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Federal Communications Commission
Washington, D.C. 20554
In the Matter of )
Western Shore Cable ) File No. EB-02-TS-403
Operator of Cable Systems in: )
Boones Mobile Estates, Lothian, Maryland
Fort A.P. Hill, Caroline County, Virginia )
Request for Waiver of Section 11.11(a) of the )
Commission's Rules )
Adopted: October 29, 2002 Released: November 5,
By the Chief, Technical and Public Safety Division, Enforcement
1. In this Order, we grant Western Shore Cable (``Western
Shore'') temporary, 36-month waivers of Section 11.11(a) of
the Commission's Rules (``Rules'') for the two above-captioned
cable television systems. Section 11.11(a) requires cable
systems serving fewer than 5,000 subscribers from a headend to
either provide national level Emergency Alert System (``EAS'')
messages on all programmed channels or install EAS equipment
and provide a video interrupt and audio alert on all
programmed channels and EAS audio and video messages on at
least one programmed channel by October 1, 2002.1
2. The Cable Act of 1992 added new Section 624(g) to the
Communications Act of 1934 (``Act''), which requires that
cable systems be capable of providing EAS alerts to their
subscribers.2 In 1994, the Commission adopted rules requiring
cable systems to participate in EAS.3 In 1997, the Commission
amended the EAS rules to provide financial relief for small
cable systems.4 The Commission declined to exempt small cable
systems from the EAS requirements, concluding that such an
exemption would be inconsistent with the statutory mandate of
Section 624(g).5 However, the Commission extended the
deadline for cable systems serving fewer than 10,000
subscribers to begin complying with the EAS rules to October
1, 2002, and provided cable systems serving fewer than 5,000
subscribers the option of either providing national level EAS
messages on all programmed channels or installing EAS
equipment and providing a video interrupt and audio alert on
all programmed channels and EAS audio and video messages on at
least one programmed channel.6 In addition, the Commission
stated that it would grant waivers of the EAS rules to small
cable systems on a case-by-case basis upon a showing of
financial hardship.7 The Commission indicated that waiver
requests must contain at least the following information: (1)
justification for the waiver, with reference to the particular
rule sections for which a waiver is sought; (2) information
about the financial status of the requesting entity, such as a
balance sheet and income statement for the two previous years
(audited, if possible); (3) the number of other entities that
serve the requesting entity's coverage area and that have or
are expected to install EAS equipment; and (4) the likelihood
(such as proximity or frequency) of hazardous risks to the
requesting entity's audience.8
3. Western Shore filed a request for a temporary, 36-month
waiver of Section 11.11(a) for the two above captioned cable
systems on August 6, 2002. In support of its waiver request,
Western Shore states these are small, rural cable systems that
together serve 327 subscribers. Based on price quotes
provided by EAS equipment vendors, Western Shore estimates
that it would cost approximately $12,600 to install EAS
equipment at these systems. Western Shore asserts that this
cost will impose a substantial financial hardship on it and
provides a financial statement for 2001 in support of this
assertion. In addition, Western Shore indicates that
subscribers will continue to have ready access to national EAS
information from other sources, including its cable systems.
In this regard, Western Shore notes that its subscribers
currently have access to national EAS messages on nearly one-
third of all programmed channels. Western Shore further
indicates that subscribers will have access to EAS information
through over-the-air reception of broadcast television and
4. Based upon our review of the financial data and other
information submitted by Western Shore, we conclude that a
temporary, 36-month waiver of Section 11.11(a) for the two
above captioned cable systems is warranted.9 In particular,
we find that the estimated $12,600 cost of EAS equipment for
the small cable systems could impose a financial hardship on
5. We note that the Commission recently amended the EAS
rules to permit cable systems serving fewer than 5,000
subscribers to install FCC-certified decoder-only units,
rather than both encoders and decoders, if such a device
becomes available.10 Based on comments from equipment
manufacturers, we anticipate that such a decoder-only system
could result in significant cost savings to small cable
6. Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED that, pursuant to Sections
0.111, 0.204(b) and 0.311 of the Rules,12 Western Shore Cable
IS GRANTED a waiver of Section 11.11(a) of the Rules until
October 1, 2005 for the two captioned cable television
7. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Western Shore Cable, place a
copy of these waivers in its systems files.
8. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that a copy of this Order shall
be sent by Certified Mail Return Receipt Requested to counsel
for Western Shore Cable, Peter H. Feinberg, Esq., Dow, Lohnes
and Albertson, PLLC, 1200 New Hampshire Avenue, N.W., Suite
800, Washington, D.C. 20036.
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
Joseph P. Casey
Chief, Technical and Public Safety
1 47 C.F.R. § 11.11(a).
2 Cable Television Consumer Protection and Competition Act of
1992, Pub. L. No. 102-385, § 16(b), 106 Stat. 1460, 1490 (1992).
Section 624(g) provides that ``each cable operator shall comply
with such standards as the Commission shall prescribe to ensure
that viewers of video programming on cable systems are afforded
the same emergency information as is afforded by the emergency
broadcasting system pursuant to Commission regulations ....'' 47
U.S.C. § 544(g).
3 Amendment of Part 73, Subpart G, of the Commission's Rules
Regarding the Emergency Broadcast System, Report and Order and
Further Notice of Proposed Rule Making, FO Docket Nos. 91-171/91-
301, 10 FCC Rcd 1786 (1994) (``First Report and Order''),
reconsideration granted in part, denied in part, 10 FCC Rcd 11494
4 Amendment of Part 73, Subpart G, of the Commission's Rules
Regarding the Emergency Broadcast System, Second Report and
Order, FO Docket Nos. 91-171/91-301, 12 FCC Rcd 15503 (1997)
(``Second Report and Order'').
5 Id. at 15512-13.
6 Id. at 15516-15518.
7 Id. at 15513.
8 Id. at 15513, n. 59.
9 The waivers will extend 36-months from October 1, 2002,
until October 1, 2005. Additionally, we clarify that the waiver
we are granting also encompasses the EAS testing and monitoring
10 Amendment of Part 11 of the Commission's Rules Regarding
the Emergency Alert System, EB Docket 01-66, FCC 02-64 at ¶ 71
(released February 26, 2002).
11 One manufacturer estimated that an EAS decoder-only system
can reduce the cost by 64% over what a cable operator would spend
for an encoder/decoder unit. Id. at ¶ 70.
12 47 C.F.R. §§ 0.111, 0.204(b) and 0.311.