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Collected Engineering Documents

from the Audio Division, Media Bureau

This document provides links to an ever-increasing number of documents pertaining to radio broadcasting over the past century. These are divided into general subject areas. A single document sometimes may be found under more than one subject. Please be aware that the documents below in most instances do not represent every document released by the Division or Bureau or the Commission about a particular subject.

You may jump between topics with the links

Next subject Previous subject

We are gradually adding pertinent older documents as time permits. Generally, these will only be available in scanned or PDF forms, which may take longer to download. We apologize for any inconvenience this may cause.

Reference information has been provided for many items, including brief notes about particular items. Such notes are very general in nature and scope and should not be considered as the Commission's interpretation of the related item.

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If a link doesn't work or if an item needs correction, please report it here! We do appreciate your taking the time to tell us what needs to be fixed or improved, and it helps other users too.




Next subject Last subject
Allotment Issues
    Note: These allotment proceeding documents were chosen because they illustrate policies, issues, or requirements.
    A function is available to provide reference coordinates for communities in the USA



    June 9, 2006
      Table of Allotments, Elgin and Lombard, IL
        MO&O, , DA 06-1226, 15 FCC Rcd 2766, released June 9, 2006
        PDF  | Word ]. Allotment for changed transmitter site and community must comply with Section 73.207, not Section 73.213(a) for grandfathered short-spaced FM stations.

    June 14, 2005

      Revision of Procedures Governing Amendments To FM Table of Allotments and Changes Of Community of License in the Radio Broadcast Services
        NPRM, MB Docket 05-210, FCC 05-120, 20 FCC Rcd 11142, 70 FR 44537, released June 14, 2005. PDF | Word ]
        Erratum, released June 22, 2005. [ PDF | Word ].
        Comments due by October 3, 2005, reply comments due November 1, 2005.

    October 9, 2002

      Table of Allotments, Murrietta, Arcadia, Fallbrook, Yucca Valley, and Desert Hot Springs, CA
        R&O, DA 02-2514, 17 FCC Rcd 19458, released October 9, 2002
        PDF | Word | Text ] 1964 Grandfathered FM station cannot ignore second and third adjacent channel short-spacings if it wants to increase the station class.

    October 9, 2002

      Reclassification of Station WLWI-FM, Montgomery, Alabama and WQST-FM, Forest, Mississippi
        Order to Show Cause, DA 02-2310, 17 FCC Rcd 18104, released October 9, 2002
        PDF | Word | Text ] Petition for rulemaking to add a new allotment triggers an Order to Show Cause why WLWI-FM and WQST-FM should not be reclassified from Class C to Class C0.

    March 23, 2001

      Table of Allotments, Kankakee and Park Forest, IL
        R&O, MM Docket 99-330, DA 01-700 , 16 FCC Rcd 6768, released March 23, 2001
        PDF | Word | Text ] Change in community of license for a grandfathered short-spaced station.

    May 4, 2000

      Table of Allotments, Mt. Juliet and Belle Meade, TN
        MO&O, FCC 00-153, 15 FCC Rcd 1992, released May 4, 2000
        Word  | Text ]. See also the Earlier R&O.

    March 17, 2000

      Table of Allotments, Kuni, ID
        R&O, MM Docket 93-28, DA 00-539, 15 FCC Rcd 4976, March 17, 2000
        Word  | Text ] Class C allotments assume actual, not maximum facilities, at the rulemaking stage.

    February 11, 2000

      Table of Allotments, Grand View, ID
        R&O, MM Docket 99-204, DA 00-257, 15 FCC Rcd 2768, released February 11, 2000
        Word  | Text ]. No fully spaced, suitable site available for allotment.

    February 11, 2000

      Table of Allotments, Buras, LA
        R&O, MM Docket 99-204, DA 00-256, 15 FCC Rcd 2766, released February 11, 2000
        Word  | Text ]. No site available for allotment (swampland).

    February 11, 2000

      Table of Allotments, Colonial Heights, TN
        R&O, MM Docket 93-28, DA 00-25, 15 FCC Rcd 195, released January 7, 2000
        Word  | Text ]. Issue of reimbursement for channel change.

    February 2, 2000

      Table of Allotments, Caldwell, College Station, and Gause, Texas
        MO&O, MM Docket 91-59, FCC 00-50, 15 FCC Rcd 3322, released February 15, 2000
        Word  | Text ]

    December 12, 1999

      Table of Allotments, Warrenton, OR
        R&O, MM Docket 99-157, DA 99-2268, 14 FCC Rcd 21468 released December 3, 1999
        Word  | Text ]. Allotment site in river.

    June 25, 1999

      Table of Allotments, Madison, Indiana
        R&O, MM Docket 98-105, DA 99-1222, 14 FCC Rcd 9518, released December 3, 1999
        PDF | Word ]. Terrain blockage between transmitter and community of license does not bar allotment since signal strength over community is still greater than 70 dBu.

    October 2, 1998

      Mass Media Bureau Announces Multiple Docket FM Allotment Rulemaking Proceedings
        Public Notice, DA 98-1987, 13 FCC Rcd 25405, released October 2, 1998
        PDF ].

    September 11, 1998

      Table of Allotments, Sugar Hill and Toccoa, GA
        NPRM, MM Docket 98-162, DA 98-1785, 13 FCC Rcd 17750, released September 11, 1998
        PDF | Word ].

    September 11, 1998

      Table of Allotments, Sturgis, KY
        R&O, MM Docket 96-226, DA 98-1807, 13 FCC Rcd 17786 released September 11, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    July 22, 1998

      Table of Allotments, Caldwell, College Station, and Gause, TX
        R&O, FCC 98-165, 13 FCC Rcd 13772, released July 22, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    June 19, 1998

      Table of Allotments, Potts Camp and Saltillo, MS
        R&O, DA 98-1083, 13 FCC Rcd 11909, released June 13, 1998
        PDF | Word ].

    April 1, 1998

      Thunderbolt Broadcasting Company (WCDZ(FM), Dresden, TN)
        FCC 98-29, 13 FCC Rcd 6959, released April 1, 1998
        PDF ]. Application for review denied.

    January 9, 1998

      Table of Allotments, Rosendale, NY
        MO&O, FCC 98-18, 13 FCC Rcd 6293, released January 9, 1998
        PDF | Word ]. Previous decision in this proceeding: [ PDF | Word ]

    October 31, 1997

      Table of Allotments, Mt. and Belle Meade, TN
        R&O, DA 97-2297, 62 FR 61692, released October 31, 1997
        PDF | Word ]. MO&O. ].

    June 27, 1997

      Table of Allotments: Eatonton & Sandy Springs, GA and Anniston & Lineville, AL
        MO&O, DA 97-1334, 12 FCC Rcd 8392, released June 27, 1997
        PDF | Word ].

    June 27, 1997

      Table of Allotments: Alberton, MT
        , DA 97-1293, 12 FCC Rcd 7609, released June 27, 1997
        PDF | Word ]. Allotment proponent did not show that a suitable site would exist.

    June 27, 1997

      Table of Allotments: Portsmouth, Ohio
        R&O, DA 97-1297, 12 FCC Rcd 8295, released June 27, 1997
        PDF | Word ]. While a proposed allotment would reduce another station's listeners and advertisers, this does not bar creation of an allotment.

    February 2, 1997

      Table of Allotments: Cloverdale, Montgomery, Warrior, AL
        MO&O, DA 97-332, 12 FCC Rcd 2090, released February 2, 1997
        PDF | Word ]. No waiver of 47 CFR 73.315(a) at the allotment stage; 100% city coverage needed for an allotment.

    September 27, 1996

    August 31, 1993

      Mass Media Bureau Offers Examples of the Treatment of Applications Filed Under the New 'One Step' Process Including Treatment of Conflicts Between Petitions for Rulemaking to Amend Part 73.202(b) and FM New and Major Change Applications
        Public Notice, Reference No. 34706, released August 31, 1993
        PDF ].

    July 13, 1993

      Conflicts Between Applications and Petitions for Rulemaking to Amend the FM Table of Allotments
        MO&O, MM Docket 91-348, FCC 93-339, 8 FCC Rcd 4743, released July 13, 1993
        PDF ] Clarification of how allotment rulemaking counterproposals that conflict with applications will be handled.
        R&O, FCC 92-329, released August 4, 1992: [ PDF ]

    August 4, 1992

      Conflicts Between Applications and Petitions for Rulemaking to Amend the FM Table of Allotments
        R&O, MM Docket 91-348, FCC 92-329, 7 FCC Rcd 4917, released August 4, 1992
        PDF ]
        MO&O, FCC 93-339, released July 13, 1993: [ PDF ]

    November 30, 1990

      Modification of FM and TV Authorizations to Specify a New Community of License
        MO&O, MM Docket 88-526, FCC 90-374, 5 FCC Rcd 7094, released November 30, 1990 PDF ].

    June 15, 1989

      Modification of FM and TV Authorizations to Specify a New Community of License
        R&O, MM Docket 88-526, FCC 89-128, 4 FCC Rcd 4870, released June 15, 1989 PDF ].

    June 2, 1982

      Revision of FM Assignment Policies and Procedures
        Second R&O, BC Docket 80-130, FCC 82-240, 90 FCC 2d 88, 47 FR 26625, released June 2, 1982 PDF ]. 47 CFR 73.4104. FM allotment priorities: (1) first full-time aural service, (2) second full-time aural service, (3) first local service, (4) other public interest matters. AM and FM are joint components in a single aural service.

    May 10, 1967

      Amendment of Section 73.202, Table of Allotments ... Circleville, Ohio
        Second R&O, FCC 67-578, 8 FCC 2d 159, adopted May 10, 1967
        PDF ]. Reimbursement of expenses for channel change.

    February 3, 1966

      Policy to Govern the Change of FM Channels to Avoid Interference to Television Reception
        Public Notice, , 2 FCC 2d 462, released February 3, 1966
        PDF ]. Second harmonic interference to TV reception (Channels 7 to 13); policy on changing FM allotments to prevent such interference.

Next subject Previous Subject

AM Expanded Band (1610 to 1700 kHz)
    February 1, 2002
      Freeze Announced on the Filing of AM Expanded Band Major Change Applications
        Public Notice, DA 02-239, 17 FCC Rcd 1806, released February 1, 2002
        PDF  |  Word  |  Text ].

    April 28, 1998

      Implementation of the AM Expanded Band Allotment Plan
        MO&O, MM Docket 87-267, FCC 98-69, 13 FCC Rcd 21872, 63 FR 28486, released April 28, 1998
        PDF  | WP5.1 ]. Two petitions for reconsideration denied.

    September 26, 1997

      First Two AM Expanded Band Applications Granted to Stations in Arvada, Colorado and Lake Oswego, Oregon
        News Release, released September 26, 1997
        PDF ].

    April 18, 1997

      AM Expanded Band Fact Sheet
        Fact Sheet, released April 18, 1997
        HTML ].

    April 18, 1997

      Filing Instructions for AM Expanded Band Allotments
        Information Sheet, released April 18, 1997
        HTML ].

    March 17, 1997

      Mass Media Bureau Announces Revised AM Expanded Band Allotment Plan and Filing Window For Eligible Stations
        Public Notice, DA 97-537, 12 FCC Rcd 3185, released March 17, 1997
        PDF ]. This document contains a list of expanded band allotments.

    March 17, 1997

      Implementation of the AM Expanded Band
        MO&O, MM Docket 87-267, FCC 97-68, 12 FCC Rcd 3361, released March 17, 1997
        PDF  | WP5.1 ].

    March 22, 1996

      Comments in Response to Reconsideration of Implementation of the AM Expanded Band Allotment Plan
        MO&O, MM Docket 87-267, FCC 96-113, 11 FCC Rcd 12444, released March 22, 1996
        PDF | Word ].

    February 2, 1996

      Comments in Response to Reconsideration of Implementation of the AM Expanded Band Allotment Plan
        MO&O, MM Docket 87-267, FCC 96-113, 11 FCC Rcd 12444, released February 2, 1996
        HTML ].

    October 13, 1994

      Polnet Communications, Ltd., Licensee of WKTA(AM), Evanston, IL, For Reconsideration of Public Notice Announcing Interference Improvement Factors for Stations Proposing to Migrate to the AM Expanded Band
        MO&O, FCC 94-257, released October 13, 1994
        PDF ].

Next subject Previous subject

AM Interference Reduction Agreements

    May 1, 2003

      Pathfinder Communications Corporation [WOWO (AM)]
        MO&O, FCC 03-104, 18 FCC Rcd 9272, released May 1, 2003
        PDF | Word ]

    February 24, 1997

      KOFY(AM), San Mateo, CA
        Letter, released February 24, 1997
        PDF | Word ]

    January 16, 1997

      WMLZ (AM), Jupiter, FL and WKYB (AM), Hemingway, SC
        Letter, released January 16, 1997
        PDF | Word ]

    December 5, 1996

      WWRL (AM), New York, NY
        Letter, released December 5, 1996
        Word ]

    July 18, 1990

      Policies to Encourage Interference Reduction Between AM Broadcast Stations
        R&O, MM Docket 89-46, FCC 90-137, 5 FCC Rcd 4492, released July 18, 1990
        Scanned ]

Next subject Previous subject

AM Radio
    July 7, 2005
      Letter re NEW (AM), Baldwin, FL
        Letter, FCC 05-1943, released July 7, 2005
        PDF | Word ] Major change application for unbuilt AM station to change community of license is dismissed based on Section 307(b) considerations.

    November 10, 2004

      Letter re NEW (AM), Pace, FL
        Letter, dated November 10, 2004
        PDF ] Interference protection must be provided to Radio Marti by domestic stations.

    March 1, 2004

      Los Angeles World Airports [WNHV696]
        MO&O, FCC 03-3843, 18 FCC Rcd 9272, released May 1, 2003
        PDF | Word ]

    May 1, 2003

      Pathfinder Communications Corporation [WOWO (AM)]
        MO&O, FCC 03-104, 19 FCC Rcd 4117, released March 4, 2004
        PDF | Word ] 530 KHz Travellers' Information Station WNHV296 granted a waiver to increase ERP to 100 watts due to terrorism concerns.

    April 7, 2003

      Monroe Area Broadcasters, Inc, Licensee of WRKQ (AM), Madisonville, TN
        Forfeiture Order, DA 03-1033, 18 FCC Rcd 6255, released April 7, 2003
        PDF | Word ]. Forfeiture for failing to reduce power at sunset, night operation at daytime power, and failure to identify station by call sign.

    February 10, 2003

      Marshall County Radio Corp., Licensee of WAXO (AM), Lewisburg, TN
        Forfeiture Order, DA 03-363, 18 FCC Rcd 1588, released February 10, 2003
        PDF | Word ]. $9,000 forfeiture for failing to enclose its AM tower within a locked fence or other enclosure.

    March 7, 2001

      An inquiry into the Commission's Policy and Rules Regarding AM Radio Service Directional Antenna Performance Verification
        R&O & Further NPRM, MM Docket 93-177, FCC 01-60, 16 FCC Rcd 5635, released March 7, 2001
        PDF | Word ]. Erratum, released April 2, 2001: [ PDF ].

    June 29, 2000

      Reier Broadcasting Company, Inc. KOBB(AM), Bozeman, MT
        Forfeiture Order, DA 00-1454, 15 FCC Rcd 9165, released June 29, 2000
        Word  | Text ]. Failure to provide a locked fence around an AM station.

    July 12, 1999

      AM Directional Antenna Stability Assessment Program Code
        Source Code, released July 12, 1999 via the Internet only.
        HTML ] Source code created in conjunction with the NPRM in MM Docket 93-177 (see the next item).

    June 11, 1999

      An inquiry into the Commission's Policy and Rules Regarding AM Radio Service Directional Antenna Performance Verification
        NPRM, FCC 99-126, MM Docket 93-177, 64 FR 40539, released June 11, 1999
        PDF | Word ]. (Comment due date was extended to November 9, 1999 and reply comment date to November 24, 1999 by Order released August 31, 1999: [ PDF | Word ].)

    February 18, 1999

      Hemmingford Media, Inc. (WAPB (AM), Murfreesboro, TN)
        Forfeiture Order, DA 99-336, released February 18, 1999
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Not reducing to nighttime power level, public inspection file violations.

    December 21, 1998

      M3 Estimated Effective Ground Conductivity in the United States (A Wall Map)
        Map, Original HTML page posted December 21, 1998
        HTML ]. Map portions can be downloaded to form a large map showing the M3 groundwave conductivity lines.

    March 30, 1998

      AM Ground System Correction Factors for Nondirectional AM Stations
        Information, Original HTML page posted March 30, 1998
        HTML ].

    March 5, 1998

      Wings Communications, Inc. (WELE (AM), Ormond Beach, FL)
        Forfeiture Order, DA 98-427, 13 FCC Rcd 10806, released March 5, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ]. AM station equipment performance measurements per 47 CFR 73.1590(a)(6).

    December 23, 1997

      Delta Radio Corp. (KELE (AM), Sikeston, MO)
        Forfeiture Order, DA 97-2666, released December 23, 1997
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Out of tolerance operation.

    October 2, 1997

      Letter to Southwestern Bell Mobile Systems
        Letter, released October 2, 1997
        HTML | Word ] Nonbroadcast tower construction near an AM tower.

    February 4, 1997

      Fayetteville Cellular Telephone Company L.P. (KNKA485)
        MO&O, DA 97-208, 12 FCC Rcd 1385, released February 4, 1997
        PDF | Scanned ] Forfeiture for tower construction near an AM directional array without notice to the AM station. See also the September 26, 1996 NALF, 11 FCC Rcd 12266: [ PDF | Scanned ].

    November 23, 1993

      Establish a Single AM Radio Stereophonic Transmitting Equipment Standard
        R&O, ET Docket 92-298, FCC 93-485, 8 FCC Rcd 8216, released November 23, 1993
        PDF ] See also the April 24, 1994 Supplemental Order to Docket 92-298: [ PDF ].

    July 18, 1990

      Improved Methods for Calculating Groundwave Field Strength in the AM Broadcast Band

    July 18, 1990

      Improved Methods for Calculating Skywave Field Strength in the AM Broadcast Band
        R&O, MM Docket 88-508, FCC 90-138, 5 FCC Rcd 4482, released July 18, 1990
        PDF ]  See also the November 4, 1988 NPRM in MM Docket 88-508: [ PDF ].

    July 18, 1990

      Policies to Encourage Interference Reduction Between AM Broadcast Stations

    December 1, 1987

    January 10, 1986

      Meter orientation when taking AM field strength measurements
        Letter, released January 10, 1986
        PDF ]

    October 11, 1985

      The Application Process and the Use of Non-Discrete Power Levels for AM Stations
        Public Notice, Reference No. 0257, released October 11, 1985
        PDF ].

    October 25, 1984

      Protection Standards for AM Stations in Alaska
        R&O, MM Docket 83-807, FCC 84-489, 99 FCC 2d 77, released October 25, 1984
        PDF ].

    August 14, 1984

      Amendment of Parts 2 and 73 of the Commission's Rules Concerning the Use of the AM Carrier
        R&O, MM Docket 83-1322, FCC 84-301, 100 FCC 2d 5, released August 14, 1984
        PDF ].

    April 13, 1984

      Hours of Operation of Daytime-only AM Broadcast Stations; Amendment of Section 73.81 of the Commission's Rules (Hours of Operation of Dominant and Secondary Stations)
        MO&O, BC Docket 82-538 and Docket 18421, FCC 84-157, 97 FCC 2d 657, released April 13, 1984
        PDF ].

    March 9, 1981

      Amendment of Section 73.99
        R&O, BC Docket 80-244, FCC 81-80, 85 FCC 2d 709, released March 9, 1981
        PDF ]. Uniform 6:00 AM presunrise operation start time for certain AM stations.

    February 9, 1981

      Amendment of the Rules Governing the Conversion of Radiation Patterns [to standard patterns] in the AM Broadcast Service
        R&O, Docket 21473, FCC 81-45, 84 FCC 2d 796, released March 9, 1981
        PDF ] 3.9 MB.. Standard radiation patterns for AM broadcast stations.

    December 6, 1979

      Letter to Donald G. Everist, Chairman, FCC Processing and Procedure Committee, AFCCE, from Richard J. Shiben, Chief, Broadcast Bureau
        Letter, released December 6, 1979
        Scanned ]. "Direct Ratio method" for AM monitoring point measured field strengths.
        Related News Release dated December 7, 1979: [ PDF ].

    December 18, 1968

      B&W Truck Service
        Letter, FCC 68-1209, 15 FCC 2d 769, dated December 18, 1968
        PDF ]. New tower caused distortion of KCRC (AM) directional pattern; B&W Truck Service was ordered to fix the problem.

    September 13, 1961

      Clear Channel Broadcasting in the Standard Broadcast Band
        R&O, Docket 6741, FCC 61-1106, 31 FCC 565, 21 RR 1801, adopted September 13, 1961
        PDF ]. Revised rules for 13 clear channel frequencies; 13 new Class II assignments must protect Class I station's service out to roughly 700 miles. Educational reservations on the AM Band denied. Supplement to R&O released October 27, 1961, 31 FCC 902: [  PDF ]

    February 24, 1954

      Amendment of Part 3 (Radio Broadcast Services) ... Concerning Standard Broadcast Stations

    October 8, 1952

      Physical Limitations to Directional Antenna Systems in the Standard [AM] Broadcast Band
        Report, FCC Office of Chief Engineer, Technical Research Division, T.R.R. Report No. 1.2.6., released October 8, 1952
        PDF ] Authored by Harry Fine.

Next subject Previous subject

Antenna Structure Registration

    February 9, 1999
      FM Broadcast Station KNEC [FM], Arnold Broadcasting Company, Inc.

    June 21, 1999

      Commission Announces New Procedures for Antenna Structure Registration
        Public Notice, DA 99-1186, released June 21, 1999
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Revised Form 854, Taxpayer Identification Numbers (TIN) required.

    December 4, 1998

      FCC Audit of Antenna Structures Indicates Poor Compliance With Registration Rules
        News Release, Report No. CI 98-28, released December 4, 1998
        PDF | Word ].

    July 19, 1996

      Antenna Structure Registration Procedures Clarified
        Public Notice, 11 FCC Rcd 8653, released July 19, 1996
        PDF ].

    June 13, 1996

      Antenna Structure Registration Number Required As Supplement to FCC Application Forms Effective July 1, 1996
        Public Notice, released June 13, 1996
        PDF ].

Next subject Previous subject

Auxiliary (or Backup) Facilities

    April 3, 1998
      1998 Biennial Regulatory Review -- Streamlining of Mass Media Applications, Rules and Processes
        NPRM, MM Docket 98-43, FCC 98-57, 13 FCC Rcd 11349, released April 3, 1998
        PDF | Word ].

    August 22, 1997

      Certain Minor Changes in Broadcast Facilities Without a Construction Permit
        R&O, FCC 97-290, 12 FCC Rcd 12371, 62 FR 51052, released August 22, 1997
        PDF | Word ].

    October 04, 1995

      Letter re proposed auxiliary facility for WMHK
        Letter, released October 4, 1995
        HTML ]. Waiver request denied to allow extension of the auxiliary facility's 60 dBu contour beyond the main station's 60 dBu contour.

    September 26, 1994

      KKLF (FM), Gonzales, CA
        Letter, released September 26, 1994
        PDF | HTML ]. 8 radials insufficient: use as many radials as necessary to accurately locate the contours.

Next subject Previous subject

Contour Protection

    Section 73.215 for Commercial FM Stations

    April 13, 2004
      R&S Media [KBNH (FM), Homedale, ID]
        Memorandum Opinion and Order and Order to Show Cause, , DA 04-960, , released April 13, 2004
        PDF  | Word ]. Waivers of Section 73.215(a) and (e); Section 316 of the Communications Act.

    November 11, 2000

      1998 Biennial Regulatory Review -- Streamlining of Radio Technical Rules in Parts 73 and 74 of the Commission's Rules
        Second R&O, MM Docket 98-93, FCC 00-368, 15 FCC Rcd 21649, released November 11, 2000
        Word  | Text ]. 47 CFR Section 73.215(e) revised, also 73.215 for PR & VI stations

    February 11, 2000

      Table of Allotments, Buras, LA
        R&O, MM Docket 99-204, DA 00-256, released February 11, 2000
        Word  | Text ]. No site available for allotment (swampland).

    October 1, 1999

      Greater Media Radio Company, Inc. [WPLY-FM, Media, PA]
        MO&O, FCC 99-226, 15 FCC Rcd 7090, released October 1, 1999
        Word  | Text ]. See also the MO&O released October 20, 2000, FCC 00-128, 15 FCC Rcd 20485, denying appeal: [ Word ].

    June 15, 1998

    August 22, 1997

      Certain Minor Changes in Broadcast Facilities Without a Construction Permit

    September 27, 1996

    March 21, 1996

      ECI License Corporation [WYUU (FM), Safety Harbor, FL]
        MO&O, 96-83, 11 FCC Rcd 3545, released March 21, 1996
        HTML ]. Decision affirmed by D.C. Cir. Court of Appeals, Case No. 96-1122, 323 U.S.App.D.C. 173, 106 F.3d 442, December 26, 1996.

    September 5, 1995

      Letter re: WVZA (FM), Herrin, IL
        Letter, , , released September 5, 1995
        PDF ]. Class A to B1 one step upgrade; waiver of Section 73.215(a) denied regarding prohibited contour overlap.

    November 18, 1993

      Letter re KVYZ (FM), Thousand Palms, CA
        Letter, released November 18, 1993
        PDF ]. Once station is authorized under the contour protection rule (Section 73.215)toward a grandfathered short-spaced station, the contour protection station cannot later use Section 73.213 toward the grandfathered station.

    September 27, 1993

      WAVI (FM), Christiansted, VI
        Letter, 8 FCC Rcd 7329, released September 27, 1993
        HTML ]. Procedures for Section 73.215 contour protection in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Later adopted as a rule revision to 47 CFR 73.215.

    October 5, 1992

      Short-Spaced FM Station Assignments by Using Directional Antennas
        Order, MM Docket 87-121, DA 92-1325, 7 FCC Rcd 6473, 57 FR 46325, released October 5, 1992
        PDF ]. Temporary note to 47 CFR 73.215(e) limiting spacing was removed.

    September 17, 1991

      Short-Spaced FM Station Assignments by Using Directional Antennas
        MO&O, MM Docket 87-121, FCC 91-273, 6 FCC Rcd 5356, released September 17, 1991
        PDF ].     Erratum of October 9, 1991, 6 FCC Rcd 5777: [ PDF ]     Erratum of November 8, 1991, 6 FCC Rcd 6537: [ PDF ]    

    February 22, 1989

      Short-Spaced FM Station Assignments by Using Directional Antennas
        R&O, MM Docket 87-121, FCC 88-406, 4 FCC Rcd 1681, 54 FR 09800, released February 22, 1989
        Scanned ]. Contour protection for commercial FM stations first adopted.

Next subject Previous subject

    Section 73.509 for Noncommercial Educational FM Stations

    January 5, 2005
      Lakeside Communications, Inc.
        MO&O, , FCC 04-298, 20 FCC Rcd 763, released January 5, 2005
        PDF  | Word ]. Co-channel waiver requestof Section 73.509 denied for a Class D station applying for Class A facilities.

    November 11, 2000

      1998 Biennial Regulatory Review -- Streamlining of Radio Technical Rules in Parts 73 and 74 of the Commission's Rules
        Second R&O, MM Docket 98-93, FCC 00-368, 15 FCC Rcd 21649, released November 11, 2000
        Word  | Text ]. 47 CFR Section 73.509 revised to use 100 dBu interfering contour for second-adjacent channel noncommercial educational FM stations.

    June 15, 1998

    November 12, 1997

      NEW (FM), Cabo Rojo, PR
        Letter, released November 12, 1997
        HTML | WP5.1 ] Denied request for an Order to Show cause to modify another FM noncommercial educational station's frequency so that this application could be accepted.

    October 30, 1997

      NEW (FM), Orland Park, IL
        Letter, released October 30, 1997
        HTML | WP5.1 ] Service contour wholly within interference contour of another station; waiver request denied.

    August 22, 1997

      Certain Minor Changes in Broadcast Facilities Without a Construction Permit

    May 20, 1997

      Educational Information Corporation (WCPE)
        MO&O, FCC 97-170, 12 FCC Rcd 6917, released May 20, 1997
        WP5.1  | Text ] 0.8% increase in service area does not justify waiver of 47 CFR 73.509 to cause prohibited contour overlap. Application for review denied.

    November 12, 1996

      NEW (FM), Bernalillo, NM
        Letter, released November 12, 1996
        HTML ] Request for waiver of 47 CFR 73.509 to allow colocated third-adjacent channel FM educational stations denied.

    October 21, 1996

      NEW (FM), Pollock Pines, CA
        Letter, released October 21, 1996
        HTML ] Request for waiver to create a new "hole" of interference in another station's service area was denied.

    September 26, 1996

      Saddleback Community College (KSBR)
        MO&O, FCC 96-369, 11 FCC Rcd 11938, released September 26, 1996
        HTML | WP5.1  | Text ]

    July 2, 1996

      Board of Education of the City of Atlanta (WABE (FM))
        MO&O, FCC 96-20 11 FCC Rcd 7763, released July 2, 1996
        PDF ] Denial of request for waiver to cause prohibited cochannel overlap affirmed, even where other station has consented to the overlap.

    June 15, 1993

      Open Media Corporation
        MO&O, FCC 93-301, 8 FCC Rcd 4070, released June 15, 1993
        PDF ] Contour overlap waiver denied: programming or ownership not basis for contour overlap waiver; increased coverage at the expense of objectionable interference alone does not justify waiver.

    March 9, 1993

      Lehigh Valley Community Broadcasters Board of Directors [ NEW (FM), Allentown, PA]
        HDO, MM Docket 93-37, FCC 93-154, 8 FCC Rcd 1643, released March 9, 1993
        HTML ] Received prohibited contour overlap encompasses 58% of proposed service contour; request for waiver (on reconsideration) denied.

    April 24, 1991

      Educational Information Corporation [WCPE]
        MO&O, FCC 91-104, 6 FCC Rcd 2207, released April 24, 1991
        PDF ] Waivers of second and third adjacent channel overlap may be considered for existing stations where there "the benefit of increased noncommercial educational service so heavily outweighs the potential for interference in very small areas."

Next subject Previous subject

Development of FM and TV Propagation Curves
    June 15, 1998

    January 1976

      Field Strength Calculation for TV and FM Broadcasting
        Report, FCC/OCE RS76-01, by Gary S. Kalagian. released January 1976
        Scanned ] FM and TV propagations curves program.

    November 5, 1975

      Temporary Suspension of Certain Portions of Sections 73.313, 73.333, 73.684 and 73.699
        Order, FCC 75-1226, 56 FCC 2d 749, released November 5, 1975
        PDF | Scanned ] The 1975 suspension of the use of the terrain roughness correction factor remains in effect today.

    June 27, 1975

      Amendment of Sections 73.333 and 73.699 Field Strength Curves for FM and TV Broadcast Stations [Docket 16002]; Amendment of Part 73 of the Rules Regarding Field Strength Measurements for FM and TV Broadcast Stations [Docket 18052]
        R&O, Dockets 16002 and 18052, FCC 75-636, 53 FCC 2d 855, released June 27, 1975
        PDF ]. FM and TV field strength curves were revised. Terrain roughness factor adopted [later suspended, November 5, 1975].

    September 7, 1966

      Development of VHF and UHF Propagation Curves for TV and FM Broadcasting
        Report, Report No. R-6602, released September 7, 1966
        Scanned ]

    September 28, 1944

      VHF Radio Field Strength Measurements 1943-1944
        Exhibit No. 4, Docket No. 6651, 39 FCC 171, released September 28, 1944
        Scanned ]

    September 28, 1944

      Very-High-Frequency and Ultra-High-Frequency Signal Ranges as Limited by Noise and Co-channel Interference
        Exhibit No. 593, Docket No. 6651, 39 FCC 202, released September 28, 1944
        Scanned ]

Next subject Previous subject

Digital Radio Broadcasting in the USA

    Related information can be found on the digital radio page.



    April 20, 2004
      Digital Audio Broadcasting Systems And Their Impact on the Terrestrial Radio Broadcast Service
        Further NPRM and NOI, , FCC 04-99, released April 20, 2004
        PDF | Word ].
        Comments due by June 16, 2004; reply comments due July 16, 2004.

    April 14, 2004

      Comment Sought on Use of Digital AM Transmissions During Nighttime Hours
        Public Notice, DA 04-1007, released April 14, 2004
        PDF | Word ]
        Comments due by June 14, 2004; reply comments due July 14, 2004.

    March 17, 2004

      Use of Separate Antennas to Initiate Digital FM Transmissions Approved
        Public Notice, DA 04-712, released March 17, 2004
        PDF | Word ]
        Special Temporary Authority (STA) must be requested and granted before digital FM operations can commence.

    December 8, 2003

      Comment Sought on Use of Separate Antennas to Initiate Digital FM Systems
        Public Notice, DA 03-3898, released December 8, 2003
        PDF | Word ]
        Comments sought by January 8, 2004; reply comments by January 23, 2004. Subject is the NAB's July 24, 2003 report (PDF, 113 pages) on the use of separate antennas for digital FM broadcasting.

    March 24, 2003

      Interference Immunity Performance Specifications for Radio Receivers / Review of the Commission's Rules and Policies Affecting the Conversion to Digital Television

    March 20, 2003

      IBOC Notification Procedures Effective Immediately
        Public Notice, DA-03-831 released March 20, 2003
        PDF | Word ]
        AM & FM stations implementing IBOC hybrid digital operation must notify the FCC within 10 days of commencing such operation, using the notification form in this Public Notice.

    October 11, 2002

      Digital Audio Broadcasting Systems And Their Impact on the Terrestrial Radio Broadcast Service
        First R&O, MM Docket 99-325, FCC 02-286, 17 FCC Rcd 19990, released October 11, 2002.
        PDF | Word | Text ]
        FM IBOC Specifications (Appendix B): [ PDF | Word | Text ]
        AM IBOC Specifications (Appendix C): [ PDF | Word | Text ]

    October 10, 2002

      FCC Selects Digital Radio Technology; Authorizes AM and FM Interim, Voluntary Digital Operation
        News Release, MM Docket 99-325, released April 19, 2002
        PDF | Word | Text ]
        Commissioners' Statements:

    April 19, 2002

      Comment Sought on National Radio Systems Committee DAB Subcommittee's "Evaluation of the Ibiquity Digital Corporation IBOC System [regarding AM In-Band On-Channel Digital Radio Broadcasting]
        Public Notice, MM Docket 99-325, DA 02-899, released April 19, 2002
        PDF | Word | Text ]. Comments were due by June 18, 2002, reply notes were due by July 18, 2002.

    November 1, 1999

      Digital Audio Broadcasting Systems And Their Impact on the Terrestrial Radio Broadcast Service
        NPRM, MM Docket 99-325, FCC 99-327, 64 FR 61054, released November 1, 1999
        Word | Text ].

    October 7, 1998

      Amendment of Part 73 of the Commission's Rules to Permit the Introduction of Digital Audio Broadcasting in the the AM and FM Broadcasting Services [USADR Petition]
        Petition for Rulemaking, RM-9395, filed October 7, 1998
        PDF ]. This document initiated MM Docket 99-325.

Next subject Previous subject

Directional Antennas

    AM Directional Antennas

    July 7, 2003
      Amendment of Sections 73.62 and 73.1350 of the Ciommission's Rules [for AM directional broadcast stations]
        NPRM, MB Docket 03-151, FCC 03-160, released July 7, 2003
        PDF | Word ]. Consideration of procedures when AM directional stations cannot be maintained within tolerances. Comments due by August 29, 2003, reply comments due September 18. 2003.

    March 7, 2001

      An inquiry into the Commission's Policy and Rules Regarding AM Radio Service Directional Antenna Performance Verification
        R&O & Further NPRM, MM Docket 93-177, FCC 01-60, released March 7, 2001
        Word | Text ]. Erratum, released April 2, 2001: [ Word ].

    July 12, 1999

      AM Directional Antenna Stability Assessment Program Code
        Source Code, released July 12, 1999 via the Internet only.
        HTML ] Source code created in conjunction with the NPRM in MM Docket 93-177 (see the next item).

    June 11, 1999

      An inquiry into the Commission's Policy and Rules Regarding AM Radio Service Directional Antenna Performance Verification
        NPRM, FCC 99-126, MM Docket 93-177, 64 FR 40539, released June 11, 1999
        Word  | Text ]. Comment due date was extended to November 9, 1999 and reply comment date to November 24, 1999 by Order released August 31, 1999: [ WP5.1 | Text ].

    June 19, 1998

      Polnet Communications, Ltd. [WKTA (AM), Evanston, IL]
        Forfeiture Order, DA 98-1189, released June 19, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    May 8, 1998

      Bronco Broadcasting Co., Inc., [KIRL (AM), St. Charles, MO]
        Forfeiture Order, DA 98-866, released June 19, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    December 9, 1985

      Criteria for Approval of Sample Systems for Directional AM Broadcast Stations
        Public Notice, released December 9, 1985
        PDF ].

    December 6, 1979

      Letter to Donald G. Everist, Chairman, FCC Processing and Procedure Committee, AFCCE, from Richard J. Shiben, Chief, Broadcast Bureau
        Letter, BC Docket 82-538 and Docket 18421, FCC 84-157, 97 FCC 2d 657, released December 6, 1979
        Scanned ]. "Direct Ratio method" for AM monitoring point measured field strengths.
        Related News Release dated December 7, 1979: [ PDF ].

    February 12, 1976

      Sampling System Design and Installation for AM Directional Antennas -- Excerpts from "Design and Installation of Sampling Systems for Antenna Monitors in Standard Broadcast Stations With Directional Antennas"
        R&O, Docket 19692, FCC 76-101, 57 FCC 2d 1085, released February 12, 1976
        HTML ]. These considerations remain valid today.

Next subject Previous subject

    FM Directional Antennas

    April 3, 1998
      1998 Biennial Regulatory Review -- Streamlining of Mass Media Applications, Rules and Processes
        NPRM, MM Docket 98-43, FCC 98-57, 13 FCC Rcd 11349, released April 3, 1998
        WP5.1 ].

    August 22, 1997

      Certain Minor Changes in Broadcast Facilities Without a Construction Permit
        R&O, Docket 96-58, FCC 97-290, 12 FCC Rcd 12371, 62 FR 51052, released August 22, 1997
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    October 24, 1996

      FM Directional Antenna Program Test Authority Requirements
        Web page, posted October 24, 1996
        HTML ]. Updated.

    June 21, 1993

      Amendment of Section 73.316(a) of the Commission's Rules
        Order, RM-7566, FCC 93-306, 8 FCC Rcd 4166, released June 21, 1993
        PDF ]. Petition to allow commercial FM stations to use vertical-only polarization is denied.

    October 5, 1992

      Short-Spaced FM Station Assignments by Using Directional Antennas
        Order, MM Docket 87-121, DA 92-1325, 7 FCC Rcd 6473, 57 FR 46325, released October 5, 1992
        PDF ]. Temporary note to 47 CFR 73.215(e) limiting spacing was removed.

    September 17, 1991

      Short-Spaced FM Station Assignments by Using Directional Antennas
        MO&O, MM Docket 87-121, FCC 91-273, 6 FCC Rcd 5356, released September 17, 1991
        Scanned ].     Erratum of October 9, 1991, 6 FCC Rcd 5777: [ PDF ]     Erratum of November 8, 1991, 6 FCC Rcd 6537: [ PDF ]    

    February 22, 1989

      Short-Spaced FM Station Assignments by Using Directional Antennas
        R&O, MM Docket 87-121, FCC 88-406, 4 FCC Rcd 1681, 54 FR 09800, released February 22, 1989
        Scanned ]. Contour protection for commercial FM stations first adopted.

    September 14, 1984

      Criteria for Licensing of FM Broadcast Antenna Systems
        Public Notice, FCC 84-437, released September 14, 1984
        PDF ]. Any technique or means (including side mounting) which intentionally distorts the radiation pattern of an FM antenna requires that the antenna be licensed as directional.

Next subject Previous subject

Early Radio

    Annual Reports of the Federal Communication Commission and the Federal Radio Commission

      64th Annual Report
        Annual Report, PDF | Word ].

    1997

      63rd Annual Report
        Annual Report, PDF ].

    1996

      62nd Annual Report
        Annual Report, PDF ].

    1995

      61st Annual Report
        Annual Report, PDF ].

    January 4, 1938

      Third Annual Report of the Federal Communications Commission To the Congress of the United States For the Fiscal Year Ended June 30 1937
        Annual Report, released January 4, 1938
        7.3 MB in size: [ PDF ]
        Fold out map (page 186): [ HTML ].

    January 5, 1937

      Second Annual Report of the Federal Communications Commission To the Congress of the United States For the Fiscal Year Ended June 30 1936
        Annual Report, released January 5, 1937
        5.5 MB in size: [ PDF ]
        Oversize fold-out pages: [ HTML ]

    January 6, 1936

      First Annual Report of the Federal Communications Commission To the Congress of the United States For the Fiscal Year 1935
        Annual Report, released January 6, 1936
        PDF (entire document, 3.65 MB): [ PDF ] or scanned document sections: [ Pages 1 to 48  | Pages 49 to 92 ]

    Annual Reports of the Federal Radio Commission (1927-1933)

    January 3, 1934
      Seventh Annual Report of the Federal Radio Commission to the Congress of the United States for the Fiscal Year 1933

    December 5, 1932

      Sixth Annual Report of the Federal Radio Commission to the Congress of the United States for the Fiscal Year 1932

    December 7, 1931

      Fifth Annual Report of the Federal Radio Commission to the Congress of the United States for the Fiscal Year 1931

    December 1, 1930

      Fourth Annual Report of the Federal Radio Commission to the Congress of the United States for the Fiscal Year 1930

    November 1, 1929

      Third Annual Report of the Federal Radio Commission to the Congress of the United States Covering the Period October 1, 1928 to November 1, 1929

    October 26, 1928

    July 1, 1927

      Annual Report of the Federal Radio Commission to the Congress of the United States for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1927
        Annual Report, released July 1, 1927
        PDF  | Scanned ]

    January 25, 1935

      The Crosley Radio Corporation (WLW), Cincinatti, Ohio for Extension of Special Temporary Experimental Operation
        Decision and Order, 1 FCC 206, released January 25, 1935
        PDF ] WLW / W8XO's request for extension of STA to operate with 500 kilowatts.

    July 17, 1934

      FCC Order No. 1
        Order, 1 FCC 3, released July 17, 1934
        Scanned ] This document dealt with the initial organization of the FCC.

    June 19, 1934

      Communications Act of 1934
        Act of Congress, Pub. Law No. 416-73rd Congress, approved June 19, 1934
        PDF ] Original Communications Act, creating the FCC.

    May 18, 1934

      Extortion by Means of Telephone, Telegraph, Radio, Oral Message, or Otherwise
        Act of CongressPub. Law No. 231-73rd Congress, dated May 18, 1934
        PDF ] S2249, 73rd Congress.

    April 10, 1934

      Hearings Before the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, House of Representatives, on HR 8301, A Bill To Provide for the Regulation of Interstate and Foreign Communication By Wire Or Radio, and for Other Purposes
        Hearings, April 10, 1934
        PDF ] HR8301, 73rd Congress. 368 pages / 27 MB.

    March 22, 1934

      Regulation of American Broadcasting Companies Operating Across the International Border
        HR Report No. 1037, dated March 22, 1934
        PDF ]

    March 15,16,19,20, 1934

      Hearings before the Committee on Merchant Marine, Radio, and Fisheries [House of Representatives]
        Hearings, March 15, 16, 19, 20, 1934
        PDF ] Hearings on Bill H.R. 7986. 230 pages (16.2 MB)

    March 9, 10, 13, 14, 15, 1934

      Hearings before the Committee on Interstate Commerce [United States Senate]
        Hearings, dated February 20, 1934
        PDF ] Hearings on Senate Bill S. 2910. 220 pages (16.7 MB)

    February 26, 1934

      Message from the President of the United States Recommending the Congress Create a New Agency To Be Known As The Federal Communications Commission
        Message, February 26, 1934
        PDF ] FDR message to the 73rd US Congress. Document No. 144

    February 19, 1934

      Regulation of American Broadcasting Companies Operating Across the International Border
        Senate Report No. 319, dated February 19, 1934
        PDF ]

    January 23, 1934

      Letter from the President of the United States to the Chairman of the Committee on Interstate Commerce, Transmitting A Memordadum from the Secretary of Commerce Relative to a Study of Communications by an Interdepartmental Committee
        Letter and attached study, cover letter dated January 23, 1934
        PDF ] FDR letter.

    June 1932, monthly from January, 1915

      Radio Service Bulletins (Nos. 1 through 183) [Bureau of Navigation and Radio Division, Department of Commerce]
        Bulletins, January 1915 to June 1932
        Radio Service Bulletins page ]  List of Contents: [ PDF ]
        Federal Radio Commission orders in RSB: [ PDF ]

        These 183 scanned or PDF documents provide glimpses of the progress of radio and television between 1915 and 1932..

    July 1, 1930

      Annual Report of the Chief of the Radio Division [Department of Commerce] to the Secretary of Commerce for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1930
        Annual Report, released July 1, 1930
        PDF ]

    July 1, 1929

      Annual Report of the Chief of the Radio Division [Department of Commerce] to the Secretary of Commerce for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1929
        Annual Report, released July 1, 1929
        PDF ]

    June 30, 1927

    February 23, 1927

      Radio Act of 1927
        Act of Congress, dated February 23, 1927
        Scanned ] The Radio Act of 1927 established the Federal Radio Commission, predecessor to the FCC.

    April 16, 1926

      United States v. Zenith Radio Corporation et al.
        Decision, No. 14257 (District Court N.D. Illinois, E.D. April 16, 1926), decided April 16, 1926
        HTML ] Court: Congress did not delegate to the Secretary of Commerce the power to address wrongdoing by licensed stations. A11 penalties were set forth in the legislation.

    February 5, 1923

      Hoover, Secretary of Commerce, v. Intercity Radio Co., Inc.
        Decision, No. 3766 (52 App D.C. 339, 286 Fed.1003), decided February 5, 1923
        HTML ] Court: Congress had not given the Secretary of Commerce discretion over the issuance of licenses.

    August 15, 1919

      Radio Communication Laws of the United States and the International Radiotelegraphic Convention: Regulations Governing Radio Operators and the Use of Radio Apparatus on Ships and on Land
        Edition of August 15, 1919
        Scanned document sections: [ Pages 1 to 48  | Pages 49 to 102 ] From the Department of Commerce, Bureau of Navigation, Radio Service, edition of August 15, 1919. Includes the text of the Ship Radio Act of 1910 as amended in 1912.

Next subject Previous subject

    Early AM Radio -- Selected Documents

    October 8, 1952
      Physical Limitations to Directional Antenna Systems in the Standard [AM] Broadcast Band
        Report, T.R.R. Report No. 1.2.6., released October 8, 1952
        Scanned ]. Document from the FCC Office of Chief Engineer, Technical Research Division. The author was Harry Fine.

    April 19, 1949

      Synchronous or Common Frequency Broadcasting [North American Broadcasting Regional Engineering Committee]
        Report, released April 19, 1949
        Scanned ].

    August 11, 1943

      Supplemental Statement of Policy Concerning Applications for Permits to Construct or Change Local Channel Standard Broadcast Stations
        Policy Statement, 9 FCC 369, released April 19, 1949
        Scanned ].

    February 23, 1942

      Policy and Procedure for Handling Standard Broadcast Applications [during WWII]
        MO, 9 FCC 369, released February 23, 1942
        Scanned ].

Next subject Previous subject

    Early FM Radio -- Selected Documents

    February 2, 1966
      Policy to Govern the Change of FM Channels to Avoid Interference to Television Reception
        Public Notice, 66-106, 2 FCC 2d 462, released February 2, 1966
        PDF | Scanned ]. Second harmonic interference to TV reception (Channels 7 to 13); policy on changing FM allotments to prevent such interference.

    March 31, 1965

      Amendment of Parts 2 and 73 of the Commission's Rules to Permit the Use of the Frequency 108.0 MHz by [Aeronautical] Test Facilities
        R&O, Docket 15578, 39 FCC 597, released March 31, 1965
        Scanned ]. 108.0 MHz is the dividing line between the FM broadcast and aeronautical bands.

    May 9, 1960

      Inquiry into Amendment of Parts 2, 3 and 4 of the Commission's Rules and Regulations and the Standards of Good Engineering Practice Concerning FM Broadcast Stations to Engage in Specified Non-Broadcast Activities on a Multiplex Basis
        R&O, 60-497, Docket 12517, released May 9, 1960
        Scanned ]. 240 SCA authorizations were authorized by May 1960.

    July 25, 1951

      Radio Commission of the Southern Baptist Convention and the Executive Board of the Baptist General Convention of Texas
        MO&O, Docket 9470, 16 FCC 46, released July 25, 1951
        Scanned ]. Request for low power, tax-exempt, religious FM broadcast service denied.

    May 5, 1948

      Amendments to the Commission's Rules and Regulations Governing Sharing of Television Channels and Assignment of Frequencies to Television and Non-Government Fixed and Mobile Services
        R&O, Docket 8487, 39 FCC 336/fcc>, released May 5, 1948
        Scanned ]. 24 FM broadcast stations were still on 44 - 48 MHz in mid-1948 (see table); deletion of TV Channel 1.

    July 19, 1946

      Frequency Service Allocations to Non-Government Fixed and Mobile Services in the Band 42 - 44 Mc
        Public Notice, 39 FCC 252, released July 19, 1946
        Scanned ]. Temporary protection to FM stations on 42 - 44 MHz prior to move to 88 - 108 MHz.

    March 5, 1946

      Allocation of Frequencies to the Various Classes of Non-Governmental Services in the Radio Spectrum from 10 Kilocycles to 30,000,000 Kilocycles
        Report of the Commission, Docket 6651, 39 FCC 230, released March 5, 1946
        Scanned ]. Two FM broadcasting bands not adopted; 88-108 MHz for FM broadcasts preferred.

    October 26, 1945

      Assignment of FM Frequencies to Existing FM Licenses in the New York Metropolitan District
        Report by the Commission, 11 FCC 1151, released October 26, 1945
        Scanned ].

    September 12, 1945

      List of Assignments for Existing FM Licensees
        Report by the Commission, 11 FCC 1504, released September 12, 1945
        Scanned ].

    June 27, 1945

      Allocation of Frequencies to the Various Classes of Non-Governmental Services in the Radio Spectrum From 10 Kilocycles to 30,000,000 Kilocycles
        , 29 FCC 222, released June 27, 1945
        Scanned ]. Possible frequency bands considered for FM broadcasting.

    September 28, 1944

      VHF Radio Field Strength Measurements 1943-1944
        Exhibit No. 4, Docket No. 6651, 39 FCC 171, released September 28, 1944
        Scanned ]

    September 28, 1944

      Very-High-Frequency and Ultra-High-Frequency Signal Ranges as Limited by Noise and Co-channel Interference
        Exhibit No. 593, Docket No. 6651, 39 FCC 202, released September 28, 1944
        Scanned ]

    February 23, 1943

      Public Notice of February 23, 1943
        Public Notice, 9 FCC 367, released September 28, 1944
        Scanned ] Pending FM applications held without action due to application filing freeze announced April 27, 1942.

    April 27, 1942

      Policy and Procedure for the Handling of Broadcast Applications Exclusive of International, ST, Developmental, High Frequency Experimental and Non-Commercial Educational
        MO, 9 FCC 356, released April 27, 1942
        Scanned ]

    May 20, 1940

      Aural Broadcasting on Frequencies Above 25,000 Kilocycles Particularly Relating to Frequency Modulation
        Report on Frequency Modulation, Docket 5805, 39 FCC 29, released May 20, 1940
        Scanned ] Changes within the 42 to 50 MHz FM broadcast band.

    March 13, 1939

      Public Release
        Public Release, 39 FCC 16, released March 13, 1939
        Scanned ] 75 aural channels (25 noncommercial educational) reserved for broadcasting between 41 & 44 MHz.

Next subject Previous subject

Experimental Authorizations for Radio Broadcast Stations (FCC Form 309)

  • Experimental authorizations for AM Synchronous Transmitters are under a separate heading below.

  • March 28, 2001
      Elimination of Experimental Broadcast Ownership Restrictions
        R&O, MM Docket 00-105, FCC 01-99, 16 FCC Rcd 7457, released March 28, 2001
        PDF | Word | Text ].

    February 2, 2000

      Letter re: Request for an Experimental FM Broadcast Station, Bloomfield, CT
        Letter, released February 2, 2000
        HTML ]. Request denied to operate (as an experimental station) a new low power station in the FM band.

    October 5, 1998

      Letter re: Request for an Experimental FM Broadcast Station, Brookline, MA
        Letter, released October 5, 1998
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. Request denied to operate (as an experimental station) a new station in the FM band.

    July 29, 1996

      New Jersey Highway Authority (Sayreville & Holmdel, NJ)
        Letter, released July 29, 1996
        HTML | WP5.1 ].

    March 29, 1995

      New Jersey Highway Authority (Sayreville & Holmdel, NJ)
        Letter, released March 29, 1995
        HTML | WP5.1 ].

Next subject Previous subject

1964 Grandfathered Short-Spaced FM Stations - Section 73.213(a) (Docket 14185)
    June 9, 2006
      Table of Allotments, Elgin and Lombard, IL
        MO&O, , DA 06-1226, 15 FCC Rcd 2766, released June 9, 2006
        PDF  | Word ]. Allotment for changed transmitter site and community must comply with Section 73.207, not Section 73.213(a) for grandfathered short-spaced FM stations.

    October 9, 2002

      Table of Allotments, Murrietta, Arcadia, Fallbrook, Yucca Valley, and Desert Hot Springs, CA
        R&O, DA 02-2514, released October 9, 2002
        PDF | Word | Text ] 1964 Grandfathered FM station cannot ignore second and third adjacent channel short-spacings if it wants to increase the station class.

    March 23, 2001

      Table of Allotments, Kankakee and Park Forest, IL
        R&O, MM Docket 99-330, DA 01-700 , 16 FCC Rcd 6768, released March 23, 2001
        PDF | Word | Text ] Change in community of license for a grandfathered short-spaced station.

    October 1, 1999

      Greater Media Radio Company, Inc. [WPLY-FM, Media, PA]
        MO&O, FCC 99-226, 15 FCC Rcd 7090, released October 1, 1999
        Word  | Text ]. See also the MO&O released October 20, 2000, FCC 00-128, 15 FCC Rcd 20485, denying appeal: [ Word ].

    September 11, 1998

      Table of Allotments, Sugar Hill and Toccoa, GA
        NPRM, MM Docket 98-162, DA 98-1785, 13 FCC Rcd 17750, released September 11, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Change of community of license via rulemaking for a grandfathered short-spaced station. R&O: [ PDF |  Word | Text ]

    September 11, 1998

      Table of Allotments, Sturgis, KY
        R&O, MM Docket 96-226 DA 98-1807, 12 FCC Rcd 8295, released September 11, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    August 8, 1997

      Grandfathered Short-Spaced FM Stations
        R&O, MM Docket 96-120 FCC 97-276, 12 FCC Rcd 11940, 62 FR 50518, released August 8, 1997
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Revised rules in 47 CFR 73.213(a) for stations which have remained grandfathered short-spaced since 1964. Effective date of revised rules was November 25, 1997.

    December 15, 1975

      Commission Reaffirms Policy With Respect To Agreements Between Short-Spaced FM Stations
        Public Notice, FCC 75-1347, 57 FCC 2d 1263, 35 RR 2d 1063, 40 FR 58893, released December 15, 1975
        PDF ] Policy was in effect until Section 73.213 was revised in 1987.

    October 9, 1964

      Revision of FM Broadcast Rules, Particularly as to Allocation and Technical Standards
        4th R&O, FCC 64-919, 40 FCC 868, 3 RR 2d 1571 released October 9, 1964
        Scanned ]

Next subject Previous subject

1984 Grandfathered Short-Spaced FM Stations (Docket 80-90)
    September 11, 1998
      Table of Allotments, Sugar Hill and Toccoa, GA
        NPRM, MM Docket 98-162, DA 98-1785, 13 FCC Rcd 17750, released September 11, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Change of community of license via rulemaking for a grandfathered short-spaced station. R&O: [ PDF |  Word | Text ]

    September 11, 1998

      Table of Allotments, Sturgis, KY
        R&O, MM Docket 96-226 DA 98-1807, 12 FCC Rcd 8295, released September 11, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    January 12, 1995

      The Livingston Radio Company [WHMI-FM, Howell, MI]
        MO&O, MM Docket 96-226 FCC 94-320, 10 FCC Rcd 574, released January 12, 1995
        HTML ].

Next subject Previous subject

1989 Grandfathered Short Spaced FM Stations - Section 73.213(c) (Docket 88-375)
    September 11, 1998
      Table of Allotments, Sugar Hill and Toccoa, GA
        NPRM, MM Docket 98-162, DA 98-1785, 13 FCC Rcd 17750, released September 11, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Change of community of license via rulemaking for a grandfathered short-spaced station. R&O: [ PDF |  Word | Text ]

    September 11, 1998

      Table of Allotments, Sturgis, KY
        R&O, MM Docket 96-226 DA 98-1807, 12 FCC Rcd 8295, released September 11, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    October 30, 1996

      KBUE (FM), Long Beach, CA
        Letter, MM Docket 96-226 released October 30, 1996
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. Request for waiver of 47 CFR 73.213(c) denied. Terrain shielding not considered when predicting interference.

    January 12, 1995

      The Livingston Radio Company [WHMI-FM, Howell, MI]
        MO&O, MM Docket 96-226 FCC 94-320, 10 FCC Rcd 574, released January 12, 1995
        HTML ].

    November 18, 1993

      Letter re KVYZ (FM), Thousand Palms, CA
        Letter, released November 18, 1993
        PDF ]. Once station is authorized under the contour protection rule toward a grandfathered short-spaced station, the contour protection station cannot later use Section 73.213 toward the grandfathered station.

Next subject Previous subject

Interference

    July 7, 2003
      Petition of Cingular Wireless L.L.C. for a Declaratory Ruling that Provisions of the Anne Arundel County Zoning Ordinance are Preempted as Impermissible Regulation of Radio Frequency Interference Reserved Exclusively to the Federal Communications Commission
        MO&O, WT Docket 02-100, , released July 7, 2003
        PDF | Word ] Provisions in the county's zoning ordinance infringe on the FCC's exclusive jurisdiction over radiofrequency interference (RFI) and are preempted under the doctrine of "field preemption".

    March 3, 2000

      Leslie D. Brewer
        Forfeiture Order, DA 00-475, 15 FCC Rcd 9999, released March 3, 3000
        Word ]. Unapproved transmitters.

    February 23, 2000

      Freeman, et. al. v. Burlington Broadcasters, Inc. d/b/a/WIZN, et. al.
        Forfeiture Order, Case No. 97-9141, 204 F.3d 311 (2nd Cir. 2000), decided February 23, 2000
        HTML | Word  ]. Jurisdiction over interference.

    June 15, 1993

      Greater Boston Radio, Inc., [WMJX (FM), Boston, MA]
        MO&O, FCC 93-300, 8 FCC Rcd 4065, released June 15, 1993
        PDF ]. In the absence of any listener complaints, RITOIE interference did not require WMJX to satisfy listener complaints. The blanketing interference rule, 47 CFR 73.318, does not apply to RITOIE.

    1993

      Interference Handbook
        1993 Edition; no longer updated
        PDF ] (4.1 MB). This handbook was produced by the former Field Operations Bureau of the FCC. Addresses, phone numbers, and FCC field office locations are long out of date. Search for businesses' web sites to obtain current contact information.

    December 2, 1992

      Forus FM Broadcasting of New York, Inc. [WVOA-FM1]
        MO&O, DA 92-1547, 7 FCC Rcd 7880, released December 2, 1992
        PDF ]. FM booster station caused interference to another station; because of the secondary nature of FM boosters, interference to mobile receivers must be addressed.

    April 30, 1992

      Letter to Amador Corporation
        Letter, released April 30, 1992
        PDF ]. Increase in FM signal strength over a private open-air Part 15 testing facility does not preclude grant of an FM application.

    April 11, 1986

      Letter to Bible Broadcasting Network, WYFI (FM), Norfolk, VA
        Letter, released April 11, 1986
        PDF ]. Intermodulation interference may be resolved on a per-complaint basis; special conditions not needed re intermodulation.

    November 4, 1985

      960 Radio, Inc., licensee of Station KSJN(FM), Klamath Falls, Oregon
        Memorandum Opinion and Declaratory Ruling, FCC 85-578, decided February 23, 2000
        PDF ]. Jurisdiction over interference. Local zoning authority included a condition on a conditional use permit requiring FM station to protect TV translators from interference.

    July 29, 1977

      Sudbrink Broadcasting of Georgia
        MO&O, FCC 77-419, 65 FCC 2d 691, released July 29, 1977
        PDF ]. Station changing site must resolve interference caused by the new operation to other broadcast facilities.

    December 18, 1968

      B&W Truck Service
        Letter, FCC 68-1209, 15 FCC 2d 769, dated December 18, 1968
        PDF ]. New tower caused distortion of KCRC (AM) directional pattern; B&W Truck Service was ordered to fix the problem.

    February 3, 1966

      Policy to Govern the Change of FM Channels to Avoid Interference to Television Reception
        Public Notice, , 2 FCC 2d 462, released February 3, 1966
        PDF | Scanned ]. Second harmonic interference to TV reception (Channels 7 to 13); policy on changing FM allotments to prevent such interference.

    February 19, 1965

      Potential Interference to Television Reception from the Operation of FM Broadcast Stations on Certain Frequencies
        Information Bulletin, FCC 65-130, adopted February 19, 1965
        PDF ]. Second harmonic frequency (2 times the licensed frequency) of an FM station can interfere with reception of the TV channel on whose frequency band the second harmonic falls.

    April 3, 1947

      Midnight Sun Broadcasting Co.
        MO&O, 11 FCC 1119, 3 RR 1751, released April 3, 1947
        PDF ]. Newcomer must resolve interference caused by the new station's operation to other broadcast facilities.

    Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) to FAA Installations

    June 17, 2002

      Letter re: KFEG, Klamath Falls, OR
        Letter, dated June 12, 2002
        PDF  | Word ].. Alleged EMI to local airport frequencies not found.

    May 4, 2000

      Table of Allotments, Mt. Juliet and Belle Meade, TN

    March 20, 1998

      FCC Closes Down Unlicensed Radio Operation That Threatened Air Safety at Sacramento Airport; Fourth Airport Interference Incident in Five Months
        News Release, Report No. CI 98-3, released March 20, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Unlicensed operation causes EMI.

    February 6, 1998

      Unlicensed Radio Operation in Puerto Rico Endangering Air Safety Communications at San Juan International Airport Shut Down by FCC
        News Release, Report No. CI 98-1, released February 6, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Unlicensed operation caused EMI.

    October 31, 1997

      Table of Allotments, Mt. and Belle Meade, TN
        R&O, DA 97-2297, 62 FR 61692, released October 31, 1997
        WP5.1 | Text ]. MO&O. ].

    October 24, 1997

      FCC Closes Down Unlicensed Radio Operators That Were Threatening Air Safety at Two Florida Airports
        News Release, Report No. CI 97-12, released October 24, 1997
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Unlicensed operation causes EMI.

    May 2, 1994

      Telephone Interference Survey
        Report, released May 2, 1994
        Text ]. Informal survey by the former Field Operations Bureau regarding susceptibility of various telephone models /to different types of interference.

    April 16, 1991

      The FAA and FCC Agree to Simplify Procedures for Certain EMI Cases
        Public Notice, Reference No. 12662, released April 16, 1991
        HTML ]. Revised procedure applies to AM stations, cellular fixed transmitters, or fixed microwave transmitters.

    March 31, 1965

      Amendment of Parts 2 and 73 of the Commission's Rules to Permit the Use of the Frequency 108.0 MHz by [Aeronautical] Test Facilities
        R&O, Docket 15578, 39 FCC 597, released March 31, 1965
        Scanned ]. 108.0 MHz is the dividing line between the FM broadcast and aeronautical bands.

Next subject Previous subject

Next subject Previous subject

Radio Coordination Zone, Quiet Zones, Monitoring Stations (Section 73.1030)

    April 3, 1998

      1998 Biennial Regulatory Review -- Streamlining of Mass Media Applications, Rules and Processes
        NPRM, MM Docket 98-43, FCC 98-57, 13 FCC Rcd 11349, released April 3, 1998
        WP5.1 ]

    October 15, 1997

      Amendment of the Commission's Rules to Establish a Radio Coordination Zone in Puerto Rico
        R&O, FCC 97-347, , released October 15, 1997
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Protection for the Arecibo radio astronomy operation.

Next subject Previous subject

International Considerations

    Current

      Broadcast Agreements with Canada
        FCC Web Page. HTML ]. International agreements with Canada related to broadcasting are available as PDF files.

    Current

      Broadcast Agreements with Mexico
        FCC Web Page. HTML ]. International agreements related to broadcasting with Mexico are available as PDF files.

    June 15, 1998

    August 13, 1997

      Amendment of Section 73.207(b) of the Commission's Rules Regarding Minimum Distance Separations [for FM stations] to Mexican Broadcast Stations
        Order, , FCC 97-272, 12 FCC Rcd 12230, 62 FR 50256, released August 13, 1997
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Rule change was effective September 25, 1997.

    July 28, 1997

      U.S.-Canada Agreement Modified to Permit Added Flexibility for FM Translators
        Public Notice, DA 97-1595, 13 FCC Rcd 4795, released July 28, 1997
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Rule change was effective September 25, 1997.

    October 25, 1996

      Letter re: KSDS, San Diego, CA
        Letter, released October 25, 1996
        HTML ].

    October 10, 1996

      Letter re: New AM, Fairhope, AL
        Letter, released October 10, 1996
        HTML ]. Proposed station interferes with a registered Cuban station.

    June 8, 1993

      Memo regarding FM stations in PR and VI
        Memo, dated June 8, 1993
        HTML ]. All FM applications in PR and VI to be referred to International Bureau.

    November 4, 1987

      Review of Technical and Operational Requirements: Part 73-C Noncommercial Educational FM Broadcast Stations
        R&O, MM Docket 87-140, FCC 87-339, 2 FCC Rcd 6754, 52 FR 43764, released November 4, 1987
        Scanned ]. FM educational applications in the Mexican border zone.

    August 5, 1987

      Amendment of Part 74 ... Concerning FM Booster Stations and Television Booster Stations
        R&O, MM Docket 87-13, FCC 87-244, 2 FCC Rcd 4625, released August 5, 1987
        PDF ]. Power increase for FM booster stations; FM booster service contour; IF spacing requirements for FM boosters; new TV booster service adopted.

Next subject Previous subject

Low Power FM (LPFM) Radio Stations (Licensed Service)
  • Current information is listed on the LPFM Information page. See also the Information Sheet, Low Power Broadcast Radio Stations. Documents relating to unlicened operation are listed below in the section entitled Unlicensed Operation.

  • July 7, 2005

      Letter re NEW LPFM, Cave Junction, OR
        Letter, FCC 05-1948, released July 7, 2005
        PDF | Word ] Board members for LPFM that were involved with unlicensed, unlawful operations cause LPFM application's dismissal.

    January 5, 2005

      Lakeside Communications, Inc.
        MO&O, , FCC 04-298, 20 FCC Rcd 763, released January 5, 2005
        PDF  | Word ]. Co-channel waiver requestof Section 73.509 denied for a Class D station applying for Class A facilities.

    February 19, 2004

  • Report to Congress on the Low Power FM Interference Testing Program - Pub.L. No. 106-553, released February 19, 2004. [ PDF | Word ]
  • February 19, 2004

      Report to Congress on the Low Power FM Interference Testing Program - Pub.L. No. 106-553
        Report, MM Docket 99-25, released February 19, 2004
        PDF | Word ]

    July 11, 2003

      Comment Sought on the Mitre Corporation's Technical Report, "Experimental Measurements of the Third-Adjacent Channel Impacts of Low Power FM Stations" [MM Docket 99-25]
        Public Notice, MM Docket 99-25, DA 03-2277, released July 11, 2003
        PDF | Word ] Comments due September 12, 2003.

    September 19, 2002

      Notice Regarding FCC Certification of EAS Decoder -- Low Power FM Stations Must Install Certified EAS Decoders Within One Year of Publication of this Public Notice in Federal Register -- Cable Statems Serving Fewer Than 5,000 Subscribers May Comply with October 1, 2002 Deadline to Install EAS Equipment by Installing Certified Decoder
        Public Notice, EB 01-66, DA 02-2312, 17 FCC Rcd 17231, 67 FR 65321, released September 19, 2002
        PDF | Word | Text ] The deadline date for LPFM stations to install EAS decoders is October 24, 2003.

    April 2, 2001

      Creation of Low Power [FM] Radio Service
        2nd R&O, MM Docket 99-25, FCC 01-100, 16 FCC Rcd 8026, released April 2, 2001
        PDF | Word | Text ] Third adjacent channel spacings adopted.

    September 28, 2000

      Creation of Low Power [FM] Radio Service
        MO&O on Reconsideration, MM Docket 99-25, FCC 00-349, 15 FCC Rcd 19208, released September 28, 2000
        PDF | Word | Text ] LPFM service affirmed.

    January 27, 2000

    March 24, 2000

      Statement of Dale Hatfield, Chief, Office of Engineering and Technology, and Roy Stewart, Chief, Mass Media Bureau Concerning Low Power FM Engineering Issues
        News Release, released March 24, 2000
        HTML ].

    February 3, 1999

      Creation of a Low Power [FM] Radio Service
        NPRM, MM Docket 99-25, FCC 99-6, 14 FCC Rcd 2471, released February 3, 1999
        WP5.1 | Text]. The proposals for a low power FM service are summarized in the January 29, 1999 News Release. Three pages of the NPRM are saved separately in Excel spreadsheet format [ 57 | 58 | 59 ] and as JPEG files [ 57 | 58 | 59 ].

        Comment and reply comment date extension orders: March 19, 1999, DA 99-542, 14 FCC Rcd 4096: [ PDF | WP5.1 | Text ]
        May 20, 1999, FCC 99-112, 14 FCC Rcd 11096: [ WP5.1 | Text ]
        August 31, 1999, FCC 99-233, 15 FCC Rcd 7158: [ PDF | Word | Text ]
        September 17, 1999, FCC 99-254, 15 FCC Rcd 7161: [ Word | Text]; October 1, 1999: FCC 99-271, 14 FCC Rcd 20136: [ Word | Text].

    March 5, 1999

      Mass Media Bureau Releases Low Power FM Radio Spectrum Availability Computer Program
        Public Notice, MM Docket 99-25, DA 99-464, 14 FCC Rcd 3605, released March 5, 1999
        HTML ] This Fortran program was used to prepare Pages 57, 58, and 59 in the NPRM in MM Docket 99-25.

    January 28, 1999

      FCC Proposes Licensed Low Power FM Radio; Seeks Comment on Engineering, Service Rules for New System
        News Release, MM Docket 99-25, Report No. 99-1, released January 28, 1999
        HTML ]

    December 21, 1998

      Letter re: Petition of Joel Lawrence Efrain
        Letter, , DA 98-2560, 13 FCC Rcd 24539, released December 21, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ] Petition to reserve Channel 300 for Part 15 use is denied.

    October 5, 1998

      Letter to Americans for Radio Diversity
        Letter, DA 98-2006, 13 FCC Rcd 20084, dated October 5, 1998
        Scanned ]. ARD requested creation of a LPFM service; the request was dismissed since the matter was already under consideration.

    May 22, 1998

      Order Extending Time [to file reply notes regarding RM-9208, RM-9242, and RM-9246]
        Order Extending Time, DA 98-2006, 13 FCC Rcd 11096, released May 22, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    March 18, 1998

      Petition for rulemaking for temporary Event Broadcasting Stations
        Public Notice, RM-9246, Report No. 2264, released March 18, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ] Petition to establish a low power temporary station "event radio" service.

    February 20, 1998

      Petition for Rulemaking [seeking creation of an LPFM service]
        Petition for Rulemaking, RM-9242, posted February 20, 1998
        PDF ]

    February 5, 1998

      Petition for Rulemaking Filed [seeking creation of an LPFM service]
        Public Notice, Report No. 2254, released March 18, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ] Petition (RM-9208) to establish a "microstation" low power broadcast radio service.

    July 24, 1991

      Permitted Forms of Low Power Broadcast Operation

    December 4, 1990

      Amendment of Part 74 of the FM Rules Concerning Translator Stations
        R&O, MM Docket 88-140, FCC 90-375, 5 FCC Rcd 7212, released December 4, 1990
        Scanned ] Request for local program origination by translators was denied.

    January 25, 1990

      Allocation of the 50 - 54 MHz Frequency Band for a New FM Broadcast Service
        Order, FCC 90-27, 5 FCC Rcd 512, released January 25, 1990
        Scanned ] Application for review was denied.

    May 18, 1984

      Alternative Input Sources for FM Broadcast Translator Stations
        MO&O, Docket 19918, FCC 84-158, 98 FCC 2d 35, released May 18, 1984
        Scanned ]

    July 25, 1979

      Commission Reaches Agreement With Canada on Moving Class D Educational FM Stations to Commercial Band
        Public Notice, Docket 20735, released July 25, 1979. PDF ]

    June 20, 1977

      Stations in the Local Government Radio Services for the Transmission of Certain Kinds of Information to the Travelling Public
        R&O, Docket 20509, FCC 77-414, 67 FCC 2d 917, released June 20, 1977
        Scanned ] Travellers' Information Service (also referred to as Highway Advisory Radio) was created. Petition to use 530 and 1610 kHz for "Locally Produced Public Affairs, Musical, Dramatic and Cultural Programming" was denied.

    February 13, 1974

      Waiver of Part 15 [to operate] a Low Power Communication Device in the AM Broadcast Band
        Order, released February 13, 1974
        PDF ] Request for waiver of Part 15 to exceed the emissions limits in that Part was denied.

    March 1973

      Operation in the Band 535-1600 kHz Without an Individual License
        Information Bulletin, Bulletin OCE 12, March, 1973, released March 1973
        Scanned ] Information Bulletin is provided for reference only. See Low Power Broadcast Radio Stations for up-to-date information.

    March 24, 1971

      In re Request by Inter College Radio Network, Potsdam, N.Y. for Carrier-Current Pickup by CATV
        Letter, FCC 71-313, 29 FCC 2d 45, released March 24, 1971
        PDF ] A carrier current station can be carried on a cable TV system.

    July 22, 1964

      Amendment of Part 19 [now Part 95] -- Citizen's Radio Service
        R&O, Docket 14843, 38 FCC 1254, released July 22, 1964
        Scanned ] Uses of Citizens' Band (CB) radio debated.

    July 25, 1951

      Radio Commission of the Southern Baptist Convention and the Executive Board of the Baptist General Convention of Texas
        MO&O, Docket 9470, 16 FCC 46, released July 25, 1951
        Scanned ] Request for low power, tax-exempt, religious FM broadcast service denied.

    July 1, 1927

      Annual Report of the Federal Radio Commission to the Congress of the United States for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1927
        Annual Report, released July 1, 1927
        PDF  | Scanned ] Interference in the AM (standard) broadcast band caused by large demand for frequencies in 1927. .

Next subject Previous subject

One Step Upgrades/Downgrades/Channel Changes by FM Stations in a Construction Permit

    June 3, 1998

      Letter re: WVRB (FM), Willmore, KY
        Letter, released June 3, 1998
        WP5.1 ] Same station class changes to I.F. frequencies are permitted via a one-step application.

    April 1, 1998

      Thunderbolt Broadcasting Company [WCDZ(FM), Dresden, TN]
        FCC 98-29, 13 FCC Rcd 6959, released April 1, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Application for review denied.

    June 27, 1997

      Table of Allotments: Eatonton & Sandy Springs, GA and Anniston & Lineville, AL
        MO&O, DA 97-1334, 12 FCC Rcd 8392, released June 27, 1997
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    October 10, 1996

      Letter to KFTE (FM), Breaux Bridge, LA
        Letter dated April 1, 1998
        HTML ]. Must have 100% coverage of the community of license from allotment reference site; supplemental showing cannot be used.

    September 27, 1996

    August 28, 1996

      Letter to KGMS(FM), Green Valley, AZ
        Letter, released August 28, 1996
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. Short-spacings to Mexican stations and allotments precludes a one-step change.

    September 5, 1995

      Letter re: WVZA (FM), Herrin, IL
        Letter, , , released September 5, 1995
        PDF ]. Class A to B1 one step upgrade; waiver of Section 73.215(a) denied regarding prohibited contour overlap.

    August 31, 1993

      Mass Media Bureau Offers Examples of the Treatment of Applications Filed Under the New 'One Step' Process Including Treatment of Conflicts Between Petitions for Rulemaking to Amend Part 73.202(b) and FM New and Major Change Applications
        Public Notice, Reference No. 34706, released August 31, 1993
        PDF | Scanned ].

    July 2, 1993

      Crain Broadcasting, Inc.
        MO&O, Released July 2, 1993
        PDF ]. Appeal of denied request for superpower facility (620 kW ERP / 135 meters HAAT for WWUS, Big Pine Key, FL) to be equivalent to maximum Class C and thereby avoid reclassification is denied.

Next subject Previous subject

Reclassification of FM Stations

    November 9, 2004

      Denver FM Class C Waivers Discontinued
        Letter, DA 04-3554, released November 9, 2004
        PDF | Word ] Requests to continue waivers granted in 1986 to calculate HAAT for FM stations in Denver, CO by excluding certain radials are denied.

    September 29, 2004

      KPBS-FM, San Diego, CA Construction Permit BMPED-20010321ABF
        Letter, DA 04-3108, 19 FCC Rcd 18918, released September 29, 2004
        PDF | Word ] Objection from Mexico after original CP grant merits full 3 year period for this modification. Request for a superpower waiver in excess of maximum Class B facilities is denied; CP granted in part with maximum Class B facilities.

      Reclassification of Station WLWI-FM, Montgomery, Alabama and WQST-FM, Forest, Mississippi
        Order to Show Cause, DA 02-2310, released October 9, 2002
        PDF | Word | Text ] Petition for rulemaking to add a new allotment triggers an Order to Show Cause why WLWI-FM and WQST-FM should not be reclassified from Class C to Class C0.

    November 11, 2000

      1998 Biennial Regulatory Review -- Streamlining of Radio Technical Rules in Parts 73 and 74 of the Commission's Rules
        Second R&O, MM Docket 98-93, FCC 00-368, 15 FCC Rcd 21649, released November 11, 2000
        Word  | Text ]. Class C0; reclassification procedure for Class C stations with less-than-Class-C0 facilities.

    July 2, 1993

      Crain Broadcasting, Inc.
        MO&O, Released July 2, 1993
        PDF ]. Appeal of denied request for superpower facility (620 kW ERP / 135 meters HAAT for WWUS, Big Pine Key, FL) to be equivalent to maximum Class C and thereby avoid reclassification is denied.

    December 9, 1986

      Reclassification of Class B and C FM Broadcast Stations Which Do Not Meet Certain Minimum Antenna Height and/or Power Requirements
        Order, FCC 86-522, 1 FCC Rcd 1079, released November 11, 2000
        Scanned ].

Next subject Previous subject

Section 73.525 - Interference from Noncommercial Educational FM Stations to TV Channel 6 Reception

    August 22, 1997

      Certain Minor Changes in Broadcast Facilities Without a Construction Permit

    October 25, 1996

      Letter re: KSDS, San Diego, CA
        Letter, released October 25, 1996
        HTML ].

    March 8, 1996

      Letter to NEW (FM), Olivebridge, NY
        Letter, dated March 8, 1996
        HTML ]. Residence counts are not acceptable to satisfy the population determination requirement in 47 CFR 73.525.

    March 9, 1993

      Lehigh Valley Community Broadcasters Board of Directors [ NEW (FM), Allentown, PA]
        HDO, MM Docket 93-37, FCC 93-154, 8 FCC Rcd 1643, released March 9, 1993
        HTML ] Amendment to reduce interference area + filters brings applicant into compliance with 47 CFR 73.525.

    July 15, 1985

      Predicted Interference Area For NCE-FM to TV Channel 6 Stations Per Procedure §73.525 (Docket 20735)
        Public Notice, Docket 20735, Reference No. 5795, released July 15, 1985
        Scanned ]

    June 27, 1985

      Changes in the Rules Relating to Noncommercial, Educational FM Broadcast Stations
        MO&O, Docket 20735, 58 RR 2d 629, 50 FR 27954, released June 27, 1985
        Scanned ] 47 CFR 73.525 adopted.

    February 2, 1966

      Policy to Govern the Change of FM Channels to Avoid Interference to Television Reception
        Public Notice, 66-106, 2 FCC 2d 462, released February 2, 1966
        PDF | Scanned ]. Second harmonic interference to TV reception (Channels 7 to 13); policy on changing FM allotments to prevent such interference.

Next subject Previous subject

Signal Coverage Over the Community of License (City Coverage)

    July 7, 2005

      Letter re KAJC (FM), Salem, OR
        Letter, , DA 05-1941, released July 7, 2005
        PDF | Word ]. Petition for reconsideration denied: noncommercial educational FM station and application does not cover any part community of license as required by 47 CFR Section 73.511.

    November 11, 2000

      1998 Biennial Regulatory Review -- Streamlining of Radio Technical Rules in Parts 73 and 74 of the Commission's Rules
        Second R&O, MM Docket 98-93, FCC 00-368, 15 FCC Rcd 21649, released November 11, 2000
        Word  | Text ]. 60 dBu (1.0 mV/m) must be placed over 50% or more of the community of license by FM noncommercial educational stations.

    March 22, 2000

      Letter re: WBBK Broadcasting, Inc. (WFDL (FM))
        MO&O, dated March 22, 2000
        Word | Text ]. Application for review denied; coverage of a larger community does not mean the station has failed to serve its community of license.

    February 2, 2000

      Table of Allotments, Caldwell, College Station, and Gause, Texas
        MO&O, MM Docket 91-59, FCC 00-50, 15 FCC Rcd 3322, released February 15, 2000
        Word  | Text ]

    June 25, 1999

      Table of Allotments, Madison, Indiana
        R&O, MM Docket 98-105, DA 99-1222, 14 FCC Rcd 9518, released December 3, 1999
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Terrain blockage between transmitter and community of license does not bar allotment since signal strength over community is still greater than 70 dBu.

    July 22, 1998

      Table of Allotments, Caldwell, College Station, and Gause, TX
        R&O, FCC 98-165, 13 FCC Rcd 13772, released July 22, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    June 15, 1998

    August 22, 1997

      Certain Minor Changes in Broadcast Facilities Without a Construction Permit
        R&O, FCC 97-290, 12 FCC Rcd 12371, 62 FR 51052, released August 22, 1997
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Guidelines for supplemental contour prediction showings.

    June 27, 1997

      Table of Allotments: Portsmouth, Ohio
        R&O, DA 97-1297, 12 FCC Rcd 8295, released June 27, 1997
        WP5.1 | Text ]. While a proposed allotment would reduce another station's listeners and advertisers, this does not bar creation of an allotment.

    June 17, 1997

      Radio Ingstad Minnesota, Inc. (KMFX (FM))
        MO&O, DA 97-1297, 12 FCC Rcd 8502, released June 17, 1997
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Alleged line-of-sight problem after grant of CP is too late to be considered; license is granted.

    February 2, 1997

      Table of Allotments: Cloverdale, Montgomery, Warrior, AL
        MO&O, DA 97-332, 12 FCC Rcd 2090, released February 2, 1997
        WP5.1 | Text ]. No waiver of 47 CFR 73.315(a) at the allotment stage; 100% city coverage needed for an allotment.

    October 10, 1996

      Letter to KFTE (FM), Breaux Bridge, LA
        Letter, dated April 1, 1998
        HTML ]. Must have 100% coverage of the community of license from allotment reference site; supplemental showing cannot be used.

    March 18, 1996

      Letter re: NEW (FM), Corpus Christi, TX
        Letter, dated March 3, 1996
        HTML ]. FM noncommercial educational station does not cover any of Corpus Christi with 60 dBu contour; application returned.

    May 17, 1994

      Letter re: KDAY (FM), Independence, CA
        Letter, DA 94-510, 9 FCC Rcd 2753, released June 10, 1994
        PDF ]. Supplemental showing cannot be used where the community of license lies outside the protected service contour.

    May 17, 1990

      Rev. J. Bazzel and Elizabeth Mull d/b/a Seymour Communications
        HDO, 90-234, DA 90-594, 5 FCC Rcd 3070, released May 17, 1990
        PDF ]. City less than 16 km from transmitter site, but before a large ridge. Truncated radial accepted to show 70 dBu coverage over the community of license.

    November 1, 1983

      Amendment of Section 73.1201(b)(2) ... Additional City Identification
        R&O, BC Docket 82-374, FCC 83-487, 95 FCC 2d 1253, released November 1, 1983
        Scanned ]. Petition for partial reconsideration denied, FCC 84-339, 98 FCC 2d 787, released July 27, 1984: [ Scanned ]

    August 2, 1983

      Policy Statement on Distortion of Ratings and Coverage Maps and Statements Regarding Stations' Coverage
        Policy Statement and Order, FCC 83-339, 94 FCC 2d 619, released June 10, 1994
        PDF ]. Commission will no longer maintain policies against the misuse of audience ratings data or the use of inaccurate or exaggerated coverage maps or coverage claims by broadcast licensees.

    March 14, 1983

      The Suburban Community Policy, the Berwick Doctrine, and the De Facto Reallocation Policy
        R&O, BC Docket 82-320, FCC 83-81, 93 FCC 2d 436, released March 14, 1983
        Scanned ]. A station that covers its community of license is presumed to intend to serve that community, former "10 / 15 mile" community change rule. Reconsideration denied, 56 RR 2d 835 (July 31, 1984).

Next subject Previous subject

Special Temporary Authority (STA)

    February 8, 2002

      Applications of Leslie D. Brewer for Special Temporary Authority to Operate an Unlicensed FM Broadcast Station [at Temple Terrace, FL]
        MO&O, FCC 02-29, released February 8, 2002
        PDF | Word | Text ]. Application for review denied to operate an unlicensed low power FM station. [ Related order ].

    April 22, 1998

      Chameleon Radio Corporation [KFCC (AM), Bay City, TX]
        Decision, MM Docket 96-173, FCC 98-73, 13 FCC Rcd 13549, released April 22, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ]. STA cancelled after applicant failed to supply information requested by the Audio Services Division. Misrepresentation found; tower construction without authorization; license revoked.

    April 7, 1998

      Unlicensed FM "Radio Impacto", Orlando, FL
        Letter, released April 7, 1998
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. STA request for a low power FM station is dismissed.

    April 7, 1998

      Unlicensed FM "Radio Amor, Poder y Gracia", Tampa, FL
        Letter, released April 7, 1998
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. STA request for a low power FM station is denied.

    August 22, 1997

      Certain Minor Changes in Broadcast Facilities Without a Construction Permit

    October 8, 1996

      Letter to WQUB (FM), Quincy, IL
        Letter, released October 8, 1996
        HTML ]. STA granted for trial of non-type-notified transmitter.

    February 16, 1996

      Letter re: WPMZ(AM), East Providence, RI
        Letter, released February 16, 1996
        HTML ]. STA to cover unauthorized nighttime operation denied; WPMZ ordered to cease nighttime operations.

    March 27, 1984

      Commission Policy Regarding Premature or Nonconforming Construction
        Public Notice, released March 27, 1984
        PDF ].

    September 10, 1980

      In re Request by Patton Communications Corporation for Declaratory Ruling
        Declaratory Ruling, FCC 80-533, 81 FCC 2d 336, released September 10, 1980
        PDF | Scanned ]. Pouring concrete footings for a tower prior to grant of a construction permit is NOT preconstruction, and is acceptable.

Next subject Previous subject

Subcarriers / SCA (Subsidiary Communications Authority)

  • Subcarriers or SCAs. Fact Sheet, April 1996 (updated as required).

  • October 16, 2002

      Digital Audio Broadcasting Systems And Their Impact on the Terrestrial Radio Broadcast Service
        First R&O, MM Docket 99-325, FCC 02-286 released October 15, 2002.
        PDF | Word | Text ]
        FM IBOC Specifications (Appendix B): [ PDF | Word | Text ]
        AM IBOC Specifications (Appendix C): [ PDF | Word | Text ]
        Effects of IBOC on subcarrier transmissions.

    December 3, 1993

      Letter to Dr. Hossein Haghighi
        Letter, released December 3, 1993
        HTML ]. Tunable SCA receivers are generally prohibited.

    October 28, 1988

      Allowable Costs for Noncommercial Educational FM Licensees to Charge Radio Reading Services

    August 24, 1987

      Amendment ... to Establish An Allocation in the 220 - 225 MHz Band for the Radio Reading Services
        MO&O, RM-5434, FCC 87-257, 2 FCC Rcd 5154, released August 24, 1997
        PDF ]. Petition to alloacate channels reserved for radio reading services not granted; radio reading services must still rely on FM or TV subcarriers.
        Earlier February 20, 1987 Order, FCC 97-41, 2 FCC Rcd 1146: [  PDF ]

    February 3, 1987

      Require Licensees of Noncommercial Educational FM Stations to Accommodate Requests by Radio Reading Services to Utilize Their Subcarriar Capacity on an Incremental Cost Justified Basis

    August 14, 1984

      Amendment of Parts 2 and 73 of the Commission's Rules Concerning the Use of the AM Carrier
        R&O, MM Docket 83-1322, FCC 84-301, 100 FCC 2d 5, released August 14, 1984
        Scanned ]. AM licensees can use the AM signal to transmit information provided that it does not create interference.

    May 2, 1984

      Petition for Reconsideration of Parts 2 and 73 of the Commission's Rules Concerning Use of Subsidiary Communications Authorization
        MO&O, BC Docket 82-536, FCC 84-187, 98 FCC 2d 792, released May 2, 1984
        Scanned ]. Petitions for reconsideration pertaining to preemption of state statutes regulating entry of radio common carrier paging services on FM subcarriers granted to an extent. Petition to allow variable-tuned FM subcarrier receivers denied.

    February 17, 1984

      Letter to James Weitzman
        Letter, FCC 84-48, , released February 17, 1984
        HTML ]. Tunable subcarrier receiver OK because it was designed to pick up only the special SCA signal and ignore other SCA subcarriers.

    June 3, 1983

      In the Matter of Amendment of § 73.593 of the Commission's Rules
        R&O, BC Docket 82-1, FCC 83-155, 54 RR 2d 25, released June 3, 1983
        Scanned ].

    May 19, 1983

      Amendment of Parts 2 and 73 of the Commission's Rules Concerning Use of Subsidiary Communications Authorizations
        First Report and Order, BC Docket 82-536, FCC 83-154, , released May 19, 1983
        Scanned ].

    January 1983

      1983 Subcarrier Rules
        January, 1983
        Scanned ]. With deregulation of subcarrier use in 1983, many subcarrier rules were removed from the CFR. This is a copy of the subcarrier rules as they existed at the beginning of 1983.

    January 8, 1982

      Amendment of Section 73.293 and Section 2.106 of the Commission's Rules Concerning the Use of the Subsidiary Communications Authorization for Utility Load Management
        R&O, BC Docket 81-352, FCC 81-584, released January 8, 1982
        Scanned ].

    May 17, 1979

      Street Broadcasting Corporation [WIZR-FM, Johnstown, NY]
        MO&O, FCC 79-296, 72 FCC 2d 793, released May 17, 1979
        PDF ]. Station's request to transmit horse racing information to off-track betting parlors via SCA (subcarrier) was granted.

    June 25, 1973

      Amendment of Part 73 ... to Restrict Transmission of the Stereophonic Pilot Subcarrier During Periods of Monophonic Program Transmission
        R&O, Docket 19571, FCC 73-680, 41 FCC 2d 534, 38 FR 17021, released June 25, 1973
        Scanned ]. Proposed rule not adopted. This document is referenced in 47 CFR 73.4246.

    August 9, 1972

      Discrete Four-Channel Multiplex ["Quad"] Stereo Transmission Requires Specific Authority, FCC Rules
        Public Notice, Report No. 10851, 72 FCC 2d 792, released August 9, 1972
        PDF ].

    May 9, 1960

      Inquiry into Amendment of Parts 2, 3 and 4 of the Commission's Rules and Regulations and the Standards of Good Engineering Practice Concerning FM Broadcast Stations to Engage in Specified Non-Broadcast Activities on a Multiplex Basis
        R&O, Docket 12517, FCC 60-497, , 38 FR 17021, released May 9, 1960
        Scanned ].

Next subject Previous subject

Supplemental Showings for Predicting FM Contour Locations

    August 8, 2002

      Letter re: KMAJ-FM, Topeka, KS, Application BPH-20000316ACF
        Letter, dated August 8, 2002
        PDF | Word | Text ]. Reference to guidelines for "terrain departs widely" where delta-h is the justification for use of a supplemental showing.

    November 11, 2000

      1998 Biennial Regulatory Review -- Streamlining of Radio Technical Rules in Parts 73 and 74 of the Commission's Rules
        Second R&O, MM Docket 98-93, FCC 00-368, 15 FCC Rcd 21649, released November 11, 2000
        Word  | Text ]. Proposed point-to-point prediction method on hold.

    February 2, 2000

      Table of Allotments, Caldwell, College Station, and Gause, Texas
        MO&O, MM Docket 91-59, FCC 00-50, 15 FCC Rcd 3322, released February 15, 2000
        Word  | Text ]

    July 22, 1998

      Table of Allotments, Caldwell, College Station, and Gause, TX
        R&O, FCC 98-165, 13 FCC Rcd 13772, released July 22, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    June 15, 1998

    May 8, 1998

      Assignment of License [WZNY (FM), Augusta, GA]
        Letter, DA 98-877, 13 FCC Rcd 9467, released May 8, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Supplemental showings are not acceptable to demonstrate compliance with the multiple ownership showings required by 47 CFR 73.3555.

    August 22, 1997

      Certain Minor Changes in Broadcast Facilities Without a Construction Permit
        R&O, FCC 97-290, 12 FCC Rcd 12371, 62 FR 51052, released August 22, 1997
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Policy and procedures for supplemental showings for main studio location and FM community of license coverage.

    June 17, 1997

      Radio Ingstad Minnesota [KMFX (FM)]
        MO&O, FCC 97-199, 12 FCC Rcd 8502, released June 17, 1997
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Denial of late filed allegation of lack of community coverage upheld.

    October 30, 1996

      KBUE (FM), Long Beach, CA
        Letter, MM Docket 96-226 dated October 30, 1996
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. Request for waiver of 47 CFR 73.213(c) denied. Terrain shielding not considered when predicting interference.

    October 10, 1996

      Letter to KFTE (FM), Breaux Bridge, LA
        Letter dated April 1, 1998
        HTML ]. Must have 100% coverage of the community of license from allotment reference site; supplemental showing cannot be used.

    February 26, 1996

      WBRX (FM), Patton, PA
        Letter, dated
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. Main studio waiver request denied: studio is outside the principal community contour of the main station but inside the "principal community contour" of a booster station.

    May 17, 1994

      Letter re: KDAY (FM), Independence, CA
        Letter, DA 94-510, 9 FCC Rcd 2753, released June 10, 1994
        PDF ]. Supplemental showing cannot be used where the community of license lies outside the protected service contour.

    May 17, 1990

      Rev. J. Bazzel and Elizabeth Mull d/b/a Seymour Communications
        HDO, 90-234, DA 90-594, 5 FCC Rcd 3070, released May 17, 1990
        PDF ]. City less than 16 km from transmitter site, but before a large ridge. Truncated radial accepted to show 70 dBu coverage over the community of license.

Next subject Previous subject

Synchronous Transmitter (AM)

    January 8, 1997

      KARS (AM), Belen, NM
        Letter, released January 8, 1997
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. Not enough information in request for STA for synchronous operation of an AM station.

    December 31, 1996

      KEZM (AM), Sulphur, LA
        Letter, released December 31, 1996
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. Not enough information in request for STA for synchronous operation of an AM station; operation would cause nighttime interference.

    August 30, 1996

      NEW (FM Translator), Nashville, TN
        Letter, released August 30, 1996
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. "Synchronization of FM signals" does not warrant grant of FM translator proposal.

    April 19, 1949

      Synchronous or Common Frequency Broadcasting [North American Broadcasting Regional Engineering Committee]
        Report, dated April 19, 1949
        Scanned ].

Next subject Previous subject

Technical Quality of Broadcasts

    March 24, 2003

      Interference Immunity Performance Specifications for Radio Receivers / Review of the Commission's Rules and Policies Affecting the Conversion to Digital Television

    December 7, 1984

      A Re-Examination of Technical Regulations
        R&O, Gen. Docket 83-114, FCC 84-521, 99 FCC 2d 903, 49 FR 48035, released December 7, 1984
        Scanned ]. Quality of broadcast regulations that were not related to interference control were deleted.

    December 7, 1984

      A Re-Examination of Technical Regulations
        R&O, Gen. Docket 83-114, FCC 84-521, 99 FCC 2d 903, 49 FR 48035, released December 7, 1984
        Scanned ]. Quality of broadcast regulations that were not related to interference control were deleted.

    July 10, 1974

      Commission Authorizes Use of Dolby Encoder by FM Broadcast Stations
        Public Notice, 72 FCC 2d 790, released July 10, 1974
        PDF ].

Next subject Previous subject

Tower Painting and Lighting
Tower Related Issues

    June 4, 2004

      Professional Communications, Inc., Owner of Antennna Structure ... near Peculiar, Misssouri
        Forfeiture Order, DA 04-1600, 19 FCC Rcd 9896, released June 4, 2004
        PDF | Word ]. Forfeiture specified angainst licensee for partially failed tower lighting; hired tower monitoring company did not record outage nor notify the FAA.

    June 4, 2004

      Professional Communications, Inc., Owner of Antennna Structure ... near Peculiar, Misssouri
        Forfeiture Order, DA 04-1600, 19 FCC Rcd 9896, released June 4, 2004
        PDF | Word ].
        Forfeiture specified angainst licensee for partially failed tower lighting; hired tower monitoring company did not record outage nor notify the FAA.

    March 25, 2004

      KM Radio of St. Johns, L.L.C. [KWKM (FM), St. Johns, AZ]
        MO&O & NAL, FCC 04-69, 19 FCC Rcd 5847, released March 25, 2004
        PDF | Word ]. Tower was constructed at wrong site by the contractor. Forfeiture imposed; permittee or licensee is responsible for the actions of employees and contractors.

    February 10, 2003

      Marshall County Radio Corp., Licensee of WAXO (AM), Lewisburg, TN
        Forfeiture Order, DA 03-1033, released February 10, 2003
        PDF | Word ]. $9,000 forfeiture for failing to enclose its AM tower within a locked fence or other enclosure.

    January 16, 2001

      American Tower Corporation, Boston, MA
        Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture, FCC 01-9, 16 FCC Rcd 1282, released January 16, 2000
        PDF | Word | Text ]. $212,000 forfeiture proposed for violations on 36 towers.

    September 8, 2000

      Kona Koast Leasing LLC, Thomas M. Jones, Owner of Antenna Structure Registration #1063428, Kealakekua, Hawaii
        Forfeiture Order, DA 00-2055, 15 FCC Rcd 17304, released September 8, 2000
        PDF | Word | Text ]. Forfeiture for failing to maintain tower painting.

    March 23, 2000

      Kel-Com Broadcasting, Inc. [WPQR-FM, Connellsville, PA]
        Forfeiture Order, DA 00-636, 15 FCC Rcd 5857, released March 23, 2000
        PDF | Word | Text ]. Failure to maintain tower lighting, to register tower, and to install and maintain EAS equipment.

    March 16, 2000

      Commission Announces FAA Flight Service Station Reporting Change
        Public Notice, DA 00-580, 15 FCC Rcd 18618, released March 16, 2000
        PDF | Word | Text ]. How to notify the FAA of a tower light outage.

    March 3, 2000

      Natchez Communications, Inc. [WTYJ (FM), Natchez, MS]
        Forfeiture Order, DA 00-476, 15 FCC Rcd 4628, released March 23, 2000
        PDF | Word | Text ]. Failure to maintain tower painting and lighting and failure to post tower registration.

    February 9, 1999

      FM Broadcast Station KNEC [FM], Arnold Broadcasting Company, Inc.

    January 5, 1999

      FCC Issues Second Warning to Owners of Radio Antenna Structures after Ambulance Helicopter Nearly Hits Unlit Radio Tower in Florida
        News Release, Report No. CI 99-1, released January 5, 1999
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    November 30, 1998

      FCC Issues Second Warning to Owners of Radio Antenna Structures after Ambulance Helicopter Nearly Hits Unlit Radio Tower in Florida
        News Release, Report No. CI 98-27, released November 30, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    November 25, 1998

      Commission Announces Antenna Structure Lighting Responsibilities With Respect To Year 2000 Computer Issue
        Public Notice, DA 98-2408, 14 FCC Rcd 454, released November 25, 1998
        HTML ].

    June 12, 1997

      Nineteen Forfeitures Assessed Against Licensees Renting Antenna Space on Two Towers in Alice, Texas
        MO&O, DA 97-1220, 12 FCC Rcd 7736, released June 12, 1997
        Text ].

    September 10, 1980

      In re Request by Patton Communications Corporation for Declaratory Ruling
        Declaratory Ruling, FCC 80-533, 81 FCC 2d 336, released September 10, 1980
        PDF | Scanned ]. Pouring concrete footings for a tower prior to grant of a construction permit is NOT preconstruction, and is acceptable.

    December 18, 1968

      B&W Truck Service
        Letter, FCC 68-1209, 15 FCC 2d 769, dated December 18, 1968
        PDF ]. New tower caused distortion of KCRC (AM) directional pattern; B&W Truck Service was ordered to fix the problem.

    May 26, 1965

      Policy Statement Concerning the Height of Radio and Television Antenna Towers [in excess of 2000 feet]
        Public Notice, FCC 65-455, 45 FCC 2d 2451, released May 26, 1965
        PDF ].

Next subject Previous subject

Translators and Boosters (FM)


  • Booster & Translator Stations in the FM Band. Information sheet.

  • July 8, 2004

      The Association for Community Education, Inc. ... K211DK, Santa Ana, CA
        MO&O, FCC 04-1455, released July 8, 2004
        PDF | Word ]. Petitioner against translator did not demonstrate interference to bona fide listeners; petitioner's chief engineer does not count. Information must be "sufficiently specific to permit the Commission to verify the presence of bona fide listeners".

    July 7, 2004

      Letter re: New FM Translator, Concord, CA
        Letter, FCC 04-2046, dated July 7, 2004
        PDF | Word ]. Petition for reconsideration granted: Section 74.1201(a) does not prohibit a translator station on the same channel as the relayed station.

    March 25, 2004

      Educational Media Foundation [NEW translator, New Albany, IN]
        MO&O, FCC 04-68, 19 FCC Rcd 5843, dated March 25, 2004
        PDF | Word ]. Optional use of undesired to desired (U/D) signal ratios for translator applications is affirmed.

    December 4, 2003

      Licensee of Noncommercial Educational Station WAAQ(FM), Onsted, MI And Translator Station W214BH, Mount Pleasant, MI
        MO&O, FCC 03-3864, released December 4, 2003
        PDF | Word ]. Impermissible donor and underwriting advertisements in violation of Section 399B of the Communications Act, on a noncommercial educational station; originations concerning financial support in excess of the limitations in 47 CFR Section 74.1231(g) over an FM translator station.

    May 5, 2003

      Letter re NPR's Request for Waiver of Section 74.1283(c)
        Letter, dated May 5, 2003
        PDF ]. Request for waiver of translator station identification announcements rule was denied.

    April 1, 2003

      California State University, Sacramento ... New Noncommercial Educational FM Translator in Penryn, CA
        MO&O, FCC 02-66, released April 1, 2003
        PDF | Word ].
        Consent of full service stations to receive third adjacent channel operlap does not justify waiver; translators are not comparable to LPFM stations. Application for review denied.

    September 9, 2002

      Living Way Ministries ... New Noncommercial Educational FM Translator on Channel 220, Sun Valley, CA
        MO&O, FCC 02-244, released September 9, 2002
        PDF | Word | Text ].
        100 dBu interfering contour for second adjacent channel translator stations under 47 CFR 74.1204(a). Guidance is provided for applicants applying the "lack of population" provision of 47 CFR 74.1204(d), discussion of Census internal points and USGS topographic maps.

    February 6, 2002

      Peninsula Communications, Inc., Former Licensee of FM Translator Stations K285EF, Kenai; K283AB, Kenai/Soldotna; K274AB and K285AA, Kodiak; K272DG and K285EG, Seward, AK
        Forfeiture Order, FCC 02-31, 17 FCC Rcd 2832, released February 6, 2002
        PDF | Word | Text ].
        Unlicensed translator operations.
        Petition for reconsideration denied June 12, 2002, FCC 02-169: [ PDF | Word | Text ]
        See also Order to Show Cause, FCC 02-32, February 6, 2002: [ PDF | Word | Text ]

    April 13, 2000

      In the Matter of KNFL, Inc., Tremonton, Utah
        Forfeiture Order, DA 00-848, , released April 13, 2000
        PDF | Word | Text ]. KNFL (FM) was operating an unlicensed translator station.

    August 12, 1999

      Letter to American Family Association, licensee of Educational Translator W204AV, Sanford, NC
        Letter, dated August 12, 1999
        HTML | WP5.1 ].

    December 10, 1998

      Peninsula Communications, Inc., for Renewal of Licenses for FM Translator Stations K285EF, Kenai; K283AB, Kenai/Soldotna; K274AB and K285AA, Kodiak; K272DG and K285EG, Seward, AK
        MO&O, FCC 98-314, 13 FCC Rcd 23392, released December 10, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    July 15, 1998

      Lifetalk Broadcasting Association [NEW FM Translators, Sacramento CA and Collegedale, TN]
        MO&O, FCC 98-156, 13 FCC Rcd 15179, released July 15, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Applications for review denied: cannot feed translators in the commercial FM band (Channels 221 to 300) by alternate signal delivery methods.

    June 30, 1998

      NEW (FM Translator), Running Springs, CA
        Letter, released June 30, 1998
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. Showing that a proposed FM translator would interfere with a full service station.

    June 15, 1998

    May 4, 1998

      NEW (FM Translator), East Tawas, MI
        Letter, 13 FCC Rcd 25188, released May 8, 1998
        PDF | WP5.1 ]. Violation of commercial FM translator ownership results in the translator application's dismissal.

    August 22, 1997

      Certain Minor Changes in Broadcast Facilities Without a Construction Permit

    July 28, 1997

      U.S.-Canada Agreement Modified to Permit Added Flexibility for FM Translators
        Public Notice, DA 97-1595, 13 FCC Rcd 4795, released July 28, 1997
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Class A1 (with respect to Canada only): 250 watt ERP, 34 dBu not to exceed 60 km for translators; Canadian Class A stations treated as 6 kW ERP / 100 meter HAAT operations.

    April 18, 1997

      Gerard Turro [W276AQ, W232AL, and WJUX (FM)]
        HDO, MM Docket 97-122, FCC 97-137, 12 FCC Rcd 6264, released April 18, 1997
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Allegations that translator was being fed the signal directly rather than receiving the signal off the air, other issues.
        Initial Decision, FCC 99D-03, August 16, 1999: [ WP5.1 | Text ]
        Decision, FCC 00-245, released July 20, 2000: [ Word | Text ].

    February 28, 1997

      K292AX, Cortez, NM
        Letter, dated February 28, 1997
        HTML ]. Translator ownership waiver denied (47 CFR 74.1232(d)).

    December 13, 1996

      K285AK, Cortez, NM
        Letter, dated December 13, 1996
        HTML ]. Translator ownership waiver requests (47 CFR 74.1232(d)).

    October 23, 1996

      K285AE, Olympia, WA
        Letter, dated October 23, 1996
        HTML ]. Violation of 74.1232(d): deficiency letter. (47 CFR 74.1232(d)).

    August 30, 1996

      NEW (FM Translator), Nashville, TN
        Letter, dated August 30, 1996
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. "Synchronization of FM signals" does not warrant grant of FM translator proposal.

    February 26, 1996

      WBRX (FM), Patton, PA
        Letter, dated February 26, 1996
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. Main studio waiver request denied: studio is outside the principal community contour of the main station but inside the "principal community contour" of a booster station.

    July 28, 1993

      Amendment of Part 74 of the Commission's Rules Concerning FM Translator Stations
        MO&O, MM Docket 88-140, FCC 93-338, 8 FCC Rcd 5093, released July 28, 1993
        Scanned ].

    December 2, 1992

      Forus FM Broadcasting of New York, Inc. [WVOA-FM1]
        MO&O, DA 92-1547, 7 FCC Rcd 7880, released December 2, 1992
        PDF ]. FM booster station caused interference to another station; because of the secondary nature of FM boosters, interference to mobile receivers must be addressed.

    December 2, 1992

      Forus FM Broadcasting of New York, Inc. [WVOA-FM1]
        MO&O, DA 92-1547, 7 FCC Rcd 7880, released December 2, 1992
        PDF ]. FM booster station caused interference to another station; because of the secondary nature of FM boosters, interference to mobile receivers must be addressed.

    January 25, 1991

      Big Island Broadcasting Company, Ltd.
        MO&O, FCC 90-426, 6 FCC Rcd 422, released January 25, 1991
        PDF ]. Requests for boosters that extend beyond the service contour of the primary station. Two waiver requests denied, one granted.

    July 16, 1985

      BER-TEC Broadcasting, Inc.
        MO&O, FCC 85-361, 101 FCC 2d 570, released July 16, 1985
        PDF ]. Applications for review denied. 47 CFR 74.1232(d) does not proscribe the authorization of a commercial non-fill-in FM translator within the service contour of an unbuilt non-operational commercial FM station in another community.

    May 18, 1984

      Alternative Input Sources for FM Broadcast Translator Stations
        MO&O, Docket 19918, FCC 84-158, 98 FCC 2d 35, released May 18, 1984
        Scanned ].

Next subject Previous subject

Transmitter Site Requirements


    May 28, 2004

      Americom Las Vegas Limited Partnership [KWNZ, Carson City, NV]
        Forfeiture Order, DA 04-1533, released May 28, 2004
        PDF | Word ] $10,000 forfeiture assessed. Station at "remote site" did not comply with radiofrequency (RF) exposure requirements; evidence indicates public had access to areas in which the limit was exceeded.
        NAL, DA 02-3218, 17 FCC Rcd 23689, released November 22, 2002: [ PDF | Word ].

    May 12, 2003

      Western Wireless Corporation and WWC Holding Co., Inc., Licensee of Cellular Radio Station KNKN343
        Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture, FCC 03-109, 18 FCC Rcd 10319, released May 12, 2003
        PDF | Word ]. Chairman's statement: [ PDF | Word ]. NAL proposes $200,000 fine for operating radio equipment from an unauthorized location that has a significant environmental impact; no Environmental Impact Statement. News Release, May 12, 2003: [ PDF | Word ].

    March 15, 2000

      Hoosier Broadcasting Corporation (WIRE (FM))
        MO&O, DA 00-571, 15 FCC Rcd 8640, released September 28, 2000
        PDF | Word | Text ] FM antenna mounted at height higher than authorized results in forfeiture; petition for reconsideration denied.
        Forfeiture Order, DA 99-371, 14 FCC Rcd 3356, February 23, 1999: [ WP5.1 | Text ].

    October 2, 1997

      Letter to Southwestern Bell Mobile Systems
        Letter, released October 2, 1997
        HTML | WP5.1 ] Nonbroadcast tower construction near an AM tower.

    February 4, 1997

      Fayetteville Cellular Telephone Company L.P. (KNKA485)
        MO&O, DA 97-208, 12 FCC Rcd 1385, released February 4, 1997
        PDF | Scanned ] Forfeiture for tower construction near an AM directional array without notice to the AM station. See also the September 26, 1996 NALF, 11 FCC Rcd 12266: [ PDF | Scanned ].

    December 14, 1994

      WBGV (FM), Marlette, MI
        Letter, dated December 14, 1994
        HTML ]. Staff cannot explain why a particular site is preferred by an applicant. Many factors must be considered.

    September 1, 1992

      The Federal Communications Commission Continues to Require Applicants to Use Coordinates Based on the North American Datum of 1927
        Public Notice, 7 FCC Rcd 6096, released September 1, 1992
        HTML ].

    November 14, 1989

      Republication of Standard Broadcast Reradiation and Tower Construction Under Part 22 of the Rules
        Public Notice, 66 RR 2d 1777, released November 14, 1989
        HTML ]. Tower construction under Part 22 near an AM tower.

    March 14, 1988

      FCC Interim Procedure for the Specification of Geographic Coordinates
        Public Notice, 3 FCC Rcd 1478, released March 14, 1988
        HTML ].

    August 11, 1987

      Standard Broadcast Reradiation and Tower Construction Authorized Under Part 22 of the Rules
        Public Notice, 66 RR 2d 1777, released August 11, 1987
        PDF | HTML ]. Tower construction under Part 22, Common Carrier Public Mobile Services, near an AM tower.

    April 5, 1984

      FCC Clarifies Transmitter Site Map Requirements
        Public Notice, released April 5, 1984
        HTML ]. Topographic site maps.

    September 10, 1980

      In re Request by Patton Communications Corporation for Declaratory Ruling
        Declaratory Ruling, FCC 80-533, 81 FCC 2d 336, released September 10, 1980
        PDF | Scanned ]. Pouring concrete footings for a tower prior to grant of a construction permit is NOT preconstruction, and is acceptable.

Next subject Previous subject

Unattended Operation


    February 17, 2004

      Letter to KVEZ (FM), Parker, Arizona
        Letter, released February 17, 2004
        PDF | Word ]. Unauthorized operation does not extend the one year expiration date for silent stations; license deleted.

    May 12, 2003

      Western Wireless Corporation and WWC Holding Co., Inc., Licensee of Cellular Radio Station KNKN343
        Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture, FCC 03-109, 18 FCC Rcd 10319, released May 12, 2003
        PDF | Word ]. Chairman's statement: [ PDF | Word ]. NAL proposes $200,000 fine for operating radio equipment from an unauthorized location that has a significant environmental impact; no Environmental Impact Statement. News Release, May 12, 2003: [ PDF | Word ].

    February 9, 2000

      FM Broadcast Station KNEC, Arnold Broadcasting Corporation
        Forfeiture Order, DA 00-225, 15 FCC Rcd 2704, released February 9, 2000
        Text ]. Petition for reconsideration denied. Having a remote control system is not sufficient: there must also be someone who can operate it. EAS violations.
        MO&O, FCC 01-197, 16 FCC Rcd 13600, released July 5, 2001: [ PDF | Word | Text ]
        MO&O, DA 01-19, released February 5, 2001: [ PDF | Word | Text ]

    September 1997

      Unattended Operation Question and Answer Sheet
        Information Sheet, released September 1997
        HTML | WP5.1 ] Common issues pertaining to unattended operation and remote control.

    October 23, 1995

      Unattended Operation of Broadcast Stations
        R&O, MM Docket 94-130, FCC 95-412, 10 FCC Rcd 11479, released October 23, 1995
        WP5.1 | Text ]

    September 12, 1988

      Clarification of the Commission's Rules Pertaining to Broadcast Station Transmitter Remote Control Operation
        Public Notice, FCC 88-194, 3 FCC Rcd 5695, 53 FR 37762, released September 12, 1988
        PDF ]

    December 2, 1957

      Remote Control Operation of certain Standard, FM and Noncommercial Educational FM Stations
        MO&O, FCC 57-1305, 23 FCC 454, 15 RR 1770a, 53 FR 37762, released December 2, 1957
        PDF ] Broadcast remote control rules in 1957.

Next subject Previous subject

Unauthorized Operation


    July 7, 2005

      Letter re NEW LPFM, Cave Junction, OR
        Letter, FCC 05-1948, released July 7, 2005
        PDF | Word ] Board members for LPFM that were involved with unlicensed, unlawful operations cause LPFM application's dismissal.

    November 5, 2004

      David Michael Oaks
        MO&O, DA 04-3504, released November 5, 2004
        PDF | Word ]. $10,000 fine imposed after repeated warnings for operations above the Part 15 device limits.

    May 12, 2003

      Rayon Sherwin "Junior" Payne Sentenced to Prison for Unlicensed Radio Operation
        News Release, released May 12, 2003
        PDF | Word ]. 9 months imprisonment + 1 year supervised release for unlicensed operations in the Orlando, FL area.

    May 12, 2003

      Fernando Alejandro, Bronx, New York
        Forfeiture Order, DA 03-1535, released May 12, 2003
        PDF | Word ]. Unauthorized operations on 95.1 MHz result in a $10,000 forfeiture.

    May 9, 2003

      Rawlins Charles, Brooklyn, New York
        Forfeiture Order, DA 03-1535, released May 9, 2003
        PDF | Word ]. Unauthorized operations on 96.7 MHz result in a $10,000 forfeiture.

    May 7, 2003

      Omar A. Ebanks, Orlando, FL
        Forfeiture Order, DA 03-1535, released May 9, 2003
        PDF | Word ]. Unauthorized operations on 93.9 MHz result in a $10,000 forfeiture.

    October 24, 2002

      Richard Muñoz, Naples, FL
        Forfeiture Order, DA 02-2793, released October 24, 2002
        PDF | Word | Text ]. Unauthorized operations, even after warnings, bring a $10,000 forfeiture.

    February 9, 2000

      FCC Investigation Leads to Arrest of Unlicensed FM Radio Operator [Brooklyn, NY]
        News Release, , released April 15, 2002
        PDF | Word | Text ] .

    February 8, 2002

      Applications of Leslie D. Brewer for Special Temporary Authority to Operate an Unlicensed FM Broadcast Station [at Temple Terrace, FL]
        MO&O, FCC 02-29, 17 FCC Rcd 2804, released February 8, 2002
        PDF | Word | Text ]. Application for review denied to operate an unlicensed low power FM station. [ Related order ].

    December 14, 2000

      Skywave Electronics, Inc., Rockford, Illinois
        Forfeiture Order, DA 00-2810, 15 FCC Rcd 24660, released December 14, 2000
        PDF | Word | Text ]. Forfeiture for the sale and distribution of FM devices which did not comply with its Grant of Equipment Authorization.

    July 25, 2000

      WRHC Broadcasting Corp., Licensee of Station WRHC (AM), Coral Gables, FL
        Forfeiture Order, DA 00-1637, released July 25, 2000
        Word | Text ]. Operation of an AM station in an unauthorized manner.
        Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture, DA 00-619, 15 FCC Rcd 5551, released March 21, 2000: [ Word | Text ]

    May 31, 2000

      In the Matter of Bay Broadcasting Corporation, KHSN(AM), Coos Bay, OR
        NAL, DA 00-1190, 15 FCC Rcd 9387, released May 31, 2000
        Word | Text ]. Unauthorized STL links and antenna, and station id issue.
        Late filed petition for reconsideration denied: MO&O, DA 00-1701, 15 FCC Rcd 23449, released August 1, 2000: [ Word | Text ]

    May 17, 2000

      FCC Investigation Leads to Arrest of Unlicensed FM Radio Operator [Brooklyn, NY]
        News Release, , released May 17, 2000
        Word | Text ] .

    April 13, 2000

      In the Matter of KNFL, Inc., Tremonton, Utah
        Forfeiture Order, DA 00-848, 15 FCC Rcd 10286, released April 13, 2000
        Word | Text ]. Operation of unlicensed translator station.
        Reconsideration denied, MO&O, DA 00-2285, 15 FCC Rcd 25527, released October 10, 2000: [ Word | Text ]

    April 7, 2000

      James N. Dispoto, Ocala, Florida
        MO&O, DA 00-766, 15 FCC Rcd 10171 released April 7, 2000
        Word | Text ]. Operation of an FM station without a license.

    March 27, 2000

      U.S.A. vs. Any and all Radio Station Transmision Equipment; Radio Frequency Power Amplifiers, Radio Frequency Test Equipment, and any other equipment associated with or used in connection with the transmission at 97.7 MHz" ['The BEAT', Minneapolis, MN]
        [Court Order], Case No. 97-3972 (Eighth Cir. 2000), filed March 27, 2000
        HTML | HTML ].

    March 15, 2000

      Hoosier Broadcasting Corporation (WIRE (FM))
        MO&O, DA 00-571, 15 FCC Rcd 8640, released September 28, 2000
        PDF | Word | Text ] FM antenna mounted at height higher than authorized results in forfeiture; petition for reconsideration denied.
        Forfeiture Order, DA 99-371, 14 FCC Rcd 3356, February 23, 1999: [ WP5.1 | Text ].

    November 23, 1999

      Virginia Man Indicted for Operating An Unlicensed FM Broadcast Station
        News Release, released November 23, 1999
        Word | Text ]. Operation of an FM station without a license.

    October 29, 1999

      Free Speech v. Reno and FCC
        [Court Order], Case No. 99-6083, 200 F.3d 63 (2nd Cir. 1999), decided October 29, 1999
        HTML | HTML  ].

    August 24, 1999

      Florida Criminal Conviction in Unlicensed Radio Case Upheld by U.S. Court of Appeals
        News Release, Report No. GN 99-6, released August 24, 1999
        PDF | HTML ]. The court's order is available through this News Release.

    July 13, 1999

      FCC Closes an Unlicensed Radio Station in Cheboygan, Michigan
        News Release, Report No. CI 99-26, released July 13, 1999
        Word | Text ].

    June 15, 1999

      Jerry Szoka, Cleveland Ohio -- Order to Show Cause Why a Cease and Desist Order Should Not Be Issued

    June 9, 1999

      Joseph Frank Ptak, San Marcos, Texas -- Order to Show Cause Why a Cease and Desist Order Should Not Be Issued

    May 26, 1999

      FCC Seizes Equipment From Unlicensed Radio Station in Lancaster, PA
        News Release, Report No. 99-23, released May 26, 1999
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    May 19, 1999

      FCC Seizes equipment from Unlicensed Radio Station in Wheaton, Maryland
        News Release, Report No. 99-22, released May 19, 1999
        PDF ].

    May 7, 1999

      FCC Closes an Unlicensed Station in Grand Rapids, MI
        News Release, Report No. CI 99-21, released May 7, 1999
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    April 30, 1999

      FCC Seizes Equipment From Houston Unlicensed Radio Station
        News Release, Report No. CI 99-18, released April 30, 1999
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Attachment to News Release: [ PDF ].

    April 28, 1999

      FCC Closes an Unlicensed Station in Brooklyn, NY
        News Release, Report No. CI 99-17, released April 28, 1999
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    March 22, 1999

      U.S. District Court Issues Injunction Against Unlicensed New York City Radio Station
        News Release, Report No. CI 99-14, released March 22, 1999
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    March 15, 1999

      Andre Dominique Hunter, Pembroke Pines, FL
        Forfeiture Order, DA 99-500, 15 FCC Rcd 10023, released March 15, 1999
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    March 4, 1999

      FCC Closes an Unlicensed Radio Station in Canyon Lake, Texas
        News Release, Report No. CI 99-12, released March 4, 1999
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    March 1, 1999

      Mr. Mark A. Fulling, Garden City, Kansas
        Forfeiture Order, DA 99-411, 15 FCC Rcd 4454, released March 1, 1999
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    February 26, 1999

      USA v. Any and All Radio Station Transmitting Equipment et. al.
        [Court Order], Case No. 97-3972, 8th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals, filed February 26, 1999
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. Re: Alan Fried, "The BEAT", Minneapolis, MN
        [Related item]

    February 23, 1999

      FCC Closes an Unlicensed Radio Station in Howell, Michigan
        News Release, Report No. CI 99-9, released February 23, 1999
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    February 19, 1999

      Domingo Del Valle, Tampa, Florida 33619
        Forfeiture Order, DA 99-356, 15 FCC Rcd 4274, released February 19, 1999
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    February 18, 1999

      FCC Closes an Unlicensed Radio Station in Oakland Park, FL
        News Release, Report No. CI 99-8, released February 18, 1999
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    February 8, 1999

      FCC Closes an Unlicensed Radio Station in Palm Beach Gardens, FL
        News Release, Report No. CI 99-6, released February 8, 1999
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    December 23, 1998

      Keith Perry, Leander, TX
        Cease and Desist Order and Forfeiture Order, CIB Docket No. 98-46, FCC 98-327, 14 FCC Rcd 1263, released December 23, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    December 22, 1998

      Edwin Raices & Andres Rivera Regis, Detroit, MI
        MO&O, DA 98-2581, 13 FCC Rcd 24210, released December 22, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    December 16, 1998

      FCC Shuts Down 19 Unlicensed Radio Stations in Miami Area
        News Release, Report No. CI 98-30, released December 16, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    December 11, 1998

      FCC Closes an Unlicensed Radio Station in Gainesville
        News Release, Report No. CI 98-29, released December 11, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    December 11, 1998

      Lewis B. Arnold, Chewelah, WA
        Cease and Desist Order and Forfeiture Order, CIB Docket No. 98-45, FCC 98-326, released December 11, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Prior 4/6/98 Order. ]

    December 11, 1998

      Mark A. Rabenold, Oroville, WA,
        Cease and Desist Order and Forfeiture Order, CIB Docket No. 98-47, FCC 98-325, 14 FCC Rcd 1261, released December 11, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Prior Order. ]

    November 9, 1998

      FCC Closes an Unlicensed Radio Station in Pittsburgh
        News Release, Report No. CI 98-20, released December 11, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    October 16, 1998

      FCC Closes an Unlicensed Radio Station in Detroit
        News Release, Report No. CI 98-19, released October 16, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    October 5, 1998

      Letter re: Request for an Experimental FM Broadcast Station, Brookline, MA
        Letter, released October 5, 1998
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. Request denied to operate (as an experimental station) a new station in the FM band.

    September 29, 1998

      FCC Closes an Unlicensed Radio Station in Memphis
        News Release, Report No. CI 98-18, released September 29, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    August 28, 1998

      FCC Closes Four Unlicensed Radio Stations in Cleveland
        News Release, Report No. CI 98-15, released August 28, 1998
        HTML | WP5.1 ].

    August 18, 1998

      FCC Closes Down 15 Unlicensed Radio Stations in Miami Area
        News Release, Report No. CI 98-13, released August 18, 1998
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. En Español: [ HTML ]

    July 10, 1998

      Unlicensed La Nueva Radio Musical, New Haven, CT
        News Release, DA 98-1423, dated July 10, 1998
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. Request for "waiver of Commission regulations" to allow an unlicensed operation was denied.

    July 7, 1998

      Howell Township, NJ Pirate Radio Operator Enjoined From Operating Without a License
        News Release, Report No. CI 98-11, released July 7, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    July 6, 1998

    June 29, 1998

      Tioga, ND Pirate Radio Station Permanently Enjoined By Court From Operating Without a License
        News Release, , released June 29, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    June 16, 1998

      United States v. Dunifer
        Summary Judgement and Permanent Injunction, No. C 94-03542 CW (N.D. Cal., June 16, 1998). , June 16, 1998
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. The Court's actions are summarized in the News Release, Report No. G-10, released June 17, 1998, entitled U.S. District Court Upholds FCC Radio Licensing Authority; Issues Injunction Against Unlicensed Broadcaster Stephen Dunifer: [ HTML ]. See also the earlier 1995 FCC decision..

    June 24, 1998

      Federal Communications Commission Announces Enforcement Action Closing a Philadelphia Unlicensed Radio Station
        News Release, Report No. CIB 98-10, released June 24, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    June 24, 1998

      Letter to Unlicensed Radio Mutiny
        Letter, dated June 24, 1998
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. Request for waiver of Commission regulations to permit operation of an unlicensed station was denied.

    May 28, 1998

      Letter re: NEW, STA Request, Brookline, MA
        Letter, dated May 28 ,1998
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. STA request for a new low power noncommercial educational FM station was denied.

    May 28, 1998

      Letter re: Unlicensed Radio Alcance, Orlando, FL
        Letter, dated May 28 ,1998
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. STA request for a new low power FM station was denied.

    May 28, 1998

      Letter re: Unlicensed WFMA, Radio Marantha, Orlando, FL
        Letter, dated May 28 ,1998
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. STA request for a new low power FM station was denied.

    May 13, 1998

      Frank J. Bartholomew, Fredericksburg, PA
        Forfeiture Order, DA 98-897, 13 FCC Rcd 13160 dated May 13 ,1998
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Unlicensed station operation.
        Forfeiture not reduced, MO&O, DA 99-527, released March 18, 1999: [ WP5.1 | Text ]

    May 5, 1998

      FCC Closes Unlicensed Detroit Radio Station
        News Release, Report No. CI 98-8, released May 5, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    April 15, 1998

      FCC Closes Down Unlicensed Radio Operation in Cleveland Causing Interference to Public Radio Station
        News Release, Report No. CI 98-5, released April 15, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    April 14, 1998

      Seizure of Equipment in Florida Used in Unlicensed Radio Broadcasting Case
        News Release, Report No. CI 98-8, released April 14, 1998
        PDF ].

    April 7, 1998

      Letter re: Unlicensed FM "Radio Impacto", Orlando, FL
        Letter, dated April 7, 1998
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. STA request for a new low power FM station was denied.

    April 7, 1998

      Letter re: Unlicensed FM "Radio Amor, Poder y Gracia", Tampa, FL
        Letter, dated April 7, 1998
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. STA request to continue operation of an unlicensed low power FM station was denied. [ Related item ].

    April 6, 1998

      FCC Issues Hearing Notices to Five Unlicensed FM Radio Operators
        News Release, Report No. CI 98-4, released April 6, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    April 6, 1998

      Joseph Frank Ptak, San Marcos, Texas -- Order to Show Cause Why a Cease and Desist Order Should Not Be Issued
        Order to Show Cause and Notice of Opportunity for Hearing, CIB Docket 98-44, FCC 98-60, 13 FCC Rcd 10614, 63 FR 26598, released April 6, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ]. [Previous decision.]

    April 6, 1998

      Lewis B. Arnold, Chewelah, WA -- Order to Show Cause Why a Cease and Desist Order Should Not Be Issued
        Order to Show Cause and Notice of Opportunity for Hearing, CIB Docket 98-44, FCC 98-60, , 63 FR 26595, released April 6, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ]. [Later Order.]

    April 6, 1998

      Keith Perry, Leander, TX -- Order to Show Cause Why a Cease and Desist Order Should Not Be Issued
        Order to Show Cause and Notice of Opportunity for Hearing, CIB Docket 98-46, FCC 98-62, , 63 FR 26596, released April 6, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    April 6, 1998

      Mark A. Rabenold, Oroville, WA -- Order to Show Cause Why a Cease and Desist Order Should Not Be Issued
        Order to Show Cause and Notice of Opportunity for Hearing, CIB Docket 98-47, FCC 98-63, , 63 FR 26599, released April 6, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ]. [Later Order.]

    April 6, 1998

      Jerry Szoka, Cleveland, Ohio -- Order to Show Cause Why a Cease and Desist Order Should Not Be Issued
        Order to Show Cause and Notice of Opportunity for Hearing, CIB Docket 98-48, FCC 98-64, , 63 FR 26601, released April 6, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ]. [Later Order.]

    April 7, 1998

      Letter re: Unlicensed KAW" (FM), Lawrence, KS
        Letter, dated April 7, 1998
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. Request for waivers to permit a new unlicensed low power FM station was denied.

    March 20, 1998

      FCC Closes Down Unlicensed Radio Operation That Threatened Air Safety at Sacramento Airport; Fourth Airport Interference Incident in Five Months
        News Release, Report No. CI 98-3, released March 20, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Unlicensed operation causes EMI.

    March 11, 1998

      Edwin Valentin d/b/a Musical Radio, Pontiac, MI
        Notice of Forfeiture, DA 98-487, 13 FCC Rcd 5099, 63 FR 26601, released March 11, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].
        MO&O, FCC 00-82, released March 9, 2000 affirmed forfeitures: [ Word | Text ]

    March 5, 1998

      Edwin Raices, Anders Rivera Regis d/b/a/ R&R Communications
        Forfeiture Order, DA 98-428, 13 FCC Rcd 4656, released March 11, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ].
        Erratum, released March 5, 1998 [ Word | Text ]
        Later MO&O ].

    February 26, 1998

      Florida Criminal Conviction in Unlicensed Radio Broadcasting Case
        News Release, released February 26, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Conviction upheld.
        See also News Release, Report No. CI 97-9, released September 12, 1997, Commission Wins Summary Judgment Against Unlicensed Radio Operator: [ Text ]

    February 6, 1998

      Unlicensed Radio Operation in Puerto Rico Endangering Air Safety Communications at San Juan International Airport Shut Down by FCC
        News Release, Report No. CI 98-1, released February 6, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Unlicensed operation caused EMI.

    November 7, 1997

      Federal Communications Commission Conficates Equipment from Unlicensed Radio Operation [Kansas City, MO]
        News Release, released November 7, 1997
        WP5.1 | Text ].

    February 6, 1998

      Unlicensed Radio Operation in Puerto Rico Endangering Air Safety Communications at San Juan International Airport Shut Down by FCC
        News Release, Report No. CI 97-8, released February 6, 1998
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Unlicensed operation caused EMI.

    October 24, 1997

      FCC Closes Down Unlicensed Radio Operators That Were Threatening Air Safety at Two Florida Airports
        News Release, Report No. CI 97-12, released October 24, 1997
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Unlicensed operation causes EMI.

    September 25, 1997

      FCC Closes Down Unlicensed Radio Operator [Sacramento, CA]
        News Release, released September 25, 1997
        Text ]. "Community Power Radio", Sacramento, CA

    September 10, 1997

    August 22, 1997

      FCC Shuts Down Unlicensed Radio Operation in Fort Walton Beach, FL
        News Release, Report No. CI 97-7, released August 22, 1997
        Text ]. "The BEAT", Minneapols, MN. [ Related item] ]

    August 2, 1995

    March 11, 1994

      Andrew R. Yoder, Chambersburg, PA
        MO&O, 9 FCC Rcd 6927, released March 11, 1994
        WP5.1 | Text ]. Re: forfeiture for operating an unlicensed station.

    November 30, 1993

      Letter re: NEW (FM); Punta Gorda, FL
        Letter, dated November 30, 1993
        HTML | WP5.1 ]. Request for "special permission" to operate a low power FM station was not granted.

    September 10, 1980

      In re Request by Patton Communications Corporation for Declaratory Ruling
        Declaratory Ruling, FCC 80-533, 81 FCC 2d 336, released September 10, 1980
        PDF | Scanned ]. Pouring concrete footings for a tower prior to grant of a construction permit is NOT preconstruction, and is acceptable.

    December 18, 1968

      B&W Truck Service
        Letter, FCC 68-1209, 15 FCC 2d 769, dated December 18, 1968
        PDF ]. New tower caused distortion of KCRC (AM) directional pattern; B&W Truck Service was ordered to fix the problem.

    February 13, 1974

      Waiver of Part 15 [to operate] a Low Power Communication Device in the AM Broadcast Band
        Order, released February 13, 1974
        PDF ] Request for waiver of Part 15 to exceed the emissions limits in that Part was denied.

    August 31, 1931

      Radio Service Bulletin, August 31, 1927
        Bulletin, released August 31, 1931
        PDF ] Reference to the Federal Radio Commission winning a decision against an unlicensed operator: $2,000 fine and a three-year suspended sentence. Page 14.

First subject Previous subject

Worksheets

    September 22, 1997

      Special Supplement to Renewal Booklet Concerning Question 6, Section II of FCC Form 303-S and Appendix C
        Supplement, released September 22, 1997
        WP5.1 ].
        This document will be revised before the next renewal cycle begins in 2003.

Engineering Subjects -- Legal Subjects
Combined Subject List



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