|Federal Communications Commission
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Washington, D.C. 20554
|News media information 202 / 418-0500
Fax-On-Demand 202 / 418-2830
Released: May 6. 1999
List of Foreign Telecommunications Carriers that are Presumed to Possess Market Power in Foreign Telecommunications Markets
In the 1998 Biennial Regulatory Review -- Reform of the International Settlements Policy and Associated Filing Requirements, IB Docket No. 98-148 and CC Docket No. 90-337, Report and Order and Order on Reconsideration FCC 99-73 (released May 6, 1999), the Federal Communications Commission (Commission) modified its rules to remove its requirement that agreements between U.S. telecommunications carriers and foreign carriers that lack market power in the foreign telecommunications market conform to the Commission's international settlements policy (ISP). The Commission's rules include a presumption that a foreign carrier does not possess market power on the foreign end of a U.S. international route if it possesses less than 50 percent market share in each of three relevant foreign product markets: international transport facilities, including cable landing station access and backhaul facilities; intercity facilities and services; and local access facilities and services on the foreign end.
The Commission stated that it would issue a list of carriers that do not qualify for this presumption. U.S. international carriers would be precluded from exchanging traffic outside of the ISP with carriers on the list unless otherwise allowed. U.S.-authorized carriers would also be precluded from agreeing to accept special concessions (as defined in Section 63.14 of the Commission's rules) from carriers on the list unless otherwise allowed under the Commission's rules. The Commission found that this approach best advances the policy of allowing U.S. carriers to enter into arrangements with foreign carriers that lack market power with a minimum of regulatory oversight, while maintaining the ISP for certain arrangements with foreign carriers that possess market power in the foreign market.
The following list specifies particular foreign carriers that do not qualify for this presumption. The list is based on publicly available information, compiled from official sources, including the International Telecommunication Union. Interested parties may challenge the inclusion or exclusion of any carrier on the list by submitting a petition for declaratory ruling and the appropriate supporting documentation to demonstrate that a carrier included on the list lacks market power or that a carrier not included does not lack market power. This list applies only for purposes of determining those foreign carriers that are subject to our ISP, our rules on providing switched services over private lines, and the No Special Concessions rule. It does not apply for purposes of market power determination under Sections 63.10 (Regulatory classification of international carriers) or 63.18 (Contents of applications for international common carriers).
The list below will be posted on the International Bureau's World Wide Web site. (http://www.fcc.gov/ib).
Destination Market Dominant Operators Afghanistan: Cable Alcao Kabul Albania Albania Telecom Algeria MinistŠre des Postes et T‚l‚communications (MPT) Angola Angola Telecom Antigua and Barbuda Cable & Wireless Argentina Telintar Armenia Armentel Australia Telstra Austria Post and Telekom Austria AG (PTA) Azerbaijan Ministry of Communication Bahamas Bahamas Telecommunications Corporation (Batelco) Bahrain Bahrain Telecommunications Company (BATELCO) Bangladesh Bangladesh Telegraph & Telephone Board Barbados Barbados External Telecommunications Ltd. (BET) Belarus Beltelecom Belgium Belgacom Belize Belize Telecommunications Ltd. Benin Office des postes et t‚l‚communications (OPT) Bermuda Cable & Wireless Bermuda Bhutan Bhutan Telecom Bolivia Empresa Nacional de Telecomunicaciones S.A. Bosnia and Herzegovina Post Telephone & Telegraph of Bosnia and Herzegovina Telekom Republike Srpske Botswana Botswana Telecommunications Corporation (BTC) Brazil Embratel Brunei Jabatan Telekom Brunei (JTB) Bulgaria Bulgarian Telecommunications Company (BTC) Burkino Faso Office national des t‚l‚communications (ONATEL) Burma Myanmar Posts & Telecommunications Burundi Office National des T‚l‚communications (ONATEL) Cambodia Directorate of Posts and Telecommunications (DPTK) Cameroon Soci‚t‚ des T‚l‚communications Internationales du Cameroun (INTELCAM) Canada Teleglobe International Stentor Alliance (BC Tel, Bell Canada, Island Tel. Manitoba Telecom Services, Inc., Maritiem Tel&Tel, NewTel Communications, NBTel, and Telus) Cape Verde Cabo Verde Telecom Sarl Central African Rep. Soci‚t‚ Centrafricaine des T‚l‚communications (SOCATEL) Chad Soci‚t‚ des T‚l‚communications Internationales du Tchad (TIT) Chile CTC China China Telecom Colombia Empresa Nacional de Telecomunicaciones Comoros Soci‚t‚ Nationale des Postes et T‚l‚communications (SNPT) Congo Office National des Postes et des T‚l‚communications (ONPT) Costa Rica Instituto Costariccense de Electicidad (ICE) C“te d'Ivoire Soci‚t‚ C“te d'Ivoire-TELECOM (CI-TELECOM) Croatia Croatian Post and Telecommunications (HPT) Cuba Empresa Telecomunicaciones de Cuba S.A. (ETECSA) Cyprus Cyprus Telecommunications Company Czech Rep. SPT Telecom Dem. Rep. of Congo Office Congolais des Postes et des T‚l‚communications (OCPT) Denmark Tele Danmark A/S Djibouti Soci‚t‚ Telecom International (STID) Dominica Telecommunications of Dominica Dominican Republic Compa¤¡a Dominicana de Tel‚fonos (CODETEL) Ecuador Emetel Andinatel Pacifictel Egypt Egypt Telecom El Salvador Compa¤¡a de Telecomunicaciones de El Salvador Equatorial Guinea La Sociedad Anonima de Telecomunicaciones de la Republica de Guinea Ecuatorial (GETESA) Eritrea Telecommunications Services of Eritrea (TSE) Estonia Estonian Telephone Company Ethiopia Ethipian Telecommunications Corporation (ETC) Finland Sonera Ltd. France France T‚l‚com Gabon T‚l‚communications Internationales Gabonaises (TIG) Gambia Gambia Telecommunications Company, Ltd. (GAMTEL) Georgia Georgia Telecom Germany Deutsche Telekom AG Ghana Ghana Telecommunications Company Greece Hellenic Telecommunications Organization (OTE) Grenada Grenada Telecommunications Guatemala Telecomunicaciones de Guatemala (Telgua) Guinea Soci‚t‚ des T‚l‚communications de Guin‚e (SOTELGUI) Guinea-Bissau Companhia de Telecomunica‡oes da Guin‚-Bissau, sarl (Guin‚- Telecom) Guyana Guyana Telephone and Telegraph Ltd. Haiti Telecommunications d'Haiti S.A.M. Holy See (Vatican City) Telecom Italia Honduras Empresa Hondure¤a de Telecomunicaciones Hong Kong Hong Kong Telecom Hungary Hungarian Telecommunication Co. (MATAV) Iceland Landssiminn India Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited (VSNL) Indonesia PT Indosat Iran Telecommunciations Company of Iran Iraq Ministry of Telecommunications Ireland Telecom Eireann Israel Bezeq Italy Telecom Italia Jamaica Cable & Wireless Jamaica Japan Kokusai Denshin Denwa Co., Ltd. (KDD) Nippon Telegraph & Telephone Corporation (NTT) Jordan Jordan Telecommunications Corporation (JTC) Kazakhstan Kazakhtelecom Kenya Kenya Posts and Telecommunication Corporation (KPTC) Kiribati Telecom Services Kiribati Limited Korea (South) Korea Telecom Korea (North) Pycompute Pyongyang Kuwait Ministry of Communications Kyrgyszstan Kyrgyztelecom Laos Enterprise of Telecommunications Lao (ETL) Lao Shinawatra Telecom Company Latvia Lattelekom Lebanon Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications Lesotho Lesotho Telecommunications Corporation (LTC) Liberia Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications Libya General Post and Telecommunications Company (GPTC) Liechtenstein Swiss Telecom PTT Lithuania Lietuvos Telekom Luxembourg Luxembourg PTT Macedonia Macedonian Telecom Madagascar Telecom Malagasy (TELMA) Malawi Malawi Posts and Telecommunications Corporation (MPTC) Malaysia Telecom Malaysia Maldives DHIRAAGU Mali Soci‚t‚ des T‚l‚communications du Mali (SOTELMA) Malta Telemalta Corporation Marshall Islands National Telecommunications Authority Mauitania Office des postes et des t‚l‚communications (OPT) Mauritius Mauritius Telecom Limited Mayotte France T‚l‚com Mexico Telefonos de Mexico (TelMex) Micronesia FSM Telecommunications Moldova Moldtelecom Monaco France T‚l‚com Mongolia Mongolia Telecommunications Company Morocco Itissalat Al Maghrib Mozambique Telecomunica‡oes de Mo‡ambique Namibia Telecom Namibia Nauru Nauru Telcom Nepal Nepal Telecommunications Company Netherlands KPN Telecom N.V. New Zealand Telecom Corporation of New Zealand Ltd. (TCNZ) Nicaragua Enitel Niger Soci‚t‚ nig‚rinne des t‚l‚communications (SONITEL) Nigeria Negerian Telecomunications plc Norway Telenor AS Oman General Telecommunications Organization (GTO) Pakistan PAK-Telecom Palau Palau National Communications Corporation (PNCC) Palestine Palestine Telecommunications Company P.L.C. (PALTEC) Panama INTEL Papua New Guinea Post & Telecommunications Commission Paraguay Antelco Peru Telef¢nica del Peru Philippines Philippines Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT) Poland Telekomunikacja Polska S.A. Portugal Portugal Telecom S.A. Qatar Qatar Public Telecommunications Corporation R‚union France T‚l‚com Romania Romtelecom Russia Rostelecom Rwanda Rwandatel S.A. (RWANDATEL) St. Kitts and Nevis Cable & Wirless St. Lucia Cable & Wireless St. Vincent and the Grenadines Cable & Wireless San Marino Telecom Italia Sao Tom‚ & Principe Companhia Santomense de Telecomunica‡ es, s.a.r.l. (CST) Saudi Arabia Saudi Telecommunications Company Senegal Soci‚t‚ Nationale des T‚l‚communications du S‚n‚gal (SONATEL) Serbia and Montenegro Serbija Telecom Seychelles Cable & Wireless (Seychelles) Ltd. Sierra Leone Sirra Leone Telecommunications Company (SIRRATEL) Singapore Singapore Telecom Slovakia Slovak Telecom (ST) Slovenia Telecom Slovenia Solomon Islands Solomon Telekom Company Somalia Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications South Africa Telkom SA Limited Spain Telef¢nica Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Telecom Sudan Sudan Telecommunications Company Ltd. (Sudatel) Suriname Telesur Swaziland Swaziland Posts and Telecommunications Corporation (SPTC) Sweden Telia Switzerland Swisscomm Syria Syrian Telecommunications Establishment (STE) Taiwan Chunghwa Telecom Tajikistan Tajiktelecom Tanzania Tanzania Telecommunications Company Limited (TTCL) Thailand Telephone Organization of Thailand (TOT) Togo Soci‚t‚ des T‚l‚communications du Togo (TOGO TELECOM) Trinidad and Tobago Telecom Services of Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Tunisie Telecom Turkey Turk Telekomunikasyon A.S. Turkmenistan Turkmentelecom Tuvalu Ministry of Labor, Works and Communications Uganda Uganda Posts and Telecommunications Corporation (UPTC) Ukraine Utel United Arab Emirates The Emirates Telecommunications Corp. Ltd. (Etisalat) United Kingdom British Telecom Uruguay Administraci¢n Nacional de Telecomunicationes Uzbekistan Halqaro Telecom Vanuatu Vanuatu Telecom Venezuela Compa¤¡a An¢nima Nacional Tel‚fonos de Venezuela Vietnam Viet Nam Post and Telecommunications Corporation (VNPT) Western Samoa Postal and Telecommunications Department Yemen Yemen International Telecommunications Company (TELEYEMEN) Zambia Zambia Telecommunications Company Limited (Zamtel) Zimbabwe Posts and Telecommunications Corporation (PTC)
Additional carriers included on this list:
All incumbent local exchange carriers in the destination markets above.
All carriers that control, are controlled by, or are under common control with, a carrier listed above in the particular destination market.
For additional information, please contact Robert McDonald or Kathy O'Brien, Telecommunications Division, International Bureau, (202) 418-1470.