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                                   Before the

                       Federal Communications Commission

                             Washington, D.C. 20554


                             )                               
                                                             
     In the Matter of        )    File Number: EB-06-SJ-042  
                                                             
     Royal Caribbean Ltd     )   NAL/Acct. No. 200732680002  
                                                             
     San Juan, Puerto Rico   )               FRN 0015643497  
                                                             
                             )                               


                  NOTICE OF APPARENT LIABILITY FOR FORFEITURE

   Released: October 24, 2006

   By the Resident Agent, San Juan Field Office, South Central Region,
   Enforcement Bureau:

   I. INTRODUCTION

    1. In this Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture ("NAL"), we find
       that Royal Caribbean Ltd ("Royal Caribbean") apparently willfully and
       repeatedly violated Section 301 of the Communications Act of 1934, as
       amended ("Act"), by operating unlicensed radio transmitters. We
       conclude, pursuant to Section 503(b) of the Act, that Royal Caribbean
       is apparently liable for a forfeiture in the amount of twenty thousand
       dollars ($20,000).

   II. BACKGROUND

    2. In response to a complaint of interference, on May 8, 2006, an agent
       from the Commission's San Juan Office of the Enforcement Bureau ("San
       Juan Office") monitored radio transmissions on the PCS F Block band
       (1.890 GHz to 1.895 GHz) at the San Juan, Puerto Rico waterfront. The
       agent, using direction finding techniques, located the source of the
       transmissions to the Royal Caribbean cruise ship Navigator of the Seas
       docked at the San Juan harbor. A search of the Commission's databases
       revealed no authorization for the Royal Caribbean Navigator of the
       Seas to operate on these frequencies in the United States and its
       territories.

    3. On May 9, 2006, an agent from the San Juan Office monitored radio
       transmissions on the PCS F Block band at the San Juan waterfront. The
       agent, using direction finding techniques, located the source of the
       transmissions to the Royal Caribbean cruise ship Serenade of the Seas
       docked at the San Juan harbor. The signals transmitted from the
       Serenade of the Seas could be received clearly from at least 300 feet
       from the ship. A search of the Commission's databases revealed no
       authorization for the Royal Caribbean Serenade of the Seas to operate
       on these frequencies in the United States and its territories.

    4. On June 18, 2006, an agent from the San Juan Office monitored radio
       transmissions on the PCS F Block band at the San Juan waterfront. The
       agent, using direction finding techniques, located the source of the
       transmissions to the Royal Caribbean cruise ship Adventure of the Seas
       docked at the San Juan harbor. The signals transmitted from the
       Adventure of the Seas could be received clearly from at least 620 feet
       from the ship. A search of the Commission's databases revealed no
       authorization for the Royal Caribbean Adventure of the Seas to operate
       on these frequencies in the United States and its territories.

    5. On June 25, 2006, an agent from the San Juan Office monitored radio
       transmissions on the PCS F Block band at the San Juan waterfront. The
       agent, using direction finding techniques, located the source of the
       transmissions to the Royal Caribbean cruise ship Adventure of the Seas
       docked at the San Juan harbor. A search of the Commission's databases
       revealed no authorization for the Royal Caribbean Adventure of the
       Seas to operate on these frequencies in the United States and its
       territories. The agent was invited to board the Adventure of the Seas,
       where he was able to run tests with the Adventure of the Seas Marine
       Superintendent, Electrical. The tests showed that the interfering
       signals were generated by the ship's internal Cellular System, which
       consists of multiple handsets and a base system. At the time of the
       inspection, the Adventure of the Seas Marine Superintendent,
       Electrical could not produce a license to operate these transmitters
       in the United States and its territories. He also stated that the
       system had been installed on the Adventure of the Seas about four
       years ago. He mentioned that most of Royal Caribbean's ships used the
       same system. He was warned that unlicensed operation of the ship's
       internal Cellular System in the United States and its territories
       violated Section 301 of the Act, that operation of the Cellular System
       was creating interference, and that operations should cease.

    6. On September 13, 2006, an agent from the San Juan Office monitored
       radio transmissions on the PCS F Block band at the San Juan
       waterfront. The agent, using direction finding techniques, again
       located the source of the transmissions to the docked Royal Caribbean
       cruise ship Explorer of the Seas. The signals transmitted from the
       Explorer of the Seas could be received clearly from at least 678 feet
       from the ship. A search of the Commission's databases revealed no
       authorization for the Royal Caribbean Explorer of the Seas to operate
       in these frequencies in the United States and its territories.

    7. On September 17, 2006, an agent from the San Juan Office monitored
       radio transmissions on the PCS F Block band at the San Juan
       waterfront. The agent, using direction finding techniques, again
       located the source of the transmissions to the docked Royal Caribbean
       cruise ship Adventure of the Seas. The signals transmitted from the
       Adventure of the Seas could be received clearly from at least 620 feet
       from the ship. A search of the Commission's databases revealed no
       authorization for the Royal Caribbean Adventure of the Seas to operate
       in these frequencies in the United States and its territories.

   III. DISCUSSION

    8. Section 503(b) of the Act provides that any person who willfully or
       repeatedly fails to comply substantially with the terms and conditions
       of any license, or willfully or repeatedly fails to comply with any of
       the provisions of the Act or of any rule, regulation or order issued
       by the Commission thereunder, shall be liable for a forfeiture
       penalty. The term "willful" as used in Section 503(b) has been
       interpreted to mean simply that the acts or omissions are committed
       knowingly. The term "repeated" means the commission or omission of
       such act more than once or for more than one day.

    9. Section 301 of the Act requires that no person shall use or operate
       any apparatus for the transmission of energy or communications or
       signals by radio within the United States except under and in
       accordance with the Act and with a license.  The Act specifically
       defines within the United States as transmissions or communications
       from one place within a Territory: to another place in the same
       Territory; to another State, Territory or possession of the United
       States; or to any place in a foreign country or to any vessel. Agents,
       using direction finding techniques, determined that Royal Caribbean
       operated radio transmitters on PCS F Block frequencies without a
       license from various cruise ships while docked at the San Juan harbor
       on May 8 and 9, June 18 and 25 and September 13 and 17, 2006. On June
       25, 2006, Royal Caribbean was warned orally that operation of a radio
       station without a license violates the Rules and the Act and that its
       operation was causing harmful interference. Based on the evidence
       before us, we find that Royal Caribbean apparently willfully and
       repeatedly violated Section 301 of the Act by operating radio
       transmission apparatus without a license on May 8 and 9, June 18 and
       25 and September 13 and 17, 2006.

   10. Pursuant to The Commission's Forfeiture Policy Statement and Amendment
       of Section 1.80 of the Rules to Incorporate the Forfeiture Guidelines,
       ("Forfeiture Policy Statement") and Section 1.80 of the Rules, the
       base forfeiture amount for operation without an instrument of
       authorization is $10,000. In assessing the monetary forfeiture amount,
       we must also take into account the statutory factors set forth in
       Section 503(b)(2)(D) of the Act, which include the nature,
       circumstances, extent, and gravity of the violation, and with respect
       to the violator, the degree of culpability, any history of prior
       offenses, ability to pay, and other such matters as justice may
       require. Given the number of handsets in use on each cruise ship, the
       repeated nature of the violations despite an oral warning, and the
       commercial application for the unlicensed activity, we believe it
       appropriate to increase the forfeiture amount above the base
       forfeiture. Applying the Forfeiture Policy Statement, Section 1.80,
       and the statutory factors to the instant case, we conclude that Royal
       Caribbean is apparently liable for a $20,000 forfeiture

   IV. ORDERING CLAUSES

   11. Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED that, pursuant to Section 503(b) of the
       Communications Act of 1934, as amended, and Sections 0.111, 0.311 and
       1.80 of the Commission's Rules, Royal Caribbean Ltd is hereby NOTIFIED
       of this APPARENT LIABILITY FOR A FORFEITURE in the amount of twenty
       thousand dollars ($20,000) for violations of Section 301 of the Act.

   12. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that, pursuant to Section 1.80 of the
       Commission's Rules within thirty days of the release date of this
       Notice of Apparent Liability for Forfeiture, Royal Caribbean Ltd SHALL
       PAY the full amount of the proposed forfeiture or SHALL FILE a written
       statement seeking reduction or cancellation of the proposed
       forfeiture.

   13. Payment of the forfeiture must be made by check or similar instrument,
       payable to the order of the Federal Communications Commission.  The
       payment must include the NAL/Acct. No. and FRN No. referenced above.
       Payment by check or money order may be mailed to Federal
       Communications Commission, P.O. Box 358340, Pittsburgh, PA
       15251-8340.  Payment by overnight mail may be sent to Mellon
       Bank /LB 358340, 500 Ross Street, Room 1540670, Pittsburgh, PA
       15251.  Payment by wire transfer may be made to ABA Number 043000261,
       receiving bank Mellon Bank, and account number 911-6106.

   14. The response, if any, must be mailed to Federal Communications
       Commission, Enforcement Bureau, South Central Region, San Juan Field
       Office, Room 762, Federal Building, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00918, and
       must include the NAL/Acct. No. referenced in the caption.

   15. The Commission will not consider reducing or canceling a forfeiture in
       response to a claim of inability to pay unless the petitioner submits:
       (1) federal tax returns for the most recent three-year period; (2)
       financial statements prepared according to generally accepted
       accounting practices ("GAAP"); or (3) some other reliable and
       objective documentation that accurately reflects the petitioner's
       current financial status. Any claim of inability to pay must
       specifically identify the basis for the claim by reference to the
       financial documentation submitted.

   16. Requests for payment of the full amount of this Notice of Apparent
       Liability for Forfeiture under an installment plan should be sent to:
       Associate Managing Director - Financial Operations, Room 1A625, 445
       12th Street, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20554.

   17. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that a copy of this Notice of Apparent Liability
       for Forfeiture shall be sent by Certified Mail, Return Receipt
       Requested, and regular mail, to Royal Caribbean Ltd, San Juan, Puerto
       Rico.

   FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION

   William Berry

   Resident Agent

   San Juan Field Office

   South Central Region

   Enforcement Bureau

   47 U.S.C. S 301.

   47 U.S.C. S 503(b).

   Section 15.1(b) of the Commission's Rules ("Rules") states that the
   operation of an intentional or unintentional radiator that is not in
   accordance with the regulations in this part must be licensed. 47 C.F.R. S
   15.1(b). Section 15.5(b) states that intentional radiators operating under
   Part 15 must not cause any harmful interference to licensed users. Royal
   Caribbean's operation of its transmitters caused harmful interference to
   the licensee of the PCS F Block band. Therefore, it can not operate these
   transmitters as non-licensed intentional radiators pursuant to Part 15.

   The agent measured the relative signal strength of the transmissions from
   the Serenade of the Seas to be 15 dB above the noise floor at a location
   at least 300 feet from the transmitters.

   The agent measured the relative signal strength of the transmissions from
   the Adventure of the Seas to be 15 dB above the noise floor at a location
   at least 620 feet from the transmitters.

   Stations in the Public Mobile Services, including Cellular Services, must
   be operated only in accordance with a valid authorization issued by the
   Commission. 47 C.F.R. S 22.3.

   The resident agents found no evidence that the equipment was certified for
   use in the United States. Thus, even if Royal Caribbean did not cause
   harmful interference to a licensed user, it could not claim its operation
   fell under Part 15 of the Rules, because it was not using equipment
   certified for Part 15 use. See 47 C.F.R. S 15.201(b).

   The agent measured the relative signal strength of the transmissions from
   the Explorer of the Seas to be 10 dB above the noise floor at a location
   at least 678 feet from the transmitters.

   The agent measured the relative signal strength of the transmissions from
   the Adventure of the Seas to be 25 dB above the noise floor at a location
   at least 620 feet from the transmitters.

   Section 312(f)(1) of the Act, 47 U.S.C. S 312(f)(1), which applies to
   violations for which forfeitures are assessed under Section 503(b) of the
   Act, provides that "[t]he term 'willful', when used with reference to the
   commission or omission of any act, means the conscious and deliberate
   commission or omission of such act, irrespective of any intent to violate
   any provision of this Act or any rule or regulation of the Commission
   authorized by this Act...." See Southern California Broadcasting Co., 6
   FCC Rcd 4387 (1991).

   Section 312(f)(2) of the Act, 47 U.S.C. S 312(f)(2), which also applies to
   violations for which forfeitures are assessed under Section 503(b) of the
   Act, provides that "[t]he term 'repeated', when used with reference to the
   commission or omission of any act, means the commission or omission of
   such act more than once or, if such commission or omission is continuous,
   for more than one day."

   47 U.S.C. S 301.

   12 FCC Rcd 17087 (1997), recon. denied, 15 FCC Rcd 303 (1999); 47 C.F.R.
   S1.80.

   47 U.S.C. S 503(b)(2)(D).

   47 U.S.C. SS 301, 503(b); 47 C.F.R. SS 0.111, 0.311, 1.80.

   See 47 C.F.R. S 1.1914.

   (...continued from previous page)

                                                              (continued....)

   Federal Communications Commission

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   Federal Communications Commission