Click here for Microsoft Word Version
******************************************************** 
                      NOTICE
********************************************************

This document was converted from
WordPerfect or Word to ASCII Text format.

Content from the original version of the document such as
headers, footers, footnotes, endnotes, graphics, and page numbers
will not show up in this text version.

All text attributes such as bold, italic, underlining, etc. from the
original document will not show up in this text version.

Features of the original document layout such as
columns, tables, line and letter spacing, pagination, and margins
will not be preserved in the text version.

If you need the complete document, download the
Word or WordPerfect version or Adobe Acrobat version (above).

*****************************************************************



                           1.   Before the
                Federal Communications Commission
                     Washington, D.C. 20554


In the Matter of                 )
                                )
PAGING SOURCE USA, LLC           )
OCN#s:  4781, 4998, 4999         )    File No. EB-01-IH-0017p
                                )    NAL/Acct. No. 200132080047
                                )
                                )
                                )
                                )


           NOTICE OF APPARENT LIABILITY FOR FORFEITURE

   Adopted:  April 20, 2001             Released: April 24, 2001

By the Chief, Enforcement Bureau:


                        I.   INTRODUCTION



In this Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture (``NAL''), we 
find  that  Paging  Source  USA,  LLC  (``Paging  Source'')   has 
apparently violated 47 C.F.R.  52.15(f) by willfully failing  to 
report its number utilization and forecast data.  Based upon  our 
review of the facts and  circumstances in this case, we  conclude 
that Paging Source is apparently  liable for a forfeiture in  the 
amount of $6,000.



                         II.       BACKGROUND


Section 251(e) of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended (the 
``Act''), grants  the Commission  plenary jurisdiction  over  the 
North American Numbering  Plan (``NANP'')  and related  telephone 
numbering issues  in  the  United  States.   The  Commission  has 
identified two primary goals  related to this statutory  mandate: 
to ensure that the  limited numbering resources  of the NANP  are 
used efficiently for the benefit of both consumers and  carriers; 
and to  ensure that  all carriers  have the  numbering  resources 
necessary to compete  in the  rapidly growing  telecommunications 
marketplace.1  The Commission recently adopted administrative and 
technical measures that  facilitate the  monitoring of  numbering 
resource usage within the NANP and promote more efficient use  of 
numbering resources,  including  new  mandatory  utilization  and 
forecast  data  reporting  requirements.2  Monitoring  individual 
carriers' use of  numbering resources  encourages efficiency  and 
forestalls premature  exhaustion of  numbering resources.   Thus, 
section 52.15(f) of the Commission's rules requires U.S. carriers 
receiving numbering resources from  the North American  Numbering 
Plan  Administrator  (``NANPA''),  a  Pooling  Administrator,  or 
another telecommunications  carrier,  to report  semiannually  on 
their actual and forecast number  usage.3   These data are to  be 
reported on  FCC  Form 502,  the  North American  Numbering  Plan 
Numbering Resource Utilization/Forecast (``NRUF'') Report.  

The staff of  the Common  Carrier Bureau  determined that  Paging 
Source apparently did not file  the mandatory NRUF report due  on 
September 15, 2000.  On January 29, 2001, the Enforcement  Bureau 
sent letters to Paging Source, which explained that Paging Source 
might be subject to enforcement action if it had failed to comply 
with the mandatory reporting requirements of section 52.15(f). In 
addition, our  letters cautioned  Paging  Source that  the  NANPA 
would withhold numbering resources as  a sanction for failure  or 
refusal to comply with the mandatory reporting requirements.4 

 Our letters gave Paging Source the opportunity to provide  proof 
of filing of  the NRUF  reports due  on September  15, 2000,  and 
reminded Paging Source  that its  next NRUF reports  were due  on 
February 1, 2001.  Paging Source did not respond to our letters.5

  

                       III.    DISCUSSION



Section 503(b)(1)(B)  of the  Act provides  that any  person  who 
willfully or  repeatedly fails  to  comply with  the Act  or  the 
Commission's rules shall be liable for a forfeiture penalty.6  We 
conclude that Paging Source failed  to file the NRUF reports  due 
on September 15, 2000. Thus,  Paging Source is apparently  liable 
for forfeiture for the willful violation of section 52.15 of  the 
Commission's rules,  which requires  U.S. carriers  to report  on 
their actual and forecast number usage.7  The Commission has held 
that an act or  omission is ``willful'' if  the violator knew  it 
was taking the action  in question, whether or  not there is  any 
intent to violate the rule.8 Based upon the record before us,  it 
appears that Paging Source's failure to comply with the reporting 
requirements was willful.

In assessing a forfeiture, Section  503(b)(2)(D) of the Act9  and 
section 1.80(b)(4)10  of the  Commission's  rules require  us  to 
consider the  nature, circumstances,  extent and  gravity of  the 
violation, and,  with  respect to  the  violator, the  degree  of 
culpability, any history of prior  offenses, ability to pay,  and 
other such  matters as  justice  may require.   The  Commission's 
Forfeiture Guidelines  establish  a  base amount  of  $3,000  for 
failure to file required forms or information.11  The  Guidelines 
also provide that we may issue  a higher or lower forfeiture,  as 
permitted by statute.12   Based upon the  information before  us, 
and taking into  consideration the factors  expressed in  Section 
503(b)(2)(D) of the Act, we find that a forfeiture that is higher 
than the base amount is warranted in this case.  

The Commission  has  emphasized  that  consistent,  accurate  and 
complete reporting  of number  utilization and  forecast data  is 
critical  to   promoting   efficiency  and   avoiding   premature 
exhaustion of numbering  resources.13 The potential  harm to  the 
integrity  and   objectives   of   the   Commission's   numbering 
administration  and  optimization   strategies  caused  by   non-
compliance  with  the  section  52.15(f)  reporting  requirements 
increases as  a non-compliant  carrier's inventory  of  numbering 
resources increases.  We therefore find that it is appropriate to 
take into  account  the  amount  of  Paging  Source's  unreported 
numbering  resources  in   determining  the  forfeiture   amount.  
Numbering resources  are  assigned  either in  blocks  of  10,000 
numbers referred to as central office  codes or NXX codes, or  in 
blocks of 1,000 numbers.  Paging Source has been assigned 12  NXX 
codes.   Under  these  circumstances,  we  find  that  an  upward 
adjustment of  the  base  forfeiture is  appropriate  for  Paging 
Source's failure to file the  required NRUF reports, and we  thus 
impose a forfeiture  in the  amount of  $6,000, which  represents 
double the base forfeiture for failure to file required reports.

Our January 29, 2001 letter reminded Paging Source that its  next 
semiannual NRUF reports were due on February 1, 2001.  It appears 
that Paging Source may not have filed these reports.  Failure  to 
file the February NRUF reports, as required by section  52.15(f), 
would constitute a separate violation of the Commission's  rules. 
We warn Paging Source that  failure to file the February  reports 
or future reports could form the basis for additional notices  of 
apparent liability. Moreover,  if Paging Source  fails to  comply 
with the NRUF  reporting requirements in  the future, the  Common 
Carrier Bureau may deem that its numbering resources are  unused, 
and thus  begin reclamation  of those  numbering resources.14  In 
addition, the Commission may  consider proceedings to revoke  the 
section 214  authorizations and  Title III  licenses of  carriers 
that persist in their non-compliance with section 52.15(f).


                      IV.  ORDERING CLAUSES


Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED THAT, pursuant to 47 U.S.C.   503(b), 
and 47 C.F.R.   1.80, Paging  Source is hereby  NOTIFIED of  its 
APPARENT LIABILITY FOR A FORFEITURE in the amount of six thousand 
dollars  ($6,000)  for  violating  the  Commission's  rules  that 
require U.S. carriers to report actual and forecast number usage.

IT IS FURTHER ORDERED THAT, pursuant to 47 C.F.R.  1.80,  within 
thirty days of this NOTICE  OF APPARENT LIABILITY, Paging  Source 
USA, LLC SHALL PAY the full amount of the proposed forfeiture  or 
SHALL FILE a written statement seeking reduction or  cancellation 
of the proposed forfeiture.

Payment of  the forfeiture  may be  made by  mailing a  check  or 
similar  instrument,  payable  to   the  order  of  the   Federal 
Communications Commission, to the Forfeiture Collection  Section, 
Finance  Branch,  Federal  Communications  Commission,  P.O.  Box 
73482, Chicago, Illinois 60673-7482.  The payment should note the 
NAL/Acct. No. referenced above.

The response, if any, must be mailed to Charles W. Kelley, Chief, 
Investigations and Hearings Division, Enforcement Bureau, Federal 
Communications Commission,  445 12th  Street, S.W,  Room  3-B443, 
Washington DC  20554  and MUST  INCLUDE  the file  number  listed 
above.

The  Commission  will  not  consider  reducing  or  canceling   a 
forfeiture in response to a claim of inability to pay unless  the 
petitioner submits: (1) federal tax  returns for the most  recent 
three-year period; (2) financial statements prepared according to 
generally accepted accounting practices  (``GAAP''); or (3)  some 
other  reliable  and  objective  documentation  that   accurately 
reflects the petitioner's current financial status.  Any claim of 
inability to pay  must specifically  identify the  basis for  the 
claim by reference to the financial documentation submitted.

Requests for  payment  of  the  full amount  of  this  Notice  of 
Apparent Liability under an installment  plan should be sent  to: 
Chief, Revenue and Receivables Operations Group, 445 12th Street, 
S.W., Washington, D.C. 20554.  See 47 C.F.R.  1.1914.

Commission  records  indicate   that  Paging   Source  USA,   LLC 
apparently has not designated an agent for service of  Commission 
decisions, as required by 47  C.F.R.  1.47(h).  Accordingly,  IT 
IS FURTHER  ORDERED  that  a  copy of  this  Notice  of  Apparent 
Liability for Forfeiture 
shall be posted in the Office of the Secretary.15  In addition, a 
copy will be sent by Certified Mail/Return Receipt Requested,  to 
Paging Source USA LLC, 240-19 Jamaica Ave, Bellerose, NY 11426.  

     

                         FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
                    

     

                         David H. Solomon
                         Chief, Enforcement Bureau


_________________________

1  Numbering Resource Optimization, Report and Order and Further 
Notice of Proposed Rulemaking  in CC Docket  No. 99-200, 15  FCC 
Rcd 7574  (2000)(``NRO  Order''); recon.  and  clarification  in 
part, Second Report  and Order, Order  on Reconsideration in  CC 
Docket 96-98 and CC Docket 99-200, and Second Further Notice  of 
Proposed Rulemaking in  CC Docket 99-200,  FCC 00-429 (Dec.  29, 
2000).  

2   Id.  

3  The NRUF reports are  due on or before  February 1 and on  or 
before August  1 of  each year.   See 47  C.F.R.   52.15(f)(6).  
However, we note that the deadline for filing reports due August 
1, 2000 was extended to  September 15, 2000. Numbering  Resource 
Optimization, CC Docket No. 99-200, FCC 00-280 (Jul. 31, 2000).   

4  47 C.F.R.   52.25(g)(3)(iv).  See NRO Order,  15 FCC Rcd  at 
7609-10.   

5  The Enforcement Bureau mailed the January 29, 2001 letters to 
Paging Source by certified mail, return receipt requested.   The 
return receipt reflects that Paging Source received the Bureau's 
letters on February 2, 2001. 

6  47 U.S.C.  503(b)(1)(B).   See also 47 C.F.R.   1.80(a)(2).  
Recently, the Commission  amended Section 1.80  of its rules  to 
make inflation adjustments in the maximum penalties that may  be 
imposed.  Accordingly,  for  a common  carrier,  the  forfeiture 
limit for  each  violation  is  now  $120,000,  with  a  maximum 
potential forfeiture of  $1,200,000 for  a continuing  violation 
involving a  single act  or failure  to act.   See Amendment  of 
Section 1.80(b)  of the  Commission's Rules,  15 FCC  Rcd  18221 
(2000).   

7 Carriers are required to  file NRUF reports by separate  legal 
entity for  each Operating  Company  Number (``OCN'').   See  47 
C.F.R.    52.15(f)(3)(ii).   Our   January  29,  2001   letters 
referenced three OCNs for which Paging Source apparently had not 
filed NRUF reports due September 15, 2000.

8  Southern  California Broadcasting  Company,  6 FCC  Rcd  4387 
(1991).   

9  47 U.S.C.  503(b)(2)(D).

10  47 C.F.R.   1.80(b)(4).  

11   The Commission's Forfeiture Policy Statement and  Amendment 
of Section  1.80  of the  Rules  to Incorporate  the  Forfeiture 
Guidelines, 12 FCC Rcd 17087  (1997), recon. denied, 15 FCC  Rcd 
303 (1999)(``Forfeiture  Guidelines'')(codified at  47 C.F.R.   
1.80(b)(4) Note).   

12  Id. 

13 NRO Order at 7593.

14 See NRO Order at 7678-7683.  

15  See 47 C.F.R.  1.47(h).