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Federal Communications Commission
Washington, D.C. 20554
In the Matter of ) File Number EB-02-TP-576
Omar A. Ebanks ) NAL/Acct. No.200332700016
1289 S. Kirkman Blvd., #2166 )
Orlando, Florida 32811 ) FRN 0008028698
NOTICE OF APPARENT LIABILITY FOR FORFEITURE
Released: February 11, 2003
By the Enforcement Bureau, Tampa Office:
1. In this Notice of Apparent Liability for
Forfeiture (``NAL''), we find Omar A. Ebanks (``Mr.
Ebanks'') apparently liable for a forfeiture in the amount
of ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for willful violation of
Section 301 of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended
(``Act'').1 Specifically, we find Mr. Ebanks apparently
liable for operating a radio station on the frequency of
93.9 MHz without Commission authorization.
2. On October 30, 2002, two agents from the
Commission's Tampa Field Office drove an FCC direction
finding vehicle to the Orlando, Florida area and observed an
FM radio station operating on 93.9 MHz. Using direction
finding equipment and techniques, the agents determined that
the station was broadcasting from a commercial office
building at 227 N. Magnolia Avenue, Orlando, Florida. The
agents took field strength measurements of the station's
signal and determined that the station required a license to
3. On October 31, 2002, the Tampa Field Office agents
spoke by telephone with Jay Wolk, the property manager for
the building at 227 N. Magnolia Avenue. When asked about
the radio station, Mr. Wolk indicated the station was in
Suite 103 of the building. Later on the same date, the
agents again observed the FM radio station operating on 93.9
MHz. The agents used direction finding equipment and
techniques and determined that the station again was
broadcasting from 227 N. Magnolia Avenue, Orlando, Florida.
Shortly thereafter, the agents inspected the station
broadcasting on 93.9 MHz in Suite 103. The agents found an
FM radio transmitter in operation. The agents identified
one of two persons present inside the suite as Mr. Omar A.
Ebanks. Mr. Ebanks stated that he had been listening to the
broadcast on 93.9 MHz, and the station had broadcast an open
invitation to come to the station and play music on the
radio. Mr. Ebanks stated he responded to the invitation
because he wanted to experience working at a radio station.
4. Section 301 of the Act provides that no person
shall use or operate any apparatus for the transmission of
energy of communications or signals by radio within the
United States except under and in accordance with the Act
and with a license. On October 31, 2002, Mr. Ebanks
operated radio transmitting equipment on the frequency 93.9
MHz without the required Commission authorization.
5. Based on the evidence before us, we find Mr.
Ebanks willfully3 violated Section 301 of the Act by
operating radio transmission apparatus without a license.
6. Pursuant to Section 1.80(b)(4) of the Rules,4 the
base forfeiture amount for operation without an instrument
of authorization for the service is $10,000. In assessing
the monetary forfeiture amount, we must also take into
account the statutory factors set forth in Section
503(b)(2)(D) of the Act which include the nature,
circumstances, extent, and gravity of the violation, and
with respect to the violator, the degree of culpability, any
history of prior offenses, ability to pay, and other such
matters as justice may require.5 Considering the entire
record and applying the factors listed above, this case
warrants a $10,000 forfeiture.
IV. ORDERING CLAUSES
7. Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED THAT, pursuant to
Section 503(b) of the Act,6 and Sections 0.111, 0.311 and
1.80 of the Rules,7 Omar A. Ebanks is hereby NOTIFIED of
this APPARENT LIABILITY FOR A FORFEITURE in the amount of
ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for willful violation of
Section 301 of the Act by operating radio transmitting
equipment on the frequency 93.9 MHz without benefit of the
required Commission authorization.
8. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED THAT, pursuant to Section
1.80 of the Rules, within thirty days of the release date of
this NAL, Omar A. Ebanks SHALL PAY the full amount of the
proposed forfeiture or SHALL FILE a written statement
seeking reduction or cancellation of the proposed
9. Payment of the forfeiture may be made by mailing a
check or similar instrument, payable to the order of the
Federal Communications Commission, to the Forfeiture
Collection Section, Finance Branch, Federal Communications
Commission, P.O. Box 73482, Chicago, Illinois 60673-7482.
The payment should note the NAL/Acct. No. and FRN referenced
above. Requests for payment of the full amount of this NAL
under an installment plan should be sent to: Chief, Revenue
and Receivables Operations Group, 445 12th Street, S.W.,
Washington, D.C. 20554.8
10. The response, if any, must be mailed to Federal
Communications Commission, Office of the Secretary, 445 12th
Street SW, Washington DC 20554, Attn: Enforcement Bureau-
Technical & Public Safety Division and MUST INCLUDE THE
NAL/Acct. No. referenced above.
11. The Commission will not consider reducing or
canceling a forfeiture in response to a claim of inability
to pay unless the petitioner submits: (1) federal tax
returns for the most recent three-year period; (2) financial
statements prepared according to generally accepted
accounting practices (``GAAP''); or (3) some other reliable
and objective documentation that accurately reflects the
petitioner's current financial status. Any claim of
inability to pay must specifically identify the basis for
the claim by reference to the financial documentation
12. Under the Small Business Paperwork Relief Act of
2002, Pub L. No. 107-198, 116 Stat. 729 (June 28, 2002), the
FCC is engaged in a two-year tracking process regarding the
size of entities involved in forfeitures. If you qualify as
a small entity and if you wish to be treated as a small
entity for tracking purposes, please so certify to us within
thirty (30) days of this NAL, either in your response to the
NAL or in a separate filing to be sent to the Technical &
Public Safety Division. Your certification should indicate
whether you, including your parent entity and its
subsidiaries, meet one of the definitions set forth in the
list provided by the FCC's Office of Communications Business
Opportunities (OCBO) set forth in Attachment A of this
Notice of Apparent Liability. This information will be used
for tracking purposes only. Your response or failure to
respond to this question will have no effect on your rights
and responsibilities pursuant to Section 503(b) of the
Communications Act. If you have questions regarding any of
the information contained in Attachment A, please contact
OCBO at (202) 418-0990.
13. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED THAT a copy of this NAL
shall be sent by regular mail and Certified Mail Return
Receipt Requested to Omar A. Ebanks, 1289 S. Kirkman Blvd.,
#2166, Orlando, Florida, 32811-2527. An additional copy of
this NAL shall be sent by regular mail and Certified Mail
Return Receipt Requested to Omar A. Ebanks, 2409 North
Hastings Street, Orlando, Florida 32808-4320.
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
Ralph M. Barlow
Tampa Field Office, Enforcement
1 47 U.S.C. § 301.
2 Section 15.239 of the Commission's Rules, 47 C.F.R. §
15.239, provides that non-licensed broadcasting in the 88-
108 MHz band is permitted only if the field strength of the
transmissions does not exceed 250 µV/m at three meters.
Measurements showed that the field strength of the station's
signal exceeded the permissible level for a non-licensed
low-power radio transmitter by 6,105 times.
3 Section 312(f)(1) of the Act, 47 U.S.C. § 312(f)(1), which
applies to violations for which forfeitures are assessed
under Section 503(b) of the Act, provides that ``[t]he term
`willful', when used with reference to the commission or
omission of any act, means the conscious and deliberate
commission or omission of such act, irrespective of any
intent to violate any provision of this Act . . . .'' See
Southern California Broadcasting Co., 6 FCC Rcd 4387-88
4 47 C.F.R. § 1.80(b)(4).
5 47 U.S.C. § 503(b)(2)(D).
6 47 U.S.C. § 503(b).
7 47 C.F.R. §§ 0.111, 0.311, 1.80.
8 See 47 C.F.R. § 1.1914.