Click here for Adobe Acrobat version
Click here for Microsoft Word version
This document was converted from Microsoft Word.
Content from the original version of the document such as
headers, footers, footnotes, endnotes, graphics, and page numbers
will not show up in this text version.
All text attributes such as bold, italic, underlining, etc. from the
original document will not show up in this text version.
Features of the original document layout such as
columns, tables, line and letter spacing, pagination, and margins
will not be preserved in the text version.
If you need the complete document, download the
Microsoft Word or Adobe Acrobat version.
Federal Communications Commission
Washington, D.C. 20554
In the Matter of ) File Number EB-02-TP-606
Brian N. Bloom ) NAL/Acct. No.200332700015
502 Derby Drive )
Altamonte Springs, Florida 32714 ) FRN 0008028706
NOTICE OF APPARENT LIABILITY FOR FORFEITURE
Released: February 11, 2003
By the Enforcement Bureau, Tampa Office:
1. In this Notice of Apparent Liability for
Forfeiture (``NAL''), we find Brian N. Bloom (``Mr. Bloom'')
apparently liable for a forfeiture in the amount of ten
thousand dollars ($10,000) for willful violation of Section
301 of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended
(``Act'').1 Specifically, we find Mr. Bloom apparently
liable for operating a radio station on the frequency of
93.9 MHz without Commission authorization.
2. On November 4, 2002, two agents from the
Commission's Tampa Field Office drove an FCC mobile
direction finding vehicle to the Orlando, Florida area and
observed an FM radio station operating on 93.9 MHz. Using
direction finding equipment and techniques, the agents
determined that the station was broadcasting from a
commercial office building at 227 N. Magnolia Avenue,
Orlando, Florida. Agents had previously located and
inspected an unlicensed radio station operating on 93.9 MHz
broadcasting from this address in Suite 103. The agents
took field strength measurements of the station's signal and
determined that the station required a license to operate.2
The FCC's records showed no license had been issued for this
3. Still on November 4, 2002, the agents inspected
the radio station broadcasting on 93.9 MHz in Suite 103.
The agents found an FM radio transmitter in operation. The
agents identified one of the persons present inside Suite
103 as Brian N. Bloom. Mr. Bloom stated that he was not the
owner of the equipment but was doing a favor to the owners
by turning the station's transmitter `on' and `off.' The
agents recognized Mr. Bloom's voice as the person
broadcasting on the air prior to the inspection. Mr. Bloom
deactivated the transmitter and the agents confirmed that
the station on 93.9 MHz was no longer in operation.
4. Section 301 of the Act provides that no person
shall use or operate any apparatus for the transmission of
energy of communications or signals by radio within the
United States except under and in accordance with the Act
and with a license. On November 4, 2002, Brian N. Bloom
operated radio-transmitting equipment on the frequency 93.9
MHz without the required Commission authorization.
5. Based on the evidence before us, we find Brian N.
Bloom willfully3 violated Section 301 of the Act by
operating a radio transmission apparatus without a license.
6. Pursuant to Section 1.80(b)(4) of the Rules,4 the
base forfeiture amount for operation without an instrument
of authorization for the service is $10,000. In assessing
the monetary forfeiture amount, we must also take into
account the statutory factors set forth in Section
503(b)(2)(D) of the Act which include the nature,
circumstances, extent, and gravity of the violation, and
with respect to the violator, the degree of culpability, any
history of prior offenses, ability to pay, and other such
matters as justice may require.5 Considering the entire
record and applying the factors listed above, this case
warrants a $10,000 forfeiture.
IV. ORDERING CLAUSES
7. Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED THAT, pursuant to
Section 503(b) of the Act,6 and Sections 0.111, 0.311 and
1.80 of the Rules,7 Brian N. Bloom is hereby NOTIFIED of
this APPARENT LIABILITY FOR A FORFEITURE in the amount of
ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for willful violation of
Section 301 of the Act by operating radio transmitting
equipment on the frequency 93.9 MHz without benefit of the
required Commission authorization.
8. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED THAT, pursuant to Section
1.80 of the Rules, within thirty days of the release date of
this NAL, Brian N. Bloom SHALL PAY the full amount of the
proposed forfeiture or SHALL FILE a written statement
seeking reduction or cancellation of the proposed
9. Payment of the forfeiture may be made by mailing a
check or similar instrument, payable to the order of the
Federal Communications Commission, to the Forfeiture
Collection Section, Finance Branch, Federal Communications
Commission, P.O. Box 73482, Chicago, Illinois 60673-7482.
The payment should note the NAL/Acct. No. and FRN referenced
above. Requests for payment of the full amount of this NAL
under an installment plan should be sent to: Chief, Revenue
and Receivables Operations Group, 445 12th Street, S.W.,
Washington, D.C. 20554.8
10. The response, if any, must be mailed to Federal
Communications Commission, Office of the Secretary, 445 12th
Street SW, Washington DC 20554, Attn: Enforcement Bureau-
Technical & Public Safety Division and MUST INCLUDE THE
NAL/Acct. No. referenced above.
11. The Commission will not consider reducing or
canceling a forfeiture in response to a claim of inability
to pay unless the petitioner submits: (1) federal tax
returns for the most recent three-year period; (2) financial
statements prepared according to generally accepted
accounting practices (``GAAP''); or (3) some other reliable
and objective documentation that accurately reflects the
petitioner's current financial status. Any claim of
inability to pay must specifically identify the basis for
the claim by reference to the financial documentation
12. Under the Small Business Paperwork Relief Act of
2002, Pub L. No. 107-198, 116 Stat. 729 (June 28, 2002), the
FCC is engaged in a two-year tracking process regarding the
size of entities involved in forfeitures. If you qualify as
a small entity and if you wish to be treated as a small
entity for tracking purposes, please so certify to us within
thirty (30) days of this NAL, either in your response to the
NAL or in a separate filing to be sent to the Technical &
Public Safety Division. Your certification should indicate
whether you, including your parent entity and its
subsidiaries, meet one of the definitions set forth in the
list provided by the FCC's Office of Communications Business
Opportunities (OCBO) set forth in Attachment A of this
Notice of Apparent Liability. This information will be used
for tracking purposes only. Your response or failure to
respond to this question will have no effect on your rights
and responsibilities pursuant to Section 503(b) of the
Communications Act. If you have questions regarding any of
the information contained in Attachment A, please contact
OCBO at (202) 418-0990.
13. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED THAT a copy of this NAL
shall be sent by regular mail and Certified Mail Return
Receipt Requested to Brian N. Bloom, 502 Derby Drive,
Altamonte Springs, Florida 32714.
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
Ralph M. Barlow
Tampa Field Office, Enforcement
1 47 U.S.C. § 301.
2 Section 15.239 of the Commission's Rules, 47 C.F.R. §
15.239, provides that non-licensed broadcasting in the 88-
108 MHz band is permitted only if the field strength of the
transmissions does not exceed 250 µV/m at three meters.
Measurements showed that the field strength of the station's
signal exceeded the permissible level for a non-licensed
low-power radio transmitter by 5,094 times.
3 Section 312(f)(1) of the Act, 47 U.S.C. § 312(f)(1), which
applies to violations for which forfeitures are assessed
under Section 503(b) of the Act, provides that ``[t]he term
`willful', when used with reference to the commission or
omission of any act, means the conscious and deliberate
commission or omission of such act, irrespective of any
intent to violate any provision of this Act . . . .'' See
Southern California Broadcasting Co., 6 FCC Rcd 4387-88
4 47 C.F.R. § 1.80(b)(4).
5 47 U.S.C. § 503(b)(2)(D).
6 47 U.S.C. § 503(b).
7 47 C.F.R. §§ 0.111, 0.311, 1.80.
8 See 47 C.F.R. § 1.1914.