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Federal Communications Commission
Washington, D.C. 20554
In the Matter of Donald Winton Licensee of Citizen Band Radio Station
Corpus Christi, Texas ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) File Number: EB-07-HU-007 NAL/Acct.
No.: 200732540003 FRN: 0016201386
SECOND MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Adopted: February 21, 2008 Released: February 25, 2008
By the Associate Chief, Enforcement Bureau:
1. In this Second Memorandum Opinion and Order ("2^nd MO&O"), we dismiss
the petition for reconsideration filed by Donald Winton of the
Enforcement Bureau's ("Bureau") Memorandum Opinion and Order^ granting
in part and denying in part his petition for reconsideration of a
Forfeiture Order issued July 12, 2007.^ The Forfeiture Order imposed a
monetary forfeiture in the amount of $7,000 on Mr. Winton for the
willful violation of Section 95.426(a) of the Commission's Rules
("Rule").^ The noted violation involved Mr. Winton's failure to make
his citizens band ("CB") radio station available for inspection. The
Bureau reduced the monetary forfeiture for this violation to $225 in
the Memorandum Opinion and Order based on his demonstrated inability
to pay the forfeiture. As discussed below, we dismiss Mr. Winton's
petition as untimely.
2. On February 21, 2007, in response to a complaint that a CB radio
station in Corpus Christi, Texas was jamming communications on CB
channel 19 by continually re-broadcasting the programming of a local
AM broadcast station, an agent from the Commission's Houston Office of
the Bureau ("Houston Office") monitored communications on CB channel
19 in the Corpus Christi area. The agent observed a radio signal on CB
channel 19 re-broadcasting the programming of a local AM broadcast
station; and using radio direction finding techniques determined that
the signal originated from an antenna mounted on a house in Corpus
3. Still on February 21, 2007, while the agent was making measurements on
the radio signal from the CB radio station, Mr. Winton exited the
house and walked down the driveway. The agent introduced himself as an
FCC agent, and requested to inspect the CB radio station inside the
house. Mr. Winton confirmed this location was his residence and that
the CB station belonged to him, but refused to make the station
available for inspection. The agent advised Mr. Winton that the
Commission's Rules require the operator of a CB radio station to make
the station available for inspection. Mr. Winton still refused to make
the station available for inspection. The agent then requested that
Mr. Winton go inside and take the station off the air because it was
blocking communications on CB radio channel 19. Mr. Winton walked into
the house and the station's transmissions ceased. Mr. Winton returned
and continued to refuse to make the station available for inspection,
so the agent left the area.
4. On April 23, 2007, the Houston Office issued a Notice of Apparent
Liability for Forfeiture to Mr. Winton in the amount of seven thousand
dollars ($7,000), for the apparent willful violation of Section
95.426(a) of the Rules.^ Mr. Winton submitted a response to the NAL
requesting a reduction or cancellation of the proposed forfeiture. On
July 12, 2007, the Bureau released the Forfeiture Order, imposing a
$7,000 forfeiture. After receipt of the petition for reconsideration,
the Bureau released the Memorandum Opinion and Order, reducing the
forfeiture to $225 based on Mr. Winton's demonstrated inability to
5. Section 405 of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended ("Act")^
requires that a petition for reconsideration of a Commission action or
an action by delegated authority must be filed no later than 30 days
after the action that is the subject of the appeal. Once it has made
public notice of the action pursuant to Section 1.4 of the Rules,^ the
Commission loses jurisdiction to consider an appeal after 30 days have
passed. Section 1.106 of the Rules reflects this statutory mandate.^
6. Mr. Winton did not timely file his petition for reconsideration of the
Memorandum Opinion and Order. Public notice of the issuance of the
Memorandum Opinion and Order was provided on September 18, 2007.^ The
thirtieth day after September 18, 2007 was October 18, 2007. Mr.
Winton's petition for reconsideration was therefore due on October 18,
2007. His petition for reconsideration was not received by the
Commission until October 22, 2007.^ After October 18, 2007, pursuant
to the Act, the Commission has no jurisdiction to consider Mr.
Winton's petition for reconsideration.^ Accordingly, we must dismiss
Mr. Winton's petition as untimely.^
7. Assuming arguendo that Mr. Winton's petition was timely filed, we
would nevertheless deny it. Mr. Winton does not deny that he refused
to allow the agent to inspect his CB station located in his home.
Instead Mr. Winton asserts that he is not a Commission licensee, that
his CB station was not rebroadcasting the programming of a local radio
station, and that the agent did not have a search warrant to inspect
his home. Mr. Winton also alleges that the agent's description of the
events is false.^
8. First, it is irrelevant whether Mr. Winton was rebroadcasting the
programming of a local radio station. The instant violation involved
Mr. Winton's failure to allow an inspection of his CB station, not the
use of his CB station. Second, Section 301 of the Act requires that no
person shall use or operate any apparatus for the transmission of
energy or communications or signals by radio within the United States
except under and in accordance with the Act and with a license.^
Section 95.404 of the Rules^ states that CB operators do not require
an individual license to operate a CB station because they are
authorized by this rule to operate in accordance with the rules in
this subpart. Accordingly, Mr. Winton was authorized to operate his
CB station by rule, provided his operation was consistent with the
requirements set forth in Part 95 of the Rules. Third, no search
warrant is required for a Commission agent to inspect a CB station.
Section 95.426(a) of the Rules requires that if an authorized FCC
representative requests to inspect your CB station, you must make your
station and records available for inspection.^ Section 303(n) of the
Act authorizes the Commission to inspect all radio installations
associated with stations ... which the Commission has by rule has
authorized to operate without a license.^ CB station owners may refuse
to allow such an inspection. However, such refusal, as demonstrated by
the instant case, is a violation of the Commission's Rules and may
subject the CB station owner to enforcement action. Finally, although
Mr. Winton alleges the agent's description of the events was false, he
admits to the key elements of the violation: he had a CB station in
his home and he refused to allow the agent to inspect his station.
IV. ORDERING CLAUSES
9. Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED, pursuant to section 1.115(g) of the
Commission's Rules,^ that the Petition for Reconsideration filed by
Donald Winton IS DISMISSED.
10. IT IS ALSO ORDERED that, pursuant to Section 503(b) of the Act, and
Sections 0.111, 0.311 and 1.80(f)(4) of the Rules,^ Donald Winton IS
LIABLE FOR A MONETARY FORFEITURE in the amount of two hundred and
twenty-five dollars ($225) for violation of Section 95.426(a) of the
11. Payment of the forfeiture must be made by check or similar instrument,
payable to the order of the Federal Communications Commission. The
payment must include the NAL/Account Number and FRN Number referenced
above. Payment by check or money order may be mailed to Federal
Communications Commission, P.O. Box 979088, St. Louis, MO 63197-9000.
Payment by overnight mail may be sent to U.S. Bank - Government
Lockbox #979088, SL-MO-C2-GL, 1005 Convention Plaza, St. Louis, MO
63101. Payment[s] by wire transfer may be made to ABA Number
021030004, receiving bank TREAS/NYC, and account number 27000001. For
payment by credit card, an FCC Form 159 (Remittance Advice) must be
submitted. When completing the FCC Form 159, enter the NAL/Account
number in block number 23A (call sign/other ID), and enter the letters
"FORF" in block number 24A (payment type code). Requests for full
payment under an installment plan should be sent to: Chief Financial
Officer -- Financial Operations, 445 12th Street, S.W., Room 1-A625,
Washington, D.C. 20554. Please contact the Financial Operations
Group Help Desk at 1-877-480-3201 or Email: ARINQUIRIES@fcc.gov
with any questions regarding payment procedures.
12. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that this Order shall be sent by regular mail
and by certified mail, return receipt requested, to Donald Winton at
his address of record.
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
George R. Dillon
Associate Chief, Enforcement Bureau
^ Donald Winton, Memorandum Opinion and Order, DA 07-3927 (Enf. Bur.
September 18, 2007) ("Memorandum Opinion and Order").
^ Donald Winton, Forfeiture Order, 22 FCC Rcd 12779 (Enf. Bur. South
Central Region 2007) ("Forfeiture Order").
^ 47 C.F.R. S 95.426(a).
^ Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture, NAL/Acct. No. 200732540003
(Enf. Bur., Houston Office, April 23, 2007) ("NAL").
^ 47 U.S.C. S 405(a).
^ 47 C.F.R. S 1.4.
^ 47 C.F.R. S 1.106(f).
^ Daily Digest, Vol. 26, No. 180, September 18, 2007.
^ Mr. Winton's petition for reconsideration was postmarked October 19,
2007. Thus, it was mailed after the petition was due.
^ Reuters Ltd. v. FCC, 781 F. 2d 946, 951 (D.C. Cir. 1986); National Black
Media Coalition v. FCC, 760 F. 2d 1297, 1299-1300 (D.C. Cir. 1985, Scalia,
J.) (FCC has no jurisdiction to consider an appeal after 30 days have
passed from date of public notice, distinguishing Gardner v. FCC, 530 F.
2d 1086 (D.C. Cir. 1976)).
^ See Board of Education of the City of Atlanta, 11 FCC Rcd 7763,
7765-6 (1996) (application for review filed one day late dismissed as
untimely). See also Garnerlynn Communications, 99 F.C.C.2d 1176, 1177
n.2 (1984) (staff may dismiss untimely application for review).
^ Mr. Winton also stated that he would like to appeal the Bureau's
decision to a court and requested a court-appointed lawyer. Mr. Winton may
appeal the Bureau's decision in the manner prescribed in chapter 158 of
title 28 of the United States Code. See 47 U.S.C. S 402(a).
^ 47 U.S.C. S 301.
^ 47 C.F.R. S 95.404.
^ 47 C.F.R. S 95.426(a).
^ 47 U.S.C. S 303(n).
^ 47 C.F.R. S 1.115(g).
^ 47 C.F.R. SS 0.111, 0.311, 1.80(f)(4), 95.426(a).
Federal Communications Commission DA 08-442
Federal Communications Commission DA 08-442