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Federal Communications Commission
Washington, D.C. 20554
In the Matter of )
DATA INVESTMENTS, INC. )
d/b/a STAR COMMUNICATIONS )
Licensee of Paging Stations KNKC938 )
KNKJ977, KNKC272 and KNKC934 ) File No. EB-00-TS-
Cape Girardeau, Missouri ) NAL/Acct.
NOTICE OF APPARENT LIABILITY FOR FORFEITURE
Adopted: November 27, 2000 Released:
November 29, 2000
By the Chief, Enforcement Bureau:
1. In this Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture, we
find that Data Investments, Inc., d/b/a Star Communications (Star
Communications), operated paging systems without Commission
authorization, in apparent violation of Section 301 of the
Communications Act of 1934 (``Act'')1, as amended, and Section
22.3 of the Commission's Rules (``Rules'').2 We conclude that
Star Communications is apparently liable for a forfeiture in the
amount of five thousand dollars ($5,000).
2. Star Communications' authorization for Public Mobile
Radio Stations KNKC938, KNKJ977, KNKC272 and KNKC934, expired on
April 1, 1999. On December 27, 1999, Star Communications filed
applications for renewal of the authorizations for the stations
and requested the waiver of Section 1.949 of the Commissions
Rules.3 Star Communications' waiver request indicates that Star
Communications apparently operated paging facilities without
authorization between April 1, 1999 and December 27, 1999. On
March 20, 2000, the Commission granted Star Communications'
waiver request and reinstated its authority to operate Stations
KNKC938, KNKJ977, KNKC272 and KNKC934.
3. Section 301 of the Act sets forth the general mandate
that no person shall use or operate any apparatus for the
transmission of energy or communications or signals by radio
within the United States except under and in accordance with the
Act and with a license. Section 22.3 of the Commission's Rules
provides, in pertinent part, that stations in the Public Mobile
Service must be operated with a valid Commission authorization.
We conclude that Star Communications operated paging stations
without valid licenses between April 1, 1999, and December 27,
1999, in apparent willful and repeated violation of Section 301
of the Communications Act and Section 22.3 of the Rules.
5. The Commission has stated that ``The Wireless Bureau,
after reviewing all the facts and circumstances concerning the
late filing of [a] renewal application, may, in its discretion,
also initiate enforcement action against the licensee for . . .
unauthorized operation. . . .'' 4 In addition, the Commission
stated that applications for renewal received more than 30 days
after expiration of the license may lead to ``more significant
fines or forfeitures.''5 In this case, Star Communications
operated without valid licenses and filed renewal applications
after the licenses expired.
6. The guidelines contained in the Commission's Forfeiture
Policy Statement, 12 FCC Rcd 17087, 17113 (1997), recon. denied,
15 FCC Rcd 303 (1999), specify a base forfeiture amount of
$10,000 for operation without an instrument of authorization for
the service. Section 503(b)(2)(D) of the Act6 requires the
Commission to consider ``the nature, circumstances, extent and
gravity of the violation, and, with respect to the violator, the
degree of culpability, any history of prior offenses, ability to
pay, and such other matters as justice may require.'' In this
case, Star Communications failed to file applications for renewal
and operated paging stations under circumstances where the
Commission has envisioned ``more significant fines or
forfeitures'' for violations in excess of 30 days. On the other
hand, Star Communications had previously been licensed, so this
is not comparable to ``pirate'' wireless operations, which
typically have been subject to forfeitures of approximately
$10,000.7 Taking these facts into consideration and all of the
factors required by Section 503(b)(2)(D) of the Act and the
Forfeiture Policy Statement, we conclude that a forfeiture of
$5,000 is warranted.
IV. Ordering Clauses
7. Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED THAT, pursuant to Section
503(b) of the Act8 and Sections 0.111, 0.311 and 1.80 of the
Rules9, Star Communications is hereby NOTIFIED of its APPARENT
LIABILITY FOR A FORFEITURE in the amount of $5,000 for violation
of Section 301 of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended, and
Section 22.3 of the Commission's Rules. The amount specified was
determined after consideration of the factors set forth in
Section 503(b)(2)(D) of the Act, 47 U.S.C. § 503(b)(2)(D) and the
guidelines enumerated in the Forfeiture Policy Statement.
8. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED THAT, pursuant to Section 1.80 of
the Commission's Rules, within thirty days of the release of this
NOTICE OF APPARENT LIABILITY, Star Communications SHALL PAY the
full amount of the proposed forfeiture or SHALL FILE a written
statement seeking reduction or cancellation of the proposed
9. Payment of the forfeiture may be made by a check, or
similar instrument, payable to the order of the Federal
Communications Commission, to the Forfeiture Collection Section,
Finance Branch, Federal Communications Commission, P.O. Box
73482, Chicago, Illinois 60673-7482. The payment should note the
NAL/Acct. No.:????? 200132100008.
10. The response, if any, must be mailed to Federal
Communications Commission, Enforcement Bureau, Technical and
Public Safety Division, 445 12th Street, SW, Washington, D.C.
20554, Ref: EB-00-TS-146; NAL/Acct. No.: 200132100008.
11. The Commission will not consider reducing or canceling
a forfeiture in response to a claim of inability to pay unless
the petitioner submits: (1) federal tax returns for the most
recent three-year period; (2) financial statements prepared
according to generally accepted accounting practices (``GAAP'');
or (3) some other reliable and objective documentation that
accurately reflects the petitioner's current financial status.
Any claim of inability to pay must specifically identify the
basis for the claim by reference to the financial documentation
12. Requests for payment of the full amount of this Notice
of Apparent Liability under an installment plan should be sent
to: Chief, Credit and Debt Management Center, 445 12th Street,
SW, Washington, D.C. 20554.10
13. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED THAT this notice shall be sent,
by certified mail, return receipt requested, to Timothy J.
Singleton, Data Investments, Inc., d/b/a Star Communications,
P.O. Box 537, Cape Girardeau, Missouri 63702-0537.
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
David H. Solomon
Chief, Enforcement Bureau
1 47 U.S.C. § 301.
2 47 C.F.R. § 22.3.
3 47 C.F.R. § 1.949. This Section provides , in pertinent part,
that ``Applications for renewal of authorizations in the Wireless
Radio Services must be filed no later than the expiration date of
the authorization for which renewal is
sought. . . .''
4 The enforcement responsibilities of the Wireless
Telecommunications Bureau are now with the Enforcement Bureau.
See 47 C.F.R. § 0.111.
5 Biennial Regulatory Review -- Amendment of Parts 0, 1, 13,
22, 24, 26, 27, 80, 87, 90, 95, 97, and 101 of the Commission's
Rules to Facilitate the Development and Use of the Universal
Licensing System in the Wireless Telecommunications Services,
Memorandum Opinion and Order upon reconsideration, 14 FCC Rcd
11476, 11485-11486 (1999).
6 47 U.S.C. §503(b)(2)(D).
7 See, e.g., Jean R. Jonassaint, 15 FCC Rcd 10422 (Enf. Bur.
8 47 U.S.C. § 503(b).
9 47 C.F.R. §§ 0.111, 0.311, and 1.80.
10 See 47 C.F.R. § 1.1914