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FMpower ERP and FM Station Class Calculations

This program uses the FM propagation curves program to calculate the effective radiated power (ERP) needed to achieve the maximum (reference) facilities for a given FM station class. Only three pieces of information are required to use this program -- the U.S. state of interest, the station class, and the antenna height above average terrain (HAAT). The HAAT for a particular FM station may be found via the FM Query.

For example, the program will tell you that 4.1 kW ERP at 122 meters HAAT is equivalent to reference Class A facilities of 6.0 kW ERP at 100 meters HAAT. Reference parameters for the various classes are specified in 47 CFR 73.211 and may be viewed at FM Station Classes page. Options are also available for 3.0 kW ERP / 100 meter HAAT Class A stations, as well as for existing grandfathered short-spaced Class A stations covered by the provisions of 47 CFR 73.213(c).

For shorter antenna heights, the equivalent ERP will often be larger than the maximum permitted ERP for the station class. In such cases, a warning message will be posted. In practical terms, this means that coverage equivalent to the reference facilities for the station class cannot be obtained with the given HAAT. (This also illustrates the importance of antenna height on coverage for FM and TV facilities.)

Equivalence between FM facilities is made by comparing the distances to the 60 dBu (1 mV/m) F(50,50) service contour. The sole exception to this practice is for those grandfathered Class A stations covered by rule section 47 CFR 73.213(c). For such stations, equivalence is determined by comparing the 34 dBu F(50,10) interfering contour if the HAAT is below the class reference HAAT of 100 meters, or by comparing the 60 dBu contours if the HAAT is 100 meters or more.

    6 kW Class A
    3 kW Class A
    3 kW Class A / Section 73.213(c) grandfathered stations
    Class B1
    Class B
    Class C3
    Class C2
    Class C1
    Class C0 (C-zero)
    Class C
    Class D
    100 watt LPFM
    10 watt LPFM

    : meters


The original FMPOWER program was written by Gary Kalagian.
Adapted for Internet use by Dale Bickel in March 1999.


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