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Federal Communications Commission
Washington, D.C. 20554
In the Matter of File Number EB-07-RC-006
Boscov's, Inc. NAL/Acct. No. 200832200001
Reading, PA FRN: 0014150338
NOTICE OF APPARENT LIABILITY FOR FORFEITURE
Adopted: October 15, 2007 Released: October 15, 2007
By the Chief, Enforcement Bureau:
1. In this Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture ("NAL"), we find
that Boscov's, Inc. ("Boscov's") apparently willfully and repeatedly
violated Section 15.117(k) of the Commission's Rules ("Rules") by
failing to place the required Consumer Alert label immediately
adjacent to and clearly associated with television receiving equipment
that contains an analog broadcast television tuner but does not
contain a digital broadcast television tuner (hereinafter "analog-only
tuner") that it displayed or offered for sale or rent. We conclude,
pursuant to Section 503(b) of the Communications Act of 1934, as
amended ("Act"), that Boscov's is apparently liable for a forfeiture
in the amount of sixteen thousand dollars ($16,000).
2. Congress has established February 17, 2009 as the deadline for the end
of analog transmissions for full power television stations. The
Commission is statutorily obligated to promote the orderly transition
to digital television, "a critical step in the evolution of broadcast
television." As we stated previously, "[w]e are committed to ensuring
the rapid completion of that transition in a way that delivers the
greatest possible benefits to the viewing public." As part of that
commitment and in light of the upcoming deadline, we recently
announced that "it is necessary and appropriate to require retailers
to provide consumers with information regarding this transition date
at the point of sale." We reached this conclusion after determining
that consumer electronics industry efforts had not adequately informed
consumers how analog-only television equipment purchased now will
function when the transition to digital broadcasting ends.
3. To ensure that consumers do not inadvertently buy analog-only
television equipment without understanding that such devices will not
be capable of receiving off-the-air television reception of digital
signals after analog broadcasting ends unless connected to a
digital-to-analog converter or a digital subscription service, we
adopted rules requiring anyone that sells, offers for sale, or rents
television receiving equipment that does not contain a digital
television ("DTV") tuner to display a Consumer Alert at the point of
sale. This requirement also applies to the sale or rent of analog-only
television receiving equipment via direct mail, catalog, or electronic
means (e.g., the Internet). These requirements are contained in
Section 15.117(k) of the Rules, which became effective on May 25,
4. Section 15.117(k)(3) of the Rules requires that the Consumer Alert
contain the following language:
This television receiver has only an analog broadcast tuner and
will require a converter box after February 17, 2009, to receive
over-the-air broadcasts with an antenna because of the Nation's
transition to digital broadcasting. Analog-only TVs should
continue to work as before with cable and satellite TV services,
gaming consoles, VCRs, DVD players, and similar products. For more
information, call the Federal Communications Commission at
1-888-225-5322 (TTY: 1-888-835-5322) or visit the Commission's
digital television website at: www.dtv.gov.
The Consumer Alert must be in a size of type large enough to be clear,
conspicuous and readily legible, consistent with the dimensions of the
equipment and the label. The alert either must be printed on a
transparent material and affixed to the screen, in a manner that is
removable by the consumer and does not obscure the picture when
displayed for sale, or displayed separately immediately adjacent to
each television receiver offered for sale and clearly associated with
the analog-only model to which it pertains. In the case of other
analog-only video devices that do not include a display (e.g., VCRs,
DVD players), the Consumer Alert must be in a prominent location on
the device, such as on the top or front, or displayed separately
immediately adjacent to and clearly associated with the analog-only
model to which it pertains. To the extent that any persons display or
offer for sale or rent via direct mail, catalog, or electronic means
analog-only television receiving equipment, they must prominently
display the Consumer Alert as part of all advertisements or
descriptions of such television receiving equipment, in clear and
conspicuous print, and in close proximity to any images or
descriptions of such equipment.
5. Immediately after the rule became effective, the Commission's
Enforcement Bureau began inspecting hundreds of stores throughout
the country, as well as dozens of popular retailer websites, and
observed many models of analog-only television receiving
equipment on display without the required Consumer Alert labels.
On June 11, 2007, the Enforcement Bureau issued a Citation to
Boscov's for offering for sale television receiving equipment
having an analog-only tuner without displaying the required
Consumer Alert in close proximity. After affording Boscov's a
reasonable opportunity to respond to the Citation, agents and
investigators from the Enforcement Bureau began inspecting
numerous additional Boscov's stores on July 16, 2007 in various
states and once again observed in one Boscov's store television
receiving equipment with analog-only tuners on display without
the required Consumer Alert labels.
6. Under Section 503(b)(1) of the Act, any person who is determined
by the Commission to have willfully or repeatedly failed to
comply with any provision of the Act or any rule, regulation, or
order issued by the Commission shall be liable to the United
States for a forfeiture penalty. Section 312(f)(1) of the Act
defines willful as "the conscious and deliberate commission or
omission of [any] act, irrespective of any intent to violate" the
law. The legislative history to Section 312(f)(1) of the Act
clarifies that this definition of willful applies to both
Sections 312 and 503(b) of the Act and the Commission has so
interpreted the term in imposing forfeitures pursuant to Section
503(b). The Commission may also assess a forfeiture for
violations that are merely repeated, and not willful. "Repeated"
means that the act was committed or omitted more than once, or
lasts more than one day. To impose such a forfeiture penalty, the
Commission must issue a notice of apparent liability and the
person against whom the notice has been issued must have an
opportunity to show, in writing, why no such forfeiture penalty
should be imposed. The Commission will then issue a forfeiture if
it finds by a preponderance of the evidence that the person has
violated the Act or a Commission rule. As we set forth below, we
conclude under this standard that Boscov's is apparently liable
for forfeiture for its apparent willful and repeated violations
of Section 15.117(k) of the Commission's rules.
7. Based on the evidence before us, we find that Boscov's apparently
willfully and repeatedly violated Section 15.117(k) of the Rules
by failing to display conspicuously and in close proximity to
equipment with an analog-only tuner, in clear and conspicuous
print, the required Consumer Alert label. Specifically, as
detailed in Attachment A, agents and investigators from the
Enforcement Bureau observed a number of different models of
television receiving equipment having only an analog-only tuner
on display in one Boscov's store without the required Consumer
Alert labels. Boscov's previously received one Citation for this
same type of conduct prior to the agents' inspection.
8. Under Section 503(b)(2)(D) of the Act, we may assess an entity
that is neither a common carrier, broadcast licensee or cable
operator a forfeiture of up to $11,000 for each violation or each
day of a continuing violation, up to a statutory maximum
forfeiture of $97,500 for any single continuing violation. In
exercising such authority, we must take into account "the nature,
circumstances, extent, and gravity of the violation and, with
respect to the violator, the degree of culpability, any history
of prior offenses, ability to pay, and such other matters as
justice may require."
9. The Commission's Forfeiture Policy Statement and Section 1.80 of
the Rules do not establish a specific base forfeiture for
violation of the analog-only tuner labeling requirements. In
adopting the Consumer Alert labeling requirements, the Commission
stated that "[a]ccurate communication of this impending change is
a highly material disclosure for consumers contemplating the
purchase of a television." We also noted that it is a matter of
public safety for consumers who rely on analog-only televisions
to obtain critical emergency information.
10. Similar issues arose regarding labeling requirements for wireless
hearing aid-compatible handsets. In those cases, the Enforcement
Bureau established a base forfeiture amount of $8,000 per handset
model that failed to comply with the labeling requirements. The
labeling requirements for wireless hearing aid-compatible
handsets and the analog-only tuner labeling requirements both
serve the important goal of ensuring that consumers have access
to necessary information. In light of the similarities in these
labeling requirements, we conclude that a $8,000 base forfeiture
amount per unlabeled model or device in each store where Bureau
agents and investigators observed a violation is appropriate for
apparent violations of Section 15.117(k).
11. We find that, on July 19, 2007, as detailed in Attachment A, even
after receiving a Citation warning of violations in one of its
stores, Boscov's displayed two models of equipment with an
analog-only tuner in one Boscov's store without the required
Consumer Alert label. As a result, Boscov's continued to market
television receiving equipment to consumers without adequately
warning that the equipment contained an analog-only television
receiver. Those consumers may not learn of their equipment's
limitations until the analog-only devices cease to receive
over-the-air television signals, long after any period for
returning the equipment has expired. This scenario is precisely
the outcome that our rule was intended to prevent. Applying the
analysis set forth above to the facts of this case, we conclude
that Boscov's is apparently liable for a $16,000 base
IV. ORDERING CLAUSES
12. Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED that, pursuant to Section 503(b) of
the Communications Act of 1934, as amended, and Section 1.80 of
the Commission's Rules, Boscov's Inc., is hereby NOTIFIED of this
APPARENT LIABILITY FOR A FORFEITURE in the amount of sixteen
thousand dollars ($16,000) for violations of Section 15.117(k) of
13. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that, pursuant to Section 1.80 of the
Commission's Rules within thirty days of the release date of this
Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture, Boscov's, Inc. SHALL
PAY the full amount of the proposed forfeiture or SHALL FILE a
written statement seeking reduction or cancellation of the
14. Payment of the forfeiture must be made by check or similar
instrument, payable to the order of the Federal Communications
Commission. The payment must include the NAL/Acct. No. and FRN
No. referenced above. Payment by check or money order may be
mailed to Federal Communications Commission, P.O.
Box 358340, Pittsburgh, PA 15251-8340. Payment by overnight mail
may be sent to Mellon Bank /LB 358340, 500 Ross Street, Room
1540670, Pittsburgh, PA 15251. Payment by wire transfer may be
made to ABA Number 043000261, receiving bank Mellon Bank, and
account number 911-6106.
15. The response, if any, must be mailed to Federal Communications
Commission, Enforcement Bureau, and must include the NAL/Acct.
No. referenced in the caption.
16. The Commission will not consider reducing or canceling a
forfeiture in response to a claim of inability to pay unless the
petitioner submits: (1) federal tax returns for the most recent
three-year period; (2) financial statements prepared according to
generally accepted accounting practices ("GAAP"); or (3) some
other reliable and objective documentation that accurately
reflects the petitioner's current financial status. Any claim of
inability to pay must specifically identify the basis for the
claim by reference to the financial documentation submitted.
17. Requests for payment of the full amount of this Notice of
Apparent Liability for Forfeiture under an installment plan
should be sent to: Associate Managing Director, Financial
Operations, 445 12th Street, S.W., Room 1A625, Washington, D.C.
18. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that a copy of this Notice of Apparent
Liability for Forfeiture shall be sent by Certified Mail, Return
Receipt Requested, and regular mail, to Boscov's, Inc. at its
address of record.
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
Kris Anne Monteith
Chief, Enforcement Bureau
PROPOSED FORFEITURE AMOUNTS
1. July 19, 2007, Boscov's, Scranton, PA
Manufacturer Device Model # Forfeiture Amount
Samsung DVD DVD-R130 $8,000
Sony DVD/VCR SLV-D570H $8,000
Boscov's Total Proposed Forfeiture: $16,000
47 C.F.R. S: 15.117(k).
47 U.S.C. S: 503(b).
2002 Biennial Regulatory Review, Report and Order and Notice of
Proposed Rulemaking, 18 FCC Rcd 13620, 13825 P: 532 (2003).
Second Periodic Review of the Commission's Rules and Policies
Affecting the Conversion To Digital Television, Second Report and
Order, 22 FCC Rcd 8776 P: 1 (2007) ("Second DTV Periodic Report and
Id. at P: 10.
Second DTV Periodic Report and Order at P: 14. See 47 C.F.R. S:
15.117(k). In the Second DTV Periodic Report and Order, the Commission
defined "point of sale" as the "place where televisions are displayed
for consumers prior to purchase." See Second DTV Periodic Report and
Order at n.29.
Second Periodic Review in the Commission's Rules and Policies
Affecting the Conversion to Digital Television, 72 Fed. Reg. 28894-01
(May 23, 2007).
47 C.F.R. S: 15.117(k)(1).
47 C.F.R. S: 15.117(k)(2).
Boscov's Department Stores, LLC, Citation No. C20073240018 (Enf. Bur.
Philadelphia Office, rel. June 11, 2007, 2007).
Boscov's responded to the Citation by letter dated June 13, 2007. See
Letter from Jack Roach, Senior Vice President, Director of Risk
Management/Loss Prevention to Gene Stanbro, District Director,
Philadelphia Office, Northeast Region, Enforcement Bureau, dated June
See Attachment A for a listing of the store visited and the models
observed at that store. Enforcement Bureau staff determined that
these models had analog-only tuners by consulting the manufacturer's
47 U.S.C. S: 503(b)(1)(B); 47 C.F.R. S: 1.80(a)(2).
47 U.S.C. S: 312(f)(1).
H.R. Rep. No. 97-765, 97th Cong. 2d Sess. 51 (1982).
See, e.g., Application for Review of Southern California Broadcasting
Co., Memorandum Opinion and Order, 6 FCC Rcd 4387, 4388 (1991)
("Southern California Broadcasting Co.").
See, e.g., Callais Cablevision, Inc., Grand Isle, Louisiana, Notice of
Apparent Liability for Monetary Forfeiture, 16 FCC Rcd 1359, 1362, P:
10 (2001) ("Callais Cablevision") (issuing a Notice of Apparent
Liability for, inter alia, a cable television operator's repeated
Southern California Broadcasting Co., 6 FCC Rcd at 4388, P: 5; Callais
Cablevision, Inc., 16 FCC Rcd at 1362, P: 9.
47 U.S.C. S: 503(b); 47 C.F.R. S: 1.80(f).
See, e.g., SBC Communications, Inc., Forfeiture Order, 17 FCC Rcd
7589, 7591, P: 4 (2002) (forfeiture paid).
Attachment A lists the date of the Enforcement Bureau inspection, the
analog-only models identified in violation of Section 15.117(k), as
well as the Boscov's stores involved.
Section 503(b)(5) states that no forfeiture liability shall be
determined against any person who does not hold a license, permit,
certificate, or other authorization issued by the Commission unless,
prior to issuance of any Notice of Apparent Liability, such person is
"(A) sent a citation of the violation charged; (B) is given a
reasonable opportunity for a personal interview with an official of
the Commission at the field office of the Commission which is nearest
to such person's place of residence; and (C) subsequently engages in
conduct of the type described in such citation." 47 U.S.C. S:
503(b)(5). The apparent violations discussed in this NAL are subject
to forfeiture because we afforded Boscov's a reasonable opportunity
for a personal interview or to submit a written response to its first
Citation before conducting a second round of inspections that would
count towards potential forfeiture liability. See supra para. 5 and
notes 12, 13. To the extent that the television receiving models
involved in this NAL differ from those listed in the June 11, 2007
Citation, no additional citations are necessary because the more
recent apparent violations are "conduct of the type described" in the
earlier Citation - violations of Section 15.117(k). See HighTech CB
Shop, Forfeiture Order, 20 FCC Rcd 12514, 12516 P: 9 (Enf. Bur. South
Central Region 2005), recon. denied, 20 FCC Rcd 19269 (Enf. Bur.
2005). In any event, the requirements of Section 503(b)(5) do not
apply to Boscov's , which is a Commission licensee and therefore
subject to forfeiture under Section 503(b)(2) of the Act without first
receiving notice via a citation. See, e.g., Station WPIY496, licensed
to Boscov's in the Industrial/Business Pool Private Land Mobile
47 U.S.C. S: 503(b)(2)(D). The Commission twice amended Section
1.80(b)(3) of the Rules, 47 C.F.R. S: 1.80(b)(3), to increase the
maximum forfeiture amounts, in accordance with the inflation
adjustment requirements contained in the Debt Collection Improvement
Act of 1996, 28 U.S.C. S: 2461. See Amendment of Section 1.80 of the
Commission's Rules and Adjustment of Forfeiture Maxima to Reflect
Inflation, Order, 15 FCC Rcd 18221 (2000) (adjusting the maximum
statutory amounts from $10,000/$75,000 to $11,000/$87,500); Amendment
of Section 1.80 of the Commission's Rules and Adjustment of Forfeiture
Maxima to Reflect Inflation, Order, 19 FCC Rcd 10945 (2004) (adjusting
the maximum statutory amounts from $11,000/$87,500 to
47 U.S.C. S: 503(b)(2)(E). See also 47 C.F.R. S: 1.80(b)(4), Note to
paragraph (b)(4): Section II. Adjustment Criteria for Section 503
See The Commission's Forfeiture Policy Statement and Amendment of
Section 1.80 of the Rules to Incorporate the Forfeiture Guidelines,
Report and Order, 12 FCC Rcd 17087, 17115 (1997), recon. denied, 15
FCC Rcd 303 (1999) ("Forfeiture Policy Statement").
Second DTV Periodic Report and Order at P: 12.
Id. See also 47 C.F.R. S:S: 11.1-11.61, 79.2.
See Pine Telephone Inc., Notice of Apparent Liability, 22 FCC Rcd 9205
(Enf. Bur., Spectrum Enf. Div. 2007); IT&E Overseas, Inc., Notice of
Apparent Liability, 22 FCC Rcd 7660 (Enf. Bur., Spectrum Enf. Div.
We caution Boscov's and other retailers that future cases involving
repeat offenders may result in the imposition of forfeitures on a
continuing violation basis.
"After the transition, absent a label requirement, even cable and
satellite subscribers might be surprised to find that they cannot
receive television broadcasts over-the-air on an analog-only
television purchased today if they choose to discontinue subscription
service or their cable or satellite service is terminated by disaster,
service disruption, or for non-payment of their bills." Second DTV
Periodic Report and Order at P: 12.
See Attachment A regarding the calculation of the total proposed
47 U.S.C. S: 503(b), 47 C.F.R. S:S: 1.80, 15.117(k).
See 47 C.F.R. S: 1.1914.
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Federal Communications Commission DA 07-4283
Federal Communications Commission DA 07-4283